El Modifying maintenance is possibly the most overlooked and underrated type of maintenance, but it is no less important for our projects and our maintenance plan within any company that wants to work on maintenance in a professional way.
We remember the different Types of maintenance that exist and of which we have already spoken and some techniques such as RCM
The concept of modifying maintenance includes activities that are not typical of the maintenance department but they are complementary and we must take them into account and work on them.
El TPM consists of the integration between maintenance and production. At the TPM the operator is given responsibility for maintenance. This requires certain needs, such as the specific training of the operator and also that he accept said responsibility. Because if we simply impose it but the worker does not feel integrated and does not want to participate in the model, it will not work well.
Dynamics like that of Quality circles within the production of a company they are being implanted to the maintenance.
In current economic conditions there is a need to be competitive in order to survive in a fierce market. This requires the elimination of production defects. Manufacturing outside of tolerances or desired surface finishes is not allowed, nor are deficiencies caused by damaged equipment.
With automation and the introduction of robots (Factory Automation) the necessary technical capacity has been increased in line operators, but above all in maintenance. More and more technically trained personnel are needed.
El RCM (Reliability Centered Maintenance), or reliability-focused maintenance, is a technique aimed at developing a plan of maintenance in an industrial plant. This allows obtaining a series of advantages over other techniques, obtaining profitability to avoid having to replace parts more periodically.
Initially, the RCM was implemented to the aeronautical industry, where these replacement costs were much more expensive, which generated major economic problems for companies in the sector. Later it was expanding to other fields of the industry due to the great success it had in the aforementioned sector.
El Predictive Maintenance It is one that is based on periodic inspections to determine the status and operability of the equipment and facilities. Technicians dedicated to this type of industrial maintenance will need to have in-depth knowledge of the equipment they are analyzing, and to know a series of factors or variables that can affect these systems.
By example, maintenance operations must know the temperature or range of operating temperatures tolerated by a system, the pressure, maximum accepted vibration, the number of cycles it accepts before breaking, hours of work, know the possible failures that it could have, etc. . Everything had to be determined with the help of information from the equipment manufacturer or, failing that, through sophisticated studies and analyzes.
El Corrective maintenance It is the one that is carried out when the failure has already occurred. This is usually the most common in most industries, especially small ones. But that does not mean that it is the best, although for small producers or workshops, the costs or complexity of the preventive and predictive models can make the corrective worthwhile. However, being small, the losses due to inactivity will not be as great as in large companies.
Within this model, not only is the repair of breakdowns or change of parts that do not work, visual or other studies are also usually carried out to determine the status of the system, cleaning, and other maintenance tasks if necessary, such as lubrication, etc.
El maintenance plan programmed is a set of actions or activities specially designed to attend to an installation or machine. In this way, it is intended to prevent the main failures that may occur, although that does not guarantee 100% that they can all be stopped. In each case, the way to act may vary, since all the equipment does not need the same corrective tasks. It is closely related to management maintenance.
El Preventive Maintenance it is somewhat sophisticated, and involves interventions to prevent failures. In this case, they are based on the reliability of the equipment, and depending on the case, the industrial maintenance tasks will be carried out in more or less frequent periods of time.
The main objective is preserve equipment and facilities. In addition, like the predictive one, it is also usually done with the machinery running, so it does not imply reducing productivity and maintains the high availability so desired in these environments where idle time is very expensive.
Among the tasks of preventive maintenance, it goes from the simple cleaning of the equipment so that work properly, to the change of worn parts before they fail, change of lubricants, etc., depending on the recommendations of the manufacturer of the machine, or the opinion of experts. Therefore, it also prevents failures before they occur, just like the predictive one.
Currently, the Computerization of maintenance tasks has meant a great leap in quality versus how it was operated in the past. Not only does it allow better control, it also facilitates the prevention of possible failures and the monitoring of parameters that may affect the machine or installation.
CMMS stands for Computer Aided Maintenance Management. In English it corresponds to the acronym CMMS (Computerized Maintenance Management System). Basically it is a software or suite of programs that provides a series of services for the company maintenance.
El industrial maintenance It is a necessary practice to ensure that all the equipment you work with is in good condition, ensuring productivity and good production quality at all times. Only with a good maintenance policy can failures and possible breakdowns be minimized.
What is industrial maintenance
Industrial maintenance is a procedure that brings together a series of standards and techniques to preserve the machinery and facilities of any type of industry or workshop. To achieve a conservation of the machines and tools used, and reduce major breakdowns, you need to have a good policy.