Oscar Perone, send us an article about the construction of homemade hives that we are going to reproduce literally
The hive that I propose
It's possible to do beekeeperto without knowing anything about her, making our own material with scrap wood and populating our cheap hives with swarms that we will capture for free. The result will be a automatic hive that will only be opened to harvest.
This work was originally carried out to be published by the newspaper El Campero belonging to the Sustainable Local Development Program of the Ecumenical Center for Popular Education CEDEPO of Florencio Varela, here in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
That is why it is designed to convey what I propose in a medium written on paper, which is not the same as writing for people who know beekeeping or are interested in it, as you may be reading this through this medium.
I hope that this article can be a way to reach people, especially children, women and the elderly, who never imagined that they might be interested in working with bees, but who upon learning how easy it is to have and only open to harvest a hive, and populate it for free with a swarm captured in its environment, taking advantage of the fact that as in the field there is almost no place for them due to the ecological disaster that it suffers, the bees have taken refuge in populated areas, taking advantage of the holes that they find in these places, because in the countryside, due to lack of trees of sufficient size, they no longer find the ones they need to survive, not for nothing is an increasingly powerful and innovative activity called urban beekeeping underway in many countries .
The information that I offer below can be used as a way to interest them in wanting to have a hive like this as a hobby, and then take the opportunity, if they wish, to turn that hobby into the way of life that so many people need, and does not get.
It is for this reason that I beg you that if you know any person who may be useful or need this information, please send it to them; The same is true if you know a group that helps people or some written or spoken means of dissemination that would like to use this work for what it was created: Help.
So please help me to help, there is a pdf version of this document and another in .doc at your disposal, in a link at the bottom of this page.
I hope it works. Says so:
The automatic and economic hive
Beekeeper bees are disappearing all over the planet, this is due to treating them in an unnatural way, not respecting the way they build their nests and accommodate their reserves to spend the winter, stealing these and exchanging them for artificial foods that make them lose their ancestral good health, health is one of the most powerful of living beings, because they feed on the two foods that in combination are the most powerful on the planet: honey and pollen.
To help in the measure of my humble possibilities, in the necessary task of trying to save the bees, because I do not forget what Albert Einstein said:
"If bees disappeared from the Earth, man would have his years numbered: without bees there is no pollination, no grass, no animals, no men ..." Albert Einstein
I propose a technique, a way of having and enjoying hives that follow the design of the bees themselves, with which they return to nature, since they only open to harvest them, which would allow even vegans to consume honey, because in these hives, bees are treated with the utmost respect.
I provide this information so that anyone who needs to obtain additional inputs, or who wants to dedicate himself full time to it, can do so, only needing to receive the necessary information, have the commitment, the will to apply what little he must learn, and take material that is within your reach, and with the use of a simple hammer, saw and nails, build hives with which you will capture the wild swarms that are in your environment, since they have taken refuge due to the ecological disaster prevailing in the field, in the populated areas, it is not for nothing that an increasingly powerful and innovative activity called urban beekeeping is underway in many countries, which will make it very easy for you to populate your hives for free and without any effort, with the best bees you can get in the world; those with the best genetics: Those of a swarm.
This hive can be assembled with the wood that each person has on hand, such as wood from pallets, or pallets as they are called:
If you decide to buy wood, it is preferable to buy it without planing, which will be much cheaper, about 10 centimeters wide, but this is not mandatory or absolutely necessary, any measure of wood you have can adapt to this design, in which measurements are suggestions only.
What should be done is to manufacture our boxes with the internal measurements of the boxes used in beekeeping, so that if we get to get standard material, which is what it is called, there will be no problems when we put them on top of ours manufactured Well, they will coincide on the inside, which is the important thing, that they do not coincide on the outside has no importance at all.
Let's see a view of the proposed hive:
The hive that I propose
Let's see the first element with which this hive of natural and economic management forms, since they only open to harvest.
The element that you see below is the unit box with which the entire hive is formed, the design could not be simpler and stronger, these mini-risers are made, which is what we call them, with wood about 10 centimeters wide, In the photograph, the wood used is 2 centimeters thick, but anyone will do.
The measures of the mini-hike
The indicated measurements: 374 millimeters in the narrowest part of the mini-rise and 465 millimeters in the longest part of it, are from the inner edges, that will ensure that we are manufacturing within the beekeeping standard in use in most of the countries and that our boxes will coincide on the inside with increases of those purchased.
I clarify here that the reason they are so low is so that they contain little honey, and therefore weigh little, which greatly facilitates the work of harvesting, and opens the possibility for these hives to be used profitably by children, women and the elderly, for whom it is designed and dedicated.
To have a hive, 16 mini-supers must be made.
Let's now see the other necessary element:
We call this element that replaces the use of frames in which the bees raise their honeycombs in a beekeeper's hive.
This element will also ensure natural and automatic control (we will not have to intervene at all) of varroa, a parasite that due to poor handling by beekeepers has become a destroyer and kills the colonies it parasites.
The measurements with which this element has to be manufactured are in the following photograph:
View of the enclosing grid with its carved combs
The rods that are in the previous photograph, must have in their lower part, a groove right in the center of the rod, which can be manufactured using a cutting element, such as a gouge:
In the photograph that follows, you can see how this task is done:
In this groove, if available, pure beeswax will be put, melting it, as can be seen in the following photographs:
The following is an overview of the including grid with the wax melted in the grooves:
These lines of beeswax will serve the swarm that enters their hive, as a guide to raise their combs, but if they do not have it, undoubtedly attracted by the immense gap that is provided, they will still lift their combs from the The best way they think is convenient, which is always the best, they are the ones who know beekeeping.
We will have to try to get the necessary wax from a trusted beekeeper who will sell it to us, because the one bought in beekeeping shops is useless, if you cannot get it, do not make the groove, leave the rod without it.
Let's see a diagram with the details of the rod and its groove with wax:
The rods that the bees will use to raise combs to their liking, are made of the same material as the mini-supers and have a width of 24 millimeters, separated by spaces of 10 millimeters, and having, from center to center of each future honeycomb 34 millimeters which is the distance used between the centers of each honeycomb and honeycomb, the bees in their natural holes, as can be seen in the following photograph:
To save you accounts, I offer you the measurements to which the centers of each honeycomb container rod will go. These measurements are from the inside edge of the rear sight:
* 1 = 17 millimeters
* 2 = 51 millimeters
* 3 = 85 millimeters
* 4 = 119 millimeters
* 5 = 153 millimeters
* 6 = 187 millimeters
* 7 = 221 millimeters
* 8 = 255 millimeters
* 9 = 289 millimeters
* 10 = 323 millimeters
* 11 = 357 millimeters
To have a hive we must make six inclusive grids.
Let's see a view of the elements necessary to assemble our economic hive of automatic handling:
Let's see now how we make the floor of our hive:
As can be seen, to make the floor, we will limit ourselves to placing boards covering the bottom of a mini-rise, to which, previously, we will have cut a slot one centimeter high and five centimeters long. , which will serve to allow the bees to enter and leave as they please.
I note that the first board nailed to the bottom, should protrude towards the side of the hive entrance, so that the bees can land comfortably when they return home.
Assembling the hive
Let's see now, in detail, how we will build our hive:
We will choose a place where our hive is safe from the strongest winds in the area and from the strongest suns, if possible.
I recommend that it be out of the sight of the neighbors if it is going to be placed in a populated area, it is the most prudent thing to do to avoid possible inconveniences.
Another thing that we must take precaution is to put it on a base that supports a lot of weight, because it weighs terribly when it is full.
The base should not be too high to enable harvesting work, and should be so that the sides of the hive step on it, in this way everything will be stronger.
We put on the chosen base, the mini-rise that contains the nailed floor, and on it, five more, on the one that was above, we place the first inclusive grid, we will choose the strongest one we have, since it will support the weight of the nest of breeding.
After assembling our nest, with the material in place so far, we will place two more mini-supers, and an inclusive grid on top of this pair.
These two mini-supers and their inclusive grid are left for the bees to keep reserves for them, it MUST NEVER BE HARVESTED, UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES.
Remember that it is very important:
From this inclusive grid down to the floor, it is the area of the bees, a sacred area if you want to ensure that this hive maintains its extraordinary condition of not needing anyone to intervene.
From here up, you will put two mini-risers and an inclusive grid, always in pairs and in this way, until completing approximately one meter with sixty of stacked material, that is, counting from the floor, to the last inclusive grid.
To get your hive to have a roof, simply nail boards to the inclusive grid above, in order to cover everything, do not worry about the slots that may remain, you will learn that there is no one who takes better care of your house than bees.
From now on you will enjoy the benefits of having an automatic hive that does not need a beekeeper because it operates alone and you only have to open it to harvest it:
To achieve this, you can simply separate the elements using a fine wire with sufficient resistance and putting a piece of broomstick on each end to serve as a handle, you will insert it into the slots between each mini-lift and its partner and do it. pass as a saw, swinging between the hands, until the whole separates.
To get the bees to retreat, use smoke, cut the combs using a knife, and remove the bees that were in them, using a chicken or goose feather, whatever you can.
The pieces of honeycomb, wrap them in plastic sheets or cellophane, the best material you can get for this and they are ready to sell.
Make your merchandise count by making your customer understand that there is nothing better than honey in its original container, which ensures maximum hygiene and is a guarantee of quality, as this container is inimitable.
If you want to harvest fluid honey, grind the pieces of comb you have, put them in a tightly covered container and after a short time you will have the wax separated from the honey.
To grind the pieces of honeycomb you can use a meat grinder or something similar, if you do not get any of this, squeeze the combs between your hands.
At this point you may be wondering: and where do I get the bees?
Don't worry, they come alone! And they are of the best quality in the world!
Don't believe me
The hive that I propose, with its conformation
I remain at your disposal for any questions you wish to ask me.
Signed: Oscar Perone
Videos on how to make other types of hives
So to complete the article I leave you here.
And a second video