ʻO ka pupule e pili ana i nā mele kahiko o Emilio del Río

ʻO ka pupule e pili ana i nā mele kahiko o Emilio del Río

Hoʻokani ʻo Emilio del Río iā Cicerone ma kahi huakaʻi ma kahi koho o nā mele kahiko e nā mea kākau nui o Helene a me Roma kahiko.

Ma kēia huakaʻi e hālāwai ai mākou me 36 mau mea kākau, kā lākou mau hana nui a me nā moʻolelo he nui mai ko lākou ola ʻana, ka pōʻaiapili kaiaulu a lākou i noho ai, nā mea a lākou i hoʻoulu ai a me nā mea hoihoi ʻē aʻe he nui.

ʻAʻole ia e komo i ka hohonu, ʻo kēlā me kēia mokuna i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i kahi mea kākau, he compendium o nā kuhikuhi, i kona ola, kāna hana, kona mau manaʻo e lanakila nei i kēia lā, nā puke a me nā kiʻiʻoniʻoni, nā mea kākau āna i hoʻoikaika ai, etc.

Leʻaleʻa loa a moʻomeheu loa i ka laulā. Makemake au i kēia mau ʻano puke. Lawe mau wau i ka manawa e kākau i nā mea he nui e noiʻi ma hope a me nā mea he nui e heluhelu ai. ʻOiai i kekahi mau manawa i makemake nui ai ka mōʻaukala iaʻu, e like me ka hihia o Ovid, pono wau e hele hohonu.

Hoʻomaopopo ia iā mākou ua hana ʻia nā mea āpau ma waena o ka moʻomeheu Helene a me Roma. A he kumu hoʻoikaika lākou no ka hapa nui o nā hana o kēia manawa. Ua like ka mea iaʻu me ka palapala Roman Engineering.

I ka heluhelu ʻana i kēia mau ʻaoʻao e pili ana i nā ʻano o Ovid, ʻo Plato, ʻo Sappho, ʻike mākou i nā mea he nui mai ka moʻo Sandman na Neil Gaiman nui.

ʻO kekahi o nā hana i ʻōlelo ʻia aʻu i heluhelu ai i ka loiloi ʻana, akā inā ma hope o ka heluhelu ʻana i kēia puke pono nō hoʻi e kamaʻilio e pili ana ʻO ka pau ʻole i ka ʻohe na Irene Vallejo a he pono iaʻu e loiloi koke. kahi e aʻo nui ai mākou e pili ana i ke kaiāulu o Helene a me Roma ma o ka huakaʻi o ka mōʻaukala puke.

Ke pau ka manaʻo o ka puke, e like me nā manawa a pau, hele au me nā memo. I kēia manawa e hana wau ma nā mokuna. Ua piha ka puke i nā mea ʻoiaʻiʻo aʻu e makemake ai e hoʻomanaʻo a e noiʻi.

He mau memo mai ka puke mai. ʻO nā mea a pau aʻu e makemake ai e hoʻomanaʻo a e pili ana i kaʻu mea e noiʻi ai.

Poems of Catullus

Hānau ʻia i ka makahiki 84 BC ma Verona

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Catullus e kahi hui kākau moʻolelo me nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe, i kapa ʻia ʻo Cicero poetae novi.

ʻAʻole ʻo ka poetry he mea kaua i piha i ka wā e hiki mai ana, akā, ua hoʻāpono ʻia e ke akamai ponoʻī, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻoihana manuahi ars, ka noeau no ka noeau.

Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka haku mele o ke aloha a me ka wahine.

e kāhea aku i kāna mau mele libellus, ka liʻiliʻi o ka liber (puke), mea like me ka puke liʻiliʻi.

ʻO Jaime Gil de Biedma (ʻimi ʻike)

Moolelo o ke Kaua Peloponnesia na Thucydides

ʻO ia kekahi o nā mea kākau moʻolelo nui o nā manawa a pau, i hānau ʻia ma ʻAtenai 460 BC ʻO ka lā kiʻekiʻe o Athens, i ka wā i kūkulu ʻia ai ka Parthenon a hana ʻo Phidias i kāna mau kiʻi kiʻi.

Kākoʻo no ka objectivity. Ma ka moʻolelo o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, hoʻāʻo ʻo ia e wehe i ka moʻolelo, kūʻē i ka mea a Herodotus i hana ai a hoʻāʻo e hoʻoponopono wale i nā pilikia i hōʻike ʻia. keu o ka mana

Hoʻoholo ka mea ikaika i ka mea hiki a ʻae ka poʻe nāwaliwali

Aia ka puke ma ka «index of book banned from the end of the XNUMXth century in Spain, and was recovered by the Renaissance humanists.

Mahalo iā Pericles. I kēlā manawa i pau ai ka Athens o Pericles, ʻo ia ka manawa maikaʻi loa o kona mōʻaukala. (XNUMX ke kenekulia BC)

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo George Santayana ka mea akeakamai

ʻO ka poʻe ʻike ʻole i kā lākou moʻolelo, ua hoʻopaʻi ʻia lākou e hana hou

Ma ka maluhia o ka manao o Seneca

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Lucio Anneo Seneca ma Córdoba, Sepania, 4 BC

Ua kākau ʻo ia ma waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe On clemency, Moral epistles to Lucilio, pāʻani, poetry, satire a me ʻumikūmākahi mau kūkākūkā e pili ana i nā nīnau o ke ola: pehea e hauʻoli ai, ka pōkole o ke ola, ka make, ka leʻaleʻa, ka huhū, ka maluhia o ka ʻuhane.

Ua kākau wau ma ke ʻano o ke kamaʻilio.

Manaʻo ʻo ia e ʻimi mākou i kahi ola ʻoiaʻiʻo a maʻalahi me nā mea hoʻowalewale ʻoiaʻiʻo, maluhia o ka noʻonoʻo, e hahai i kou ala ponoʻī a maopopo nā mea, ʻike i kahi āu e makemake ai e hele.

ʻO nā kī i ka hauʻoli e ʻike ʻia ma "On the constacy of the wise": Mai hopohopo me ka ʻole o ka mea i hilinaʻi ʻole iā mākou, mai makaʻu i ka wā e hiki mai ana a i ʻole e hoʻopaʻa i nā manaʻolana wahaheʻe.

Nec specs nec metus
ʻAʻole manaʻolana a me ka makaʻu.

Aeneid, buke IV, na Virgil

Publius Virgil Maron, 70 BC ma Mantua, Italia

ʻO ka Aeneid kekahi o nā hana i hoʻoikaika nui i ke Komohana. Aneane umi tausani pauku ma na mele he umikumamalua. Kākau ʻia ma ka hexameters, he ʻano pauku.

ʻO ia ka mokuna mua o ka hoʻokumu ʻana o Roma, i ka wā i hōʻea ai ʻo ʻAinea i Italia ma hope o ka pio ʻana o Troy. ʻO ʻAeneas ke keiki a ke akua wahine ʻo Venus.

Ua hoʻopuka ʻo ia i ka Bucolic a me Georgic

Hoʻohana ʻia ka Aeneid ma ke ʻano he hana epic nui no ke aupuni Roma hou, kahi hana hoʻokumu me nā kumu moʻolelo. Ua like ia me ka Iliad a me ka Odyssey no Helene

Ka Repubalika, na Plato

ʻO Plato, 427 BC ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu i ka Academy of Athens i hana no kahi kokoke i hoʻokahi tausani makahiki. ke kumu o Aristotle

ʻO ka Repubalika, Politeia, i kākau ʻia ma 370 BC. Ua māhele ʻia ʻo C yu i 10 mau mokuna. Aia ka hana ma ke ʻano o kahi kūkākūkā ma waena o Socrates a me ʻeono mau mea ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ka moʻolelo o Gyges me ke apo e hiki ai iā ia ke ʻike ʻole a hoʻoikaika iā mākou e noʻonoʻo iā JR Tolkien. E pili ana i ka mahiole o Hades, i ʻike ʻole ʻia ka mea e ʻaʻahu iā ia. Lawe ʻo Perseus e pepehi iā Medusa

ʻO kekahi o nā pauku nui, ʻo ia ka Myth kaulana o ke ana, ma ka puke VII

Ma kāna Dialogues, kamaʻilio ʻo ia i nā nīnau nui o ke ola, kūkākūkā i ke aloha, ke ola, ka ʻōlelo, ka makemake, ka maikaʻi a me ka hewa, ka leʻaleʻa.

ʻO Parallel Lives, Biography of Mark Antony na Plutarch

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Plutarch i ka waena o ke kenekulia mua AD ma Chaeronea, Helene. Ua ola ʻo ia no ka hapa nui o ka noho aliʻi ʻana o nā "emepera maikaʻi ʻelima" e like me Machiavelli a ma muli o ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Edward Gibbon kekahi o nā manawa hauʻoli loa o ke kanaka.

Ua kākau ʻo ia i 227 mau hana

He moʻolelo ola ʻo Parallel Lives o nā huaʻōlelo Helene a me Roma, a kākau ʻo Plutarch iā lākou ma ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana a me ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana iā lākou. He mea kūʻai maikaʻi loa ia o ka manawa. Ua lilo lākou i kumu hoʻohālike o ka moʻolelo biography o ke kenekulia ʻumikūmālima

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Shakespeare ma ka hana a Plutarch no kāna Tragedy of Antony and Cleopatra.

He loea ʻo Octavio Augusto i ka kūʻai ʻana, o ka manawa, kamaʻilio, nūhou a me ka hoʻopunipuni i nā kānaka.

Iliad, canto XXIV, na Homer

ʻAʻole mākou ʻike i kekahi mea e pili ana iā Homer, ʻaʻole hoʻi i ʻike nā Helene ʻo wai ʻo ia. Noho ʻo ia ma Anatolia, ʻo Tureke i kēia manawa.

Ua haku ʻia ma mua o 700 BC, ʻo ia ka hana kahiko loa o nā palapala ʻEulopa. ʻO ia ka mele epic mua o ke Komohana. 16 tausani pauku e hoike ana i na la he umikumamaha o ke kaua i hala 10 makahiki

Ua kapa ʻia ʻo Troy ma ka ʻōlelo Helene ʻo Ilium.

ʻIke mākou a pau iā Achilles, Hector, Patroclus, Elena, Priam, etc.

Ka Mea Hoopunipuni, na Plautus

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Tito Maccio Plauto ma Sarsina ma kahi o 250 BC. ʻO ia ka mea nāna i hana i ka hana maikaʻi loa a me ka mea kākau nui o nā comedies o Antiquity. E hoʻoikaika ʻia ʻo Shakespeare e ia no kāna mau mele, ʻo Calderón de la Barca, Molière

Hoʻoulu ʻia e nā hana Helene a hāʻawi i ka hānau ʻana o ka comedy Latin. He haʻawina pono kāna mau hana a pau. Hoʻohewa ʻo ia i nā rogues, scammers, parasites o ke kaiāulu, pimps, phonies a me nā mea āpau e kūʻē i nā kuleana o ke kamaʻāina maikaʻi.

Aia kekahi kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Richard Lester i kapa ʻia ʻo Golfus o Roma i hoʻokumu ʻia ma The Trickster

Antigone, na Sophocles

ʻO Sophocles, ka mea hana keaka Helene i hānau ʻia ma V BC. ʻO ia kekahi o nā haku mele nui ʻekolu o Athens me Aeschylus a me Euripides.

Ua haku ʻo Mendelssohn i ka makahiki 1841 a me Carl Orff i ka makahiki 1947 i kā lākou mau keaka e pili ana i ke ʻano o Antigone.

He loiloi koʻu no Antigone, he hana aʻu i heluhelu pinepine ai.

Na Moolelo oiaio, na Luciano

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Luciano de Samósata, ma Samósata, ʻo Suria i kēia manawa, XNUMXnd kenekulia AD. Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā moʻolelo ʻoiaʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​moʻolelo ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole kūʻē i ka mea a ke poʻo inoa i ʻōlelo ai, he mau moʻolelo hiki ʻole.

Manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka hana moʻokalaleo ʻepekema mua o ka palapala honua.

Hōʻike ia i ka huakaʻi mua i ka Moon, e wehewehe ana i nā Selenites, nā kānaka o ka Moon, ʻo Selene ke akua o ka Moon ma ka ʻōlelo Helene. Hiki lākou i ka mahina ma ka waʻa i kauo ʻia e ka punawai. Hele lākou ma waena o ka ʻāina o ka poʻe make, noho lākou i mau mahina i loko o kahi kohola nunui, e hoʻomanaʻo ana iā mākou i ka huakaʻi a Geppeto a me ka mokupuni o nā moeʻuhane.

Ua hoʻoikaika ʻia ʻo ia e Miguel de Cervantes no kāna Colloquium of Dogs a me Francisco de Quevedo for Dreams. ʻO Jonathan Swift me Gulliver's Travels.

Ma ka Hoalohaloha, na Cicero

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Marco Tulio Cicero ma Arpino i ka makahiki 106 BC.

Hoʻohewa ka hana i ka utilitarianism i ka pilina

sine amicita nulla vita est
me ka launa ole, makehewa ke ola

Na Kaao, na Aesop

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Aesop i ka hopena o ke kenekulia XNUMX BC ma Helene. Ua hana ʻia ka hui mua ʻelua haneli mau makahiki ma hope o ka make ʻana o ka mea kākau.

Kakaʻikahi ka ʻike e pili ana i ka mea kākau, akā kaulana loa ʻo ia ma ʻAtenai. I loko o ka agora ua hoʻolaʻa lākou i kahi kiʻi nona i hana ʻia e ka mea kālai ʻo Lysippos

Kākau i nā moʻolelo. He ʻano kaulana lākou i kūʻē i ka moʻolelo a ua hoʻouna waha ʻia ma mua o ka hōʻuluʻulu ʻia ʻana.

I ka Middle Ages, ua hōʻike ʻia nā fabularies i kapa ʻia ʻo Isopetes (Aesops).

ʻO nā moʻolelo moʻolelo a Jean de la Fontaine i ke kenekulia XNUMX e hahai i ke kumu hoʻohālike o Aesop.

Poems, na Tibullus

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Tibullus ma 60 BC ma Gabios, hikina o Roma. ʻO kekahi o kāna mau mele he hōʻike kūʻē i ke kaua.

He hoaaloha ʻo Ovid lāua ʻo Horace, he ʻāpana ʻo ia o ka pōʻai o Mesala

Kākau ʻo ia i nā mele aloha, me ia e kū mai ana ka mele kumuhana o ka amaro, i kapa ʻia ʻo elegiac poetry

Poet of love and heartbreak, the poet of dinchantment and pacifist

Medea na Euripides

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Euripides ma kahi o 480 BC, me Aeschylus lāua ʻo Sophocles, ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea hoʻokani mele Helene nui ʻekolu.

He pōʻino o Medea, Jason, Circe, the Fleece, Galuce

Ua pepehi ʻo Medea i kāna mau keiki e hoʻopaʻi iā Jason.

Metamorphosis, "Pyramus and Thisbe", na Ovid

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Ovid ma Sulmona, Italia i ka makahiki 43 BC Poet, nāna i kākau i ka metamorphosis ma nā paukū, ma nā hexameters. Loaʻa iā ia ma mua o 250 mau moʻolelo moʻolelo. ʻO Daedalus a me Icarus, Hercules, Orpheus, Aeneas, etc.

ʻO ka moʻolelo o Pyramus lāua ʻo Thisbe ma Babulona, ​​ʻelua mau ʻōpio i aloha kekahi i kekahi ʻoiai ʻaʻole ʻae ko lākou ʻohana iā lākou e ʻike kekahi i kekahi. Holo lākou, ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka liona wahine, manaʻo ʻo Pyramus ua make ʻo Thisbe, a pepehi iā ia iho, akā ʻaʻole kēia ka hihia a i ka wā e ʻike ai ʻo Thisbe iā Pyramus, pepehi pū ʻo ia iā ia iho.

Hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo ua hoʻoikaika ʻia ʻo Shakespeare e kēia moʻolelo no kāna Romeo a me Juliet, akā ʻoi aku ka pololei o ka ʻōlelo ʻana ua hoʻololi ʻo ia i kona manawa.

Nā mele, na Sappho

ʻO Sappho, ka haku mele Helene i hānau ʻia ma Lesbos i ka hopena o ke kenekulia XNUMX BC

I nā mele mele ʻeiwa i hoʻoikaika i ka hana noʻeau a me ka ʻike, ua hoʻohui ʻo Plato i ka hapaʻumi, ʻo ia wale nō ka mea maoli, ʻo Sappho.

Kākau ʻo ia i kahi mele pili, kahi i manaʻo nui ai kona mau manaʻo a me kona aloha.

I ke kenekulia XNUMX, ua kauoha ʻo Pope Gregory VII e puhi i nā palapala a pau a ka haku mele.

Na Moolelo, Buke I, na Herodotus

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Herodotus ma Halicarnassus, Tureke i ka makahiki 480 BC.

Ua kākau ʻo ia i kāna mau moʻolelo ma 9 mau puke ma ka papyrus. He hoaaloha ʻo ia no Sophocles lāua ʻo Gorgias. He huakaʻi luhi ʻole ʻo ia a kāhea ʻo Cicero iā ia moʻolelo makua kāne, makua kāne o ka mōʻaukala. ʻO ka huaʻōlelo mōʻaukala ke ʻano o ka hoʻokolokolo a me ka hōʻoia.

Ma ka puke aʻu i hoʻolaʻa ai iā Clio, ka muse o ka mōʻaukala.

Ua kamaʻilio nui ʻo ia e pili ana i nā Voyages me Herodotus na ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Kapuscinski

ʻO ka hoki gula, ka moʻolelo o Cupid a me Psyche, na Apuleius

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Apuleius i ka makahiki 125 AD ma Madaura ma ʻApelika ʻĀkau. Ua huakaʻi ʻo ia i ka Hikina, Helene a me Italia no nā makahiki he 10

ʻO ke kumu o kā mākou moʻolelo picaresque mai The Golden Ass. ʻO ka moʻolelo o Cupid a me Psyche

Ua hoʻoikaika ʻo Apuleius i ka lehulehu o nā mea kākau nui.

aloha omnia vincit
Ua lanakila ke aloha i nā mea a pau (Virgil)

Oedipus the King, na Sophocles

Ua kamaʻilio mua mākou e pili ana iā Sophocles. ʻO ka moʻolelo maʻamau o Oedipus Rex, nānā ʻia ma ka blog.

Ovid's Heroides

Ua kamaʻilio mua mākou e pili ana iā Ovid. ʻO kekahi o nā mea mua i kākau i nā leka aloha. Loaʻa iā mākou kahi ʻano epistolary.

ʻO nā hana ʻē aʻe, e like me ka metamorphosis, Amores a me ka Art of loving.

Ua hoʻohālike ʻo Seneca iā Ovid i kāna mau pōʻino

Ka noonoo ana, na Marcus Aurelius

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Marcus Aurelius ma Roma i ka makahiki 121 AD.

ʻO ia ka hope o nā Emepera maikaʻi ʻelima. Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā Meditations ma ka ʻōlelo Helene ʻoiai he mōʻī Roma. He manuale ia e hauʻoli ai

Epigrams, na Marcial

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Marcial ma Bílbilis, Calatayud i ka makahiki 40 AD Poet, ua kākau ʻo ia i 1561 epigrams ma 14 mau puke. ʻO ia kekahi o nā mea pale mua i ka waiwai naʻauao.

ʻO ia ka mea kākau moʻolelo o ka manawa, pehea ka nui o ke ola o Roma i kēlā me kēia lā, me kāna mau loina, nā mea a lākou e hana ai, ʻai, heluhelu, etc.

Ua hoʻolaʻa ʻia ʻo Francisco de Quevedo iā Marcial.

Ma ke ʻano o nā mea, ʻo Lucretius

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Tito Lucrecio Caro i ka makahiki 96 BC, ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia mai Campania, ka ʻāina ʻo Naples a me Pompeii.

De ʻano rerum (Ma ke ʻano o nā mea) ʻaʻole i pau, aia 6 mau puke a me 7400 pauku. Ma kēia hana, hōʻole ʻo ia ʻaʻole keʻakeʻa nā akua i ka hana o ke kanaka. ʻAʻole paʻa ko mākou hopena a pono mākou e noho me ka makaʻu ʻole i kekahi akua. Loaʻa iā ia ke ʻano o ka philosophy epicurean. ʻO ka pilikia nui i ka hauʻoli, ʻaʻole ia he ʻeha, me ka ʻole o ka hoʻopunipuni, ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i ka leʻaleʻa palena ʻole a i ʻole ka ʻeha pau ʻole.

Ke mālama nei ʻo Lucretius ʻaʻole i kaupalena ʻia ka manawa, akā pau ʻole, a ʻo nā ʻāpana i hana ʻia ai ke ao holoʻokoʻa ʻaʻole hiki ke luku ʻia a make ʻole.

Lysistrata, na Aristophanes

ʻO Aristophanes, i hānau ʻia ma kahi o 445 BC ma ʻAtenai, ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea kākau moʻolelo koʻikoʻi.

ʻO Lysistrata ka mea nāna e hoʻopau i ka pūʻali koa. Ma ka pāʻani, hoʻohuli ʻo Lysistrata i nā wahine e hele i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa wahine a ʻaʻohe wahine e moe me kāna kāne a pau ke kaua. He hana me nā ʻōlelo pili pili i ka wahine a me nā tacos he nui

Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ʻo Prometheus, na Aeschylus

He trilogy. ʻO Prometheus i nā kaulahao, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo Prometheus a me Prometheus lawe ahi.

ʻO Prometheus kahi Titan, nāna i kōkua iā Zeus i kāna hakakā ʻana no ka mana kūʻē i nā akua o Olympus. Akā, ʻaihue malū ʻo ia i ke ahi akua a hāʻawi i nā kānaka. No ka hoʻopaʻi ʻana, hoʻopaʻa ʻo Zeus iā ia i ka pōhaku no ke ao pau ʻole a i kēlā me kēia lā e hele ai ka ʻaeto e ʻai i kona ake, e ulu hou ana i ka pō.

Hōʻike ʻo Prometheus i ke kūʻokoʻa a me ka holomua o ke kanaka, lawe mai iā lākou i ka moʻomeheu a me ka ʻike.

Manual, na Epictetus

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Epictetus i ka makahiki AD 50 ma Hierapolis, Tureke. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo ia i kāna kula ponoʻī a me kāna akeakamai, ʻoiai ua aʻo hou ʻo ia e pili ana i ka pono a me ka pono.

No ia, pono e loaʻa i ka philosophy kahi kumu kūpono. ʻO Manual, he manual kōkua kōkua i kākau ʻia 1800 mau makahiki i hala

Nā mele, na Sulpicia

ʻO ka haku mele Roma, ʻo ia wale nō nā pauku i kākau ʻia a kahi wahine Roma. He 6 mau mele o 40 pauku. He kanaka kona mau pauku.

He nui na poe haku mele Roma i kakau ia manawa. Cornificia, Sulpicia ʻē aʻe, Cornelia, Hortensia, Mesia, Carcafania, etc. ʻOiai ka liʻiliʻi o kāna mau hana i mālama ʻia.

ʻO Scipio's Dream na Cicero

No Cicero, ʻo ka mea nui i ka wā e kamaʻilio ai e pili ana i ka mokuʻāina ʻaʻole ke ʻano o ke aupuni akā ʻo ka pono o nā kāne e hoʻokele. ʻO ka optimus civiska makaainana hemolele.

ʻO ia ka hana nui a Juan Luis Vives lāua ʻo Mozart i hoʻolaʻa i kahi keaka iā ia i ka makahiki 1772

ʻo ka palimpsest ke kākau hou ʻia

Hoʻomaka ka mokuna me kahi ʻāpana mai ka puke, kahi i kākau ʻia e kahi Karistiano, no ka mea, ʻōlelo ia no ka ʻuhane, kona keʻena lani, etc. Akā, i kēlā manawa, ʻaʻohe Karistiano.

Moolelo o Roma, buke I na Titus Livio

He mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Tito Livio i hānau ʻia ma 54 BC ma Padua, Italia. Ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ka mea kākau moʻolelo me ka moʻolelo ʻole.

Ua kākau ʻo ia i ka History of Rome mai kona hoʻokumu ʻana (kūlana ab urbea) , ma 142 mau puke. Aia ke kahua ma 753 BC

ʻO Roma ke kūlanakauhale maikaʻi loa, no laila e mau ana ka hoʻomaikaʻi pope urbi mā orbi, no Roma a no ke koena o ka honua.

A hiki i ka moʻomeheu Karistiano, ua helu ʻia ka lā mai ka hoʻokumu ʻana o Roma. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua hānau ʻia ʻo Iesū Kristo ma 753 ma hope o ka hoʻokumu ʻana o Roma

ʻAʻole i mālama ʻia nā puke piha, akā aia nā puke manawa he mau hōʻuluʻulu o nā mea a pau, no laila ʻike mākou i ke ʻano o ia mau mea

Ke haohao nei o Livio i ke kumu o ka hanohano o Roma, a ke imi nei oia ia lakou ma ka pono o ko Roma. Hōʻike ikaika ʻo ia i ka hana weliweli o ka palaho politika i ka emi ʻana o ka demokala, kahi palaho e hoʻāla ai i ka populisms e hoʻopau iā ia.

Ma ka ʻōlelo Latina ʻo lupa ʻo ia ka ʻīlio hae, akā he wahine hoʻokamakama hoʻi, aia kēia i loko o ke kumu o kahi ʻīlio hānai hānai iā Romulus lāua ʻo Remus, no laila ua kapa ʻia nā hale hoʻokamakama.

ʻO nā waiwai i ʻōlelo ʻia e Tito Livio mai nā mea hoʻokumu: pietas, virtus, iustitia, clementia, libertas, concordia, moderatio, akahai a me ka hoʻopaʻi..

Ke kamaʻilio nei e pili ana i ka ʻaihue ʻana i nā wahine Sabine, he moʻolelo a mākou e ʻike ai i ka kiʻiʻoniʻoni ʻehiku mau wahine mare no ʻehiku mau kaikunāne.

Elegies, na Propertius

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Propertius i ka waena o ke kenekulia mua BC ma Assisi. Ua lilo pū ʻo ia i ʻāpana o ka pōʻai palapala o Maecenas. A he hoaaloha ʻo ia no Ovid.

Ua kākau ʻo ia i 90 mau mele, i kākau ʻia ma ka pauku elegiac, ʻo ia hoʻi nā hexameters a me nā pentameters.

Ua lilo i mea kaulana loa. He mau pauku na Propertius ma na paia o Pompeii.

ʻO kāna mau mele e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ke aloha ahi a me ka monogamous.

ʻO ke ola o nā Kaisara ʻumikumamālua, "Life of Julius Caesar", na Suetonius

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Gayo Suetonio Tranquilo i ka makahiki 69 AD. C. He pilina ʻo ia me Pliny the Younger a ua hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no Trajan. Ua like ʻo ia me ke ʻano o ka luna nui o nā hale waihona puke emepera.

Aia nā moʻolelo 12 mai Julius Caesar iā Domitian. Hoʻokahi ke ʻano o lākou a pau: ka ʻohana, ka hānau ʻana, ka helehelena kino, ke ʻano, nā moʻolelo, ka ʻoihana politika, nā hana, a me ka make.

ʻAʻole ʻo ia e hoʻokolokolo e like me nā mea kākau moʻolelo ʻē aʻe, hōʻike wale ʻo ia i kāna mea i noiʻi ai. Manaʻo kekahi iā ia ka mea kākau moʻolelo mua loa ma ka mōʻaukala.

Mai ka moʻolelo o Julius Caesar hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i kona makemake i nā wahine a me nā kāne, a me nā lono a pau e pili ana iā ia, nā mele i hoʻomāʻewaʻewa ʻia nona, etc.

I kona hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka kalena i ka makahiki 46 a. C. a me nā manaʻo o Malaki i hoʻoulu ai i nā mea kākau.

Ma ke ola hauʻoli, na Seneca

Ma kēia hana, weheweheʻo Seneca i ka hauʻoli ma nāʻano likeʻole,ʻaʻole i loko o ka leʻaleʻa, akā i ka pono.

Ke koi nei i ka stoicism, ka lokomaikaʻi a me ka lokomaikaʻi.

Alcestis, na Euripides

Hōʻike ʻia ka moʻolelo o Alcestis, he wahine nāna i hāʻawi i kona ola e hoʻopakele i kāna mea aloha ʻo Admetus, a pehea hoʻi i hele ai ʻo Heracles i Hades a ʻoki i kona kua.

ʻAʻole makehewa kāna mōhai, no ka mea, ua lanakila ʻo ia i ka make.

Amores, na Ovid

ʻO Amores ka puke 1 a Ovid me 2418 e pale ana i ke aloha. ʻO kēia hana me ka Art of loving, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo ia e Emperor Augustus i makemake e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i ka nohona Roma.

ʻO ia ka haku mele mua loa a me ke kumu hoʻohālike o nā palapala ʻEulopa a pau.

ʻO Homer's Odyssey

ʻO kekahi o nā hana koʻikoʻi o ka moʻolelo o ke kanaka, i kākau ʻia i ka makahiki ʻehiku BC. Ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia, no ka mea ma ka ʻōlelo Helene ʻo Ulysses ʻo Odysseus. Hoʻokumu ʻia e 24 mau mele a me 12110 pauku. Ua ʻike nā kānaka a pau i ka moʻolelo.

ʻO Ulysses, Telemachus, Penelope, Polifemos, Circe, Argos, etc.

ʻO kekahi o nā hana i hoʻoikaika nui i nā mea kākau o nā makahiki āpau.

Odes, na Horace

ʻO ka lima ʻo Horacio Flaco, ua hānau ʻia ma Venusia, Italia i ka makahiki 65 a. C. Poet, he ʻāpana o ka pōʻai palapala o Maecenas.

Ua kākau pū ʻo ia i ka Poetic Art, akā kū ʻo kāna Odes a me Epidos, kahi āna e kamaʻilio ai e pili ana i ka pilina a me ke aloha, a pehea e lilo ai i epicurean maikaʻi e hauʻoli i ke ola.

ʻIke ʻia kāna mele ʻumikūmākahi ʻO Carpe diem

E heluhelu

Ke koho ʻana i nā hana aʻu e makemake ai e heluhelu mai nā mea i ʻōlelo ʻia e Emilio del Río.

  • Ma ka maluhia o ka manao o Seneca
  • Ma ke kupaa o ke kanaka naauao e Seneca
  • Aeneid, buke IV, na Virgil
  • Ma ka Hoalohaloha, na Cicero
  • Metamorphosis, "Pyramus and Thisbe", na Ovid
  • Ka noonoo ana, na Marcus Aurelius
  • Ma ke ʻano o nā mea, ʻo Lucretius
  • Lysistrata, na Aristophanes
  • Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ʻo Prometheus, na Aeschylus
  • Manual, na Epictetus
  • Moolelo o Roma, buke I na Titus Livio
  • Ma ke ola hauʻoli, na Seneca

Inā he kanaka hoʻomaha ʻoe e like me mākou a makemake ʻoe e hui pū i ka mālama ʻana a me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka papahana, hiki iā ʻoe ke hāʻawi i kahi hāʻawi. E hele nā ​​kālā a pau e kūʻai i nā puke a me nā mea hana e hoʻokolohua a hana i nā haʻawina

Haʻalele i ka manaʻo hoʻopuka