4D kusindikiza

Ndikupeza chomwe icho chiri Kusindikiza kwa 4D ndipo ngakhale ndikuganiza kuti ndichinthu chatsopano, ndikuyang'ana zambiri ndikuzindikira kuti ndili kale Kusindikiza kwa 4D kumakambidwa kuyambira 2013. Ngakhale zili choncho, ndikuganiza kuti ndichinthu choyenera kukumbukira kutsatira ndikuwona momwe zimasinthira komanso ngati tsiku lina titha kugwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo uwu kunyumba.

Ndi chiyani?

4D kusindikiza kapena 4-dimensional kusindikiza, ndiNdi kuphatikiza pakati 3D kusindikiza ndi zipangizo zamakono. Kuti mapangidwe omwe adapangidwa amatha kusintha masinthidwe awo ndi kusintha kwa chilengedwe.

Kodi izi zikutanthauza chiyani? Zomwe ndi zida zosindikizidwa za 3D zomwe zimasintha mawonekedwe awo ndi kusintha kwa chilengedwe chomwe chimawazungulira, mwachitsanzo ndi kutentha ndi chinyezi, pakati pazinthu zina.

Tipeza zida zomwe zimatha kusintha mawonekedwe tikamawonetsa.

SKylar Tibbits, yemwe adayambitsa lingaliroli, akupereka munkhani iyi ya TED lingaliro la kudzipangira tokha, momwe magawo osokonekera amamanga chikhazikitso chokhazikitsidwa pokhapokha pakulumikizana kwanuko. Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati njira yomanga.

Yang'anani vidiyoyi kuti ikuwonetseni momveka bwino kwa inu zomwe zingatheke komanso ntchito zomwe zingakhale nazo.

Idzakusangalatsani Sea Glass Guide, krustalo ina yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito muzodzikongoletsera

historia

Wotsogolera ukadaulo uwu anali Skylar Tibbits, woyambitsa komanso wotsogolera wa Self-Assembly Lab ku Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Pakali pano ali ndi ntchito zotsatirazi Rapid Liquid mu Self Assembli Lab Izi zimalola kusindikiza kwa zinthu zazikulu.

Momwe ikugwirira ntchito

Zimatengera kusindikiza kwa elastomer.

Pawiri wopangidwa ndi vitreous shape memory polima ndi elastomer yomwe imapangitsa kukanikiza ndipo imasintha kapangidwe kake polima ikafewetsa.

Zida zazikulu zosindikizira za 4D

Pali zida zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimadziwika masiku ano ndipo ndizoyenera kwambiri zomwe timadziwa pa kusindikiza kwa 4D ndikudzipangira tokha.

PMF mawonekedwe a kukumbukira ma polima. Iwo "amaloweza" mawonekedwe a macroscopic omwe amatha kukumbukira chifukwa cha gwero la kutentha, maginito, magetsi, kapena madzi.

LCEs, liquid crystal elastomers. Zomverera kutentha ndi zomwe tingathe kulamulira lathu.

Pomaliza, ma hydrogel, omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri muzamankhwala.

Ntchito ndi ntchito

kuphatikiza ukadaulo wazachipatala, zakuthambo ndi zinthu za ogula, komanso zikuwonetsa malingaliro atsopano pamapangidwe azinthu

Malingaliro okhudzana

Ndikuwona lingaliro la kusindikiza kwa 4D logwirizana kwambiri ndi nanomatadium, graphene ndi zida zina zamitundu iwiri zomwe zikusintha ukadaulo chifukwa cha mikhalidwe yawo yayikulu.

Mu kanemayu, asayansi osiyanasiyana a IFIMAC amalankhula nafe za momwe tingapezere komanso mawonekedwe azinthu ziwiri-dimensional.

Fuentes

Ngati ndinu munthu wosakhazikika ngati ife ndipo mukufuna kuthandizira kukonza ndi kukonza pulojekitiyi, mutha kupereka. Ndalama zonse zipita kukagula mabuku ndi zida zoyesera ndikuchita maphunziro

Kusiya ndemanga