Cayenne

cayenne in orchard

Cayenne, another variety of Capsicum chinense It is one of the best known and most used spicy, possibly because although it has a high heat, it is tolerable for most people.

It has many common names: cayenne, cayenne pepper, red pepper, chili pepper.

It has 30.000 to 50.000 SHUs in the Scoville scale.

Moment It is the spicy that best suits the palate that we have at home. It offers an intense itch but without being overdone. Others like the habanero they are already going to scale and itch too much and carolina reaperThey are unthinkable for human consumption, hahaha.

This year I want try the jalapenos.

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Midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans)

Common midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans)

It is a common midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans). A common amphibian in Spain with a few quirks.

This one has a little story. We found it, when cleaning the pool. After all winter without filling it, it came out of the filling tube and fell into the water. In addition to 6 tadpoles of a certain size. We let go of the frog and take care of the tadpoles, 3 of them reached adults.

I took advantage of this capture to teach my daughters to identify species with a key, dichotomous guide for the identification of amphibians in the natural parks of Spain. It is created by the Ministry for the Ecological transition. You can download it from this link and I also hang it in case it gets lost that these things are no longer available later. They love me.

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Lesser centaur, the gall of the earth

lesser centaury Centaurium erythraea

The centauryCentaurium erythraea) is an annual or biannual herb, typical of the Mediterranean areaa that grows in poor and dry soils, next to roads and in clearings in the middle of the forest, often forming mini centaury meadows.

detail of the 5-petal flower of the lesser centaury

It is a typical plant of the flora of the Valencian community where I live. I see it year after year and my daughters have learned to recognize it very easily. Here is a video of my 7 year old daughter introducing her.

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How to tell the difference between swifts, swallows and planes

differentiate, swifts, planes and swallows

Swifts, swallows and planes They are 3 very common birds in our cities and towns and that despite living with them, people confuse them and are not able to identify them.

We are going to leave a complete manual with all the tricks and aspects in which we have to look for a good recognition.

LSwifts are much easier to identifyBetween airplanes and swallows we will have to look a little more but you will see how it is very simple.

Swallows and planes are Hurindinidae of the family Hirundinidae while swifts are family aphid Apodidae which literally means without feet.

If you want to know more about each one we have the individual files. Every time with more data, photos and curiosities

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Carolina Reaper or Carolina Reaper

Carolina Reaper or Carolina Reaper

El Carolina Reaper or Carolina Reaper was the hottest pepper in the world in 2013 with a value of 2 Scoville Units, although its normal range varies between 220 and 000 depending on the scoville scale. A real outrage that will make it inedible. Now there are other spicier varieties like Pepper X.

It is a variety of Capsicum chinense specifically the HP22BNH obtained by Ed Currie from the company PuckerButt Pepper Company. It is a cross between the Habanero chili and the Naga Bhut Jolokia (which I was about to buy this year in a nursery)

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Common plane (Delichon urbicum)

Photograph from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sanchezn

One of the urban birds that we are most used to seeing along with the sparrows although we cannot identify it. The Plane is an inhabitant of our streets. We see them flying through them and nesting on balconies and corners.

They breed in colonies on farms, towns and cities and also in open land although it is attracted to houses.

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Scoville scale

The Scoville scale was devised by Willbur Scoville to measure how hot peppers are. Evaluates the amount of capsaicin, which is a substance present in plants of the genus Capsicum. He did it through an Organoleptic test where he tried to standardize and find a way to buy different products. Even despite the limitations as it is an organoleptic analysis where people's subjectivity and their sense of palate influence, it was an advance.

Today (since 1980) quantitative analysis methods such as High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPCL) are used that directly measure the amount of Capsaicin. These methods return values ​​in "units of pungency or hotness", that is, in one part of capsaicin per million of dried pepper powder. The resulting number of units is multiplied by x15 to convert to Scoville units. It would not be necessary to go to Scoville but it is still done out of deference to its discoverer and because it is a system already widely known.

The different varieties of a species can contain more or less Capsaicin, but even the cultivation methods and / or environmental factors can determine that a chili is more or less hot even if it belongs to the same variety.

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Habañero pepper

It is a variety of Capsicum chinense.

Within the habaneros there are also a large number of varieties

Seeds and germination

The seeds of chili peppers and peppers can take a long time to germinate, especially if the temperature is not adequate, but if we put it above 30 degrees we will get them to germinate between 7 and 14 days, the seeds germinate and the cotyledons appear.

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Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Notes and curiosities about the common swallow Hirundo rustica
Photography Vincent van Zalinge

I consider the swallow as one of the most beautiful birds there is. His arrival along with that of the planes and the swifts they represent the arrival of spring.

Features

It is a Species included in the List of Wild Species under Special Protection Regime.

17 - 21 cm and young people from 14 to 15

Hibernate in Africa

Hunts insects low above the ground

We can see her from April to October.

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