Cayenne

cayenne m'munda wa zipatso

Cayenne, mtundu wina wa Capsicum chinense Ndi imodzi mwazonunkhira zodziwika bwino komanso zogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, mwina chifukwa chakuti imakhala yotentha kwambiri, imapilira kwa anthu ambiri.

Ili ndi mayina ambiri odziwika: cayenne, tsabola wa cayenne, tsabola wofiira, chili.

Ili ndi ma 30.000 mpaka 50.000 SHUs mu Scoville lonse.

Pakadali pano Ndizonunkhira zomwe zimakwanira bwino m'kamwa mwathu omwe tili nawo kunyumba. Amapereka kuyabwa kwakukulu koma osadodometsedwa. Ena amakonda habanero ayamba kale kukweza ndi kuyabwa kwambiri ndipo carolina wokololaSizingaganizidwe kuti anthu azidya, hahaha.

Chaka chino ndikufuna yesani ma jalapenos.

Pitirizani kuwerenga

Chidole cha azamba (Alytes obstetricans)

Zolemba zapadera za azamba (Alytes obstetricans)

Ndi mphonje wamba wazamba (Alytes obereka). Wamphibiya wamba ku Spain wokhala ndi ma quirks ochepa.

Uyu ali ndi mbiri pang'ono. Tidachipeza, tikamakonza dziwe. Pambuyo pachisanu chonse osadzaza, chimatuluka mu chubu chodzaziracho ndikugwera m'madzi. Kuwonjezera pa tadpoles 6 za kukula kwake. Timasiya kansalu kakang'ono ndikusamalira ma tadpoles, 3 mwa iwo adakula.

Ndidagwiritsa ntchito njirayi kuti ndiphunzitse ana anga akazi dziwani zamoyo zomwe zili ndi kiyi, chitsogozo chodziwika bwino chodziwitsa amphibiya m'mapaki achilengedwe ku Spain. Zimapangidwa ndi Unduna wa Zachilengedwe. Mutha kutsitsa kuchokera kugwirizana komanso ndimachipachika kuti chingatayike kuti zinthu izi zisiyike kupezeka. Amandikonda.

Pitirizani kuwerenga

Pang'ono Centaura, ndulu ya dziko lapansi

Centaurium erythraea wazaka zochepa

Zaka zana limodziCentaurium erythraea) ndi zitsamba zapachaka kapena zapachaka, zomwe zimapezeka mdera la Mediterraneana yomwe imamera m'nthaka yosauka komanso youma, pafupi ndi misewu ndi malo oyeretsa mkatikati mwa nkhalango, nthawi zambiri ndikupanga ma meadows a centaury.

tsatanetsatane wa maluwa 5-petal a zaka zochepa

Ndi chomera wamba cha maluwa a gulu lachi Valencian kumene ndimakhala. Ndimaziwona chaka ndi chaka ndipo ana anga akazi aphunzira kuzizindikira mosavuta. Nayi kanema wa mwana wanga wamkazi wazaka 7 akumuuza.

Pitirizani kuwerenga

Momwe mungasiyanitsire pakati pa ma swifts, swallows, ndi ndege

kusiyanitsa, kusambira, ndege ndi kumeza

Swifts, kumeza ndi ndege Ndi mbalame zitatu zofala kwambiri m'mizinda ndi m'matawuni athu ndipo kuti ngakhale amakhala nawo, anthu amawasokoneza ndipo sangathe kuwazindikira.

Tisiyira buku lathunthu ndi zododometsa zonse ndi zina zomwe tiyenera kuyang'ana kuti tidziwike.

LKuthamanga kumakhala kosavuta kuzindikiraPakati pa ndege ndi akameza tiyenera kuyang'ana pang'ono koma muwona momwe zilili zosavuta.

Swallows ndi ndege ndi Hurindinidae wabanja Hirundinidae pomwe ma swifts ndi aphid wabanja Apodidae kutanthauza kuti kopanda mapazi.

Ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za aliyense tili ndi mafayilo ake. Nthawi iliyonse yokhala ndi zambiri, zithunzi ndi chidwi

Pitirizani kuwerenga

Carolina Reaper kapena Carolina Reaper

Carolina Reaper kapena Carolina Reaper

El Carolina Reaper kapena Carolina Reaper anali tsabola wowotcha kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi mu 2013 ndi mtengo wa 2 Scoville Units, ngakhale kuchuluka kwake kumasiyana pakati pa 220 ndi 000 kutengera sikelo ya scoville. Kukwiya kwenikweni komwe kungapangitse kuti isadyeke. Tsopano pali mitundu ina ya spicier monga Pepper X.

Ndizosiyanasiyana za Capsicum chinense makamaka HP22BNH yopezeka ndi Ed Currie kuchokera ku kampaniyo Kampani ya PuckerButt Pepper. Ndi mtanda pakati a Habanero chili ndi Naga Bhut Jolokia (yomwe ndinali pafupi kugula chaka chino ku nazale)

Pitirizani kuwerenga

Ndege wamba (Delichon urbicum)

Chithunzi kuchokera ku https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sanchezn

Mmodzi wa mbalame zam'mizinda zomwe tazolowera kuziona pamodzi ndi mpheta ngakhale kuti sitingazizindikire. Ndege imakhala m'misewu mwathu. Timawawona akuwuluka pakati pawo ndikukhazikika m'makhonde ndi ngodya.

Amaswana m'magawo m'minda, m'matawuni ndi m'mizinda komanso m'malo otseguka ngakhale amakopeka ndi nyumba.

Pitirizani kuwerenga

Scoville lonse

Mulingo wa Scoville udapangidwa ndi Willbur Scoville kuti ayese momwe tsabola wotentha alili. Imawunika kuchuluka kwa capsaicin, chinthu chomwe chimapezeka muzomera zamtunduwu Capsicum. Adachita izi poyesa kwa Organoleptic komwe adayesa kukhazikika ndikupeza njira yogulira zinthu zosiyanasiyana. Ngakhale panali zoperewera chifukwa ndikuwunikanso kwamankhwala komwe kudalira anthu ndikumverera kwawo kwamkamwa, zinali patsogolo.

Masiku ano (kuyambira 1980) njira zowunikira zochulukirapo monga High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPCL) zimagwiritsidwa ntchito zomwe zimayeza kuchuluka kwa Capsaicin. Njirazi zimabweretsanso zabwino mu "mayunitsi a pungency kapena kutentha", ndiye kuti, gawo limodzi la capsaicin pa miliyoni ya ufa wouma wa tsabola. Chiwerengero cha mayunitsi chimachulukitsidwa ndi x15 kuti musinthe kukhala mayunitsi a Scoville. Sizingakhale zofunikira kupita ku Scoville koma zimachitikabe chifukwa cholemekeza omwe adazipeza chifukwa ndi kachitidwe kodziwika kale.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamtunduwu imatha kukhala ndi Capsaicin wocheperako, koma ngakhale njira zolimitsira komanso / kapena zachilengedwe zitha kudziwa kuti tsabola ndi wotentha pang'ono ngakhale utakhala wamtundu womwewo.

Pitirizani kuwerenga

tsabola wa habañero

Ndizosiyanasiyana za Capsicum chinense.

Pakati pa habaneros mulinso mitundu yambiri

Mbewu ndi kumera

Mbeu za tsabola ndi tsabola zimatha kutenga nthawi yayitali kuti zimere, makamaka ngati kutentha sikukwanira, koma ngati titaika pamwambapa pamadigiri 30 tifika kuti mbeu zimere pakati pa masiku 7 ndi 14 ndipo ma cotyledon amawonekera.

Pitirizani kuwerenga

Mzere wa Barn (Hirundo rustica)

Zolemba komanso chidwi chokhudza Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Chithunzi cha Vincent van Zalinge

Ndimaona namzeze ngati imodzi mwa mbalame zokongola kwambiri zomwe zilipo. Kubwera kwake limodzi ndi kuja kwa ndege ndi ma swifts zikuyimira kufika kwa masika.

Zida

Ndi Mitundu yomwe idaphatikizidwa ndi List of Wild Species under Special Protection Regime.

17 - 21 cm ndi achinyamata kuyambira 14 mpaka 15

Kubisala ku Africa

Kusaka tizilombo pansi

Titha kumuwona kuyambira Epulo mpaka Okutobala.

Pitirizani kuwerenga