Kuyamba kwa ndege zamagetsi zamagetsi. Mangani Ikkaro001

Ndiyambitsa mndandanda wa ndege zamagetsi zamagetsi, nthawi zonse kuchokera pamzimu watsamba lino. Mayankho azachuma ndi kuyesa, komanso zoyeserera zakuti zichitike ndi momwe zinthu zimagwirira ntchito. Ndilongosola zida zoyambira, magawo osiyanasiyana ndi momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito zida zosiyanasiyana za tsiku ndi tsiku popanga ndege zamtundu.

Ngati anu ndi ma helikopita, ndikukusiyirani maphunziro ena oti muzitsatira ndi Kuyamba kwa ma helikopita amagetsi.

Gawo la 1

Zomwe zikuchitika:

Tikukhala munthawi yolemekezeka ngati ndege zachitsanzo. Tili ndi yuro yolimba poyerekeza ndi dola, ndipo achi China akugulitsa madola ndi yuan pansi ndikulimbana ndi dola….

Izi, zomwe ndizoyipa kwambiri, zoyipa kwambiri kumakampani (inde…), zapangitsa kuti zida zoyendetsera ndege zoyendetsedwa ndi wailesi zikhale ndi mtengo wokwanira. Kuphatikiza apo, kupanga mabatire, ndi zamagetsi zonse, kwadzetsa magwiridwe antchito a zida.

Aliyense amene amafuna kuyamba nawo pamutuwu anali ndi bajeti pafupifupi 300 mayuro, (kapena 50000 pesetas).

Pachithunzi cham'mbuyomu ndikuwonetsa zida zowonjezera ndi mtengo pafupifupi wa 50-60 euros, zomwe zimakupatsani mwayi woyesera.

Zinthu zofunikira zochepa komanso mtengo wake.

Timapita m'magawo. Mpaka posachedwa zaka zingapo zapitazo, ndege yoyambira ya otchedwa mphunzitsi, yokhala ndi injini yoyaka yamkati ndi wailesi yamawayilesi 4, akuyenera (kupatula ma 300 osachepera omwe atchulidwa kale), zokhumudwitsa zazikulu pakagwa ngozi kapena ngozi. Zinthu zasintha.

 Malo opangidwa ku China okhala ndi njira 6 (ndiye kuti mayendedwe 6) atha kugulidwa kuchokera ku ma euro 30 kuphatikiza mtengo wotumizira. Ma servos otsika mtengo, kuyambira ma 1.50 euros. Olandila owonjezera pa ma euro 12, ma motors amagetsi ochokera ku 5 euros, ndi zina zambiri.

 Ndiye kuti, titha kuyesa, ndipo ngati tilephera, sitidzakhumudwa. Kuphatikiza apo, tili ndi zoyeserera, zomwe zimatipangitsa kufika pabwalo la ndege kukhala akatswiri.

Pambuyo pake komanso m'malo otsatizana, ndiyankhapo pamakhalidwe azinthu zosiyanasiyana.

Wailesi.
Mwina aku China akuvutitsidwa ndi mankhwala awo ndipo mafakitole amakoperana ku millimeter, kapena ali ndi luso lapadera kotero kuti fakitale imodzi imadzipereka kwa iyo yokha, kuti ipange ndipo enawo amangotenga malowa ndikuyika chomata izo ……

Malo okwerera chithunzi choyambirira ndi "turborix", koma ngati mungayang'ane pang'ono, muwona kuti ndi chimodzimodzi ndi "bluesky", "turnigy", ndi zina zambiri. (Ndikulingalira kuti maubwino adzafanana).

Ili ndi njira 6, chingwe kuti muyiike pulogalamu ndi PC ndikuphunzitsa ndi ma simulators, ndipo imagwira ntchito mu 2.4 GHz.

Yotsirizira, pafupipafupi n'kofunika. Nthawi zambiri ma eyapoti oyendetsa ndege amayenda pafupipafupi monga 27 Mhz kapena 40 Mhz.

Anagwiritsa ntchito bandwidth (monga kanjira) ndipo ngati panali malo awiri pamenepo, chipangizocho chitha kuwonongeka.

 Ma 2.4 Ghz nthawi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito kulembera munthawi yomweyo ndi njira, motero ndizosatheka kuti kusokonezedwa kutikhudze.

 Mitundu ina yotumizira imabwera ndi kukumbukira kusintha kwa ndege iliyonse, koma enanso, pazomwe muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito PC (ena amatha kugwiritsa ntchito PDA, ndikugwirapo ntchito).

Chogawanika cha chopatsilira ndi cholandirira chomwe chili pa ndege yachitsanzo. Izi ndizofunikanso, chifukwa ngati ndi zotsika mtengo, titha kukhala nazo pazida zilizonse ndikupanga zopindika osadandaula.
Ponena za njira (CH), kuti titha kuyendetsa ndege ziwiri, kuti tikwere ndege yokwanira ndi 4, koma popeza ndiyofunika pang'ono, timapita ku 6 CH, ngati tikufuna kuyesa ma helikopita tsiku limodzi kapena yambitsani zida kapena kukweza ndi kutsitsa mawilo… ..

Kuphatikiza apo, mtunduwo pachithunzipa umaphatikizira thumba lolipiritsa mabatire omwe sindinagwiritsepo ntchito koma, zomwe zimaloleza wotumiza kuti azilamulidwa ndi bowoyo, kudzera pamagetsi a 12 V pomwe timachita ndi simulator, zomwe tidzapulumutsa kwambiri pamabatire.

Gawo la 2

Tipitiliza ndi mutuwo. Ngakhale zikuwoneka kuti phunziroli, kapena chilichonse chomwe tikufuna kuchitcha, chili ndi mpungwepungwe, zolemba zonse za kalembedwezi zidzakhala, ndiye kuti, deta yoyamba yaukadaulo ndiyeno mbali zonse ndi malingaliro omwe ndikuganiza kuti ndi osangalatsa. Ndikufuna kupanga kuwerenga kosangalatsa.

Siteshoni, anapitiriza.
Tanena kale zaubwino wa gulu la 2.4 Ghz, (tinyanga sikutalikiranso, chifukwa cha kutalika kwa kutalika kwake), komanso chinthu chosangalatsa chokhala ndi njira 6, chingwe champhamvu cholipira kapena kugwira ntchito ndi netiweki kudzera pa thiransifoma, ndi chingwe chofunikira kukonza pulogalamuyo kuchokera ku PC komanso kutha kuphunzitsa ndi pulogalamu yoyeserera.

Njira 1 / mawonekedwe 2.
Izi ndizosankha zomwe tili nazo pogula siteshoni pamakonzedwe amachitidwe, makamaka oyang'anira injini. Iliyonse ili ndi zofunikira zake, kuti ngati ndili wamanzere, ngati lingaliro likunena izi, linzake ..., koma ndikupangira kuti tipite ku standard, BUY MODE 2. Mwa njirayi, dzanja lamanja limagwira ma ailerons ( Kupendekera kwina kwa ndege) ndi Phula (pita-kutsika).

 Ndi dzanja lamanzere timagwiritsa ntchito injini ndi chiwongolero, chomwe chimatembenuza ndege.
Pogula siteshoni, kuti muchepetse mtengo wotumizira, ndikulimbikitsanso kuyitanitsa wolandila wina kapena awiri.

Mapulogalamu oyeserera a RC:
Zomwe zimayendera ndege zoyeserera sizimayembekezereka kale, ngati kuti sakudziwa komwe kuli maulamuliro….
Chifukwa chake ndikofunikira kupereka maola ochepa pakuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi pakompyuta. Tiyenera kuyesa ndi mitundu yonse ya ndege, popeza momwe zimasinthira malinga ndi kapangidwe kake ndi mitundu.

Mapulogalamu oyeserera a RC pachithunzipa amatchedwa FMS. Ndiosavuta kwambiri ndipo imafuna kompyuta yaying'ono. Tifunikanso pulogalamu yaying'ono yosangalatsa yosangalatsa yotchedwa T6sim. (Ndikungodziwa kuti imagwira ntchito pamalo anga a TURBORIX, sindikudziwa machitidwe azida zina).

Mbiri.

Chifukwa chiyani ndege zamagetsi zakula kwambiri?


Wofalitsa zaka 40 zapitazo.

Mpaka zaka zingapo zapitazo, kuti ayendetse ndege yoyeserera, ma injini omwe amangoyendetsa pansi anali ma rocket olimba, ma jets (onani pa YouTube !!, sayansi yonse), ma turbines, kapena makamaka kuphulika injini kawiri kapena kanayi.

Chinthucho chinali cha akatswiri ndi mitundu iwiri yoyambirira yama thrusters, amapita kwa onse kapena ayi.

 Makina oyaka mkatikati ndiosavuta kuwongolera, ndipo kudziyimira pawokha, kuchuluka kwa mphamvu zolemera, maulendo angapo apaulendo omwe tingachite, kungowonjezera mafuta, komanso kuzindikira kwakukulu komwe tingachite, kuli ndi zabwino kuposa ma mota amagetsi. ndege yachitsanzo (phokoso). Makina opanga makinawa ali ndi mawonekedwe apamwamba kuposa aposachedwa.

Ndiye, ndizinthu ziti zomwe magetsi amagetsi ali ndi zabwino kuposa zam'mbuyomu?

Ubwino waukulu womwe ndikuwona ndikuti mukafika, kuwuluka, kunyamula ndikunyamuka. Oyera osatinso.

Makina oyaka moto (kuwala) amachita mwambo womwe umaphatikizapo kudzaza mafuta, kudyetsa pulagi, kuyambitsa injini, kukonza injini, ndipo pamapeto pake, kutsanulira mafuta, kutsuka ndege ndi mafuta, kunyamula sitata, tweezers, benchi yokhala ndi zida, ndi zina zambiri…. Zonsezi zimakhala ndi chidwi chake, koma zimafunikira ndalama zochulukirapo munthawi ndi ndalama.

Ma injini oyaka mkati amafunikiranso kulimba komanso kukula kwa ndege zoyeserera.

Ndege zokhala ndi ma mota amagetsi ndizotsika mtengo, zoyera, zowala, malamulo ndiosavuta, ndipo tili ndi mitundu yayikulu yamitundu ndi mphamvu, zomwe zimaloleza kuyesera.

Mphamvu yayikulu ya ndege yamagetsi yabwera kuchokera ku mabatire ndi zamagetsi. Mabatire amtundu wa Li-Po (lithiamu-polymer) amakhala ndi mphamvu / kunenepa kwambiri (kachulukidwe kake), mafunde akulu otulutsira, ndipo kuchuluka kwake / mtengo wake umakula tsiku lililonse.

Omwe akuyang'anira zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi (brushless ESC) ndizochepa, zopepuka komanso zopanda mawonekedwe komanso zosankha zingapo. Tidzawawona pamutu winawake. 

Zina mwazinthu zomwe zachepetsa mtengo ndikuloleza kuyeserera ndi zida zatsopano, mwazina ma polystyrenes omwe adakulitsidwa ndi kutulutsidwa, (dissón, porexpan, styrodur, styro-foam, foam,…. ndi mpweya CHIKWANGWANI (asalole aliyense kuchita mantha).

M'mbuyomu, zonse zinali zopangidwa ndi matabwa a balsa ndi ma slats a paini, okutidwa ndi pepala kapena kukulunga pulasitiki.

Makamaka omwe akuchita bwino ndi ma depron ndi extruded ndikukulitsa polystyrene.

Onani youtube ndi google, ndipo muwone zomwe zingapangidwe ndi suón.

Chotsalira ndichinthu chomwe matayala omwe nyama imagulidwa m'misika yayikulu amapangidwira. Zipangizozi zimakhala ndi zolemba zawo.

Gawo 3. Chithunzi cha magetsi

Makina amagetsi a ndege yachitsanzo.

Tidzabwerera ku nkhani ya siteshoni pomwe tifunika kuyisintha, tsopano tipitiliza ndi chithunzi cholumikizira cha ndege zachitsanzo.

Muli ndege batire, chosinthira (ESC), mota, wolandila ndi ma servos apita. Onaninso pachithunzichi momwe zinthu zonse zimayendera.

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 Mtima wa gululi ndi ESC. Ubongo, wolandila. Batire imapereka mphamvu ku ESC ndipo izi ndizoyang'anira kudyetsa njinga, komanso kuperekera zomwe zilandila kwa wolandila ndi ma servos.

 CHENJEZO tikapita kukagula, popeza ziyenera kuphatikiza izi, kuthekera kopereka ma volts 4 mpaka 6 kupatsa mphamvu servos ndi wolandila.

 Khalidwe ili limatanthauzidwa kuti BEC. (dera lochotsera batri). Mwanjira ina, dera lochotsera batiri lina lomwe liyenera kuyambitsa ma servos ndi wolandila. (zotengedwa kutali, ha)

ESC 30 A yokhala ndi BEC.

Chimene chili pachithunzicho chimachiphatikiza, ndipo malinga ndi wopanga ali ndi 1 A kuti alandire wolandila ndi ma servos.

Ma servos ali ndi mawaya atatu, abwino, osalimbikitsa (nthaka) ndi chizindikiro. Pakati pazabwino ndi zoyipa amapeza magetsi ndipo pakati pa siginecha ndi cholakwika (Pansi) amalandira malangizo pamalo omwe akuyenera kukhala nawo.

Zingwe zitatu zimatulutsanso ku ESC. Koma panthawiyi zabwino zimapereka mphamvu. Kenako wolandirayo amakhala ngati chingwe chogawira magetsi, malinga ndi chiwembu chomwe chidawonetsedwa koyambirira.

Wolandila, samalani ndi pulagi yomwe imatha kulumikizidwa m'njira yolakwika ndipo imawononga kwambiri.

Ngati titagula ESC popanda BEC (zomwe sindikuyiyikira), sitingachitire mwina koma kukweza BEC yodziyimira payokha, chifukwa chake wolandirayo ali ndi malo pamwambapa kwaulere, ndikuyika BAT.

40 A ESC yokhala ndi 4 A BEC.

Pali ESC yamphamvu kwambiri ngati yomwe ili pachithunzichi, yomwe imati SBEC (Super BEC) yomwe imaperekanso zina zamakono, 4 amps.

Kuchokera pamawonedwe amagetsi chipangizocho "chimakhala chododometsa." Yesetsani kupanga wowongolera wokhala ndi zida zapamwamba zomwe zimatenga magetsi aliwonse pakati pa 3 ndi 24 V. ndikuzisiya pakati pa 4 ndi 6 V, pafupifupi popanda kutayika, popeza kulibe kotentha, kuwonjezera, ndimphamvu zamagetsi zamagetsi (Servos ). Zonsezi, kuwonjezera pamenepo, kuti athe kulamulira mpaka 40 mikuza mawu ndi kutentha, gawo ndi batire kulamulira, configurable ndi zambiri ntchito zina…. ndi mitengo iyi… .. komanso ndi kukula kwa mayuro angapo…. zodabwitsa… ..

Kufotokozera ndege yoyeserera.

Tidzakambirana za malingaliro onse, kuti tifotokozere zofunikira zofunika. Munkhani zotsatirazi zinthuzo tikambirana mwatsatanetsatane.

Kodi tikufuna kupanga ntchentche chiyani?

Kuti tipeze seti tiyenera kudziwa zomwe ndege zathu zoyesera zidzalemera. Monga nthawi zonse, yotsika mtengo ndiyomwe, chifukwa chake, tipita ku magalamu 500-800.

Kuyambira pa izi, tisankha injini. Tanena kale kuti idzakhala yopanda mabulashi (yopanda maburashi, ili ndi zingwe zitatu), iyeneranso kuthamangira, chifukwa chake, timapita ku sitolo yomwe timakonda kwambiri, ndipo timasankha mota yomwe ili ndi mphamvu pakati pa 150 ndi 200 W Titha kuzipeza kuchokera ku mayuro 4, monga yomwe ili pachithunzichi.

Poyenera izi tiyenera kusankha ESC. Pafayilo yamagalimoto imanena kuti ndi iti yomwe ipambana pazomwe ingagwiritse ntchito ndipo nthawi zambiri imawonetsa zamakono (Amps) za ESC yolimbikitsidwa. Izi ziyenera kukhala ndizopamwamba kuposa zomwe zimafunidwa ndi mota (ndimasankha imodzi mwa 30 A, yomwe ili pachithunzicho, m'malo mwa 20A, pamayuro 1 ochulukirapo….).

 Sindinayesenso china kuchokera ku mtundu wina, koma dziwani kuti pali mitundu ina yomwe imafunikira wopanga mapulogalamu ena kuti ayikonze. Chizindikirochi chimakonzedwa ndimatani, chimachedwa koma chosavuta.

Gawo 4. Mabatire

Mabatire.
Kutsatira njirayi, tikambirana mu gawo loyambali zama batri omwe tifunikira ndege zathu zoyeserera. Tidanenapo kale kuti kupambana kwakukulu kwa ndege zamagetsi zamagetsi ndizopanga mabatire, makamaka omwe amatchedwa Li-PO.


Lifiyamu-polima batire.

Tsiku lina ndidzakupatsani gawo la "Mbiri ya ngoma" koma tsopano tiwunikirapo. Pang'onopang'ono.

Poyamba, nenani kuti ndikamanena za "batri" ndiye kuti ndikungotchula chinthu chomwe sichingathekenso kuyambiranso, ndipo ndikamanena za batire ndikutanthauza kuti ndiwowonjezera.

Mfundo zoyambira zokhudzana ndi mabatire.

Mphamvu, mphamvu yamagetsi, kapena kusiyanasiyana kwa batri (volts).
 Tonsefe timadziwa kuti batri wamba (AA mwachitsanzo) ili ndi 1.5 volts. Tikaika mabatire awiri motsatira, kuchita zomwe zimatchedwa msonkhano wosiyanasiyana, timapeza kuchuluka kwake, 3 Volts. Chabwino, batri limapangidwa ndi maselo angapo mumanja la pulasitiki. Pankhani ya mabatire a Li-PO, khungu lirilonse limakhala ndi mphamvu zamagetsi zama 3.7 volts.
 Chifukwa chake, potchula mawonekedwe amagetsi a batri la Li-PO, maselo omwe amanyamula motsatizana adzatiuza.
 Li-PO 1S: khungu limodzi, 3,7 V.
 Li-PO 2S: maselo awiri, 7,4 V.
 Li-PO 3S: maselo atatu, 11,1 V.
 Li-PO 4S: maselo anayi, 14,8 V.
Ndi zina zotero, zachizolowezi zimakhala mpaka 8S mu ndege zoyeserera.
Yang'anani pa chithunzicho, bateri iyi imadziwika kuti "3 cell = 11.1V" ndipo imagulidwa ngati 3S.

Batire ikamawonjezeka kwambiri, zingwe zimachepa kuperekera mphamvu zomwezo, koma timachepetsedwa ndi mota ndi ESC yomwe tidasankha. (pa pepala lazoyeserera zamagalimoto imalimbikitsa batri yayikulu kapena mphamvu yayikulu yamagetsi).

Mphamvu.
Mphamvu ndiye katundu, ndiye kuti, mphamvu yomwe amatha kusunga. (Tiyenera kukhala omveka bwino pankhani ya Ampere, ngati sichoncho, musanapitilize kuwerenga, werengani maphunziro aliwonse amagetsi).

 Mphamvu ya batri iliyonse imaperekedwa mu Ah kapena mAh (Amps pa ola limodzi kapena maola milliamp).

 Kodi izi zikutanthauza chiyani?

 Ngati batri pachithunzichi lili ndi 1.8 Axh kapena 1800 mAxh, imatha kupereka ma 1.8 amps (pa 11.1 volts) kwa ola limodzi.
Zikhala nthawi yayitali bwanji ngati tifunsa zowonjezeranso zapano?

 Ngati tifunsa 3.6 Amps, itenga theka la ola.
Bwanji ngati tifunsa kangapo mwamphamvu yomwe ingapereke mu ola limodzi (7.2A)?

Idzakhala kotala la ola. Ndiosavuta kumva.

Kumbukirani kuti nthawi yayitali kwambiri yomwe mota yomwe tidakonza mu gawo 3 ikufunika kuti iziyenda bwino inali pafupifupi 20 Amps.

ndiye…. ?

 Mukuganiza bwanji, kuti mota yodzaza imatulutsa batri pasanathe mphindi 5 !!!!!

Mwachizolowezi, injiniyo sikuti ikukulitsidwa, chifukwa chake titha kuwuluka ndi batireyo ndi injiniyo kwa mphindi 10 mpaka 20, zomwe ndi zomveka.

Kutulutsa kumatha kapena kuthekera kwaposachedwa kwambiri.
Kodi batire lomwe lili pamwambapa limatha kuyendetsa galimoto yomwe imakoka ma amps 200 kwamasekondi 30 ??

 Yankho ndi ayi. Mabatire a Li-PO amatha kupereka mafunde apamwamba, koma ali ndi malire, omwe ndiofunika kwambiri kuti asapitirire.

Wopanga amatidziwitsanso za izi, ndipo amafotokozedwa molingana ndi kuthekera, (C), zomwe, monga tanenera, zimatanthawuza kuthekera kwamaola ampere (kwa ife 1,8 Amps x hour).
 Mwachitsanzo, pachithunzi cham'mbuyomu tikuwona kuti akuti PULANI 20-30C. Limatanthawuza kutulutsidwa kwaposachedwa kwambiri ndi 20xC. Popeza C ndi 1,8, kutulutsa kwaposachedwa kwambiri ndi 20 × 1,8 = 36 amps.
30C imatanthawuza kutulutsa komwe sikumatha masekondi opitilira 10, komwe sikuyenera kupitirira 30x 1,8 = 54 Amps.

CHENJEZO LOPEREKA !!

Mabatire opambana kwambiriwa, monga dokotala wanga wamankhwala anganene, ali ndi zovuta, zoyipa zowopsa, ndipo ndikuti akalemedwa mopitirira muyeso kapena kuwonjezeredwa kapena kuphulika kapena kuphwanya, amatha kuwotcha / kuphulika moipa kwambiri.
Onani pa youtube pa "lipo fire" kapena "lipo explosion" ndipo mudzawona zomwe ndikutanthauza.
 
M'mutu wotsatira tiwona zowonjezera zomwe ndizofunikira kwambiri kuti mugwiritse ntchito mabatirewa ndizitsimikiziro zachitetezo ndipo tidzapereka malingaliro pakupezeka kwawo.

Ndi mitengo iyi, zaluso zamphamvu !!!

Tili ndi lingaliro, timazisintha muubongo, timakhulupirira kuti tili ndi chidziwitso, timakhulupirira kuti tili ndi kuthekera koti tichite ... kuti ndi olemera …….

Mpaka pano. Mu Chaputala I tidakambirana kuti, chifukwa cha zinthu zosiyanasiyana, mitengo pakadali pano ndiyabwino.

Chilichonse chitha kumangidwa tsopano, ndipo monga ndidanenera poyamba, ikagwa, sitimva kupweteka m'mimba.

Onani chiwonetserochi, ndiye tsogolo la ndege, yothamanga ngati helikopita, yothamanga ngati ndege, chopangira mafuta chopangira magetsi, chotetezeka, chomangika bwino .. .. inde. Zaka 10 zapitazo zinali zosatheka kupanga mtundu ngati uwu, kupatula ndalama zamphamvu.

 Lero inde, lero mutha kuyambitsa chilichonse, sindinayikepo ndalama ngakhale mayuro 60 ndipo zikuwoneka ngati china chake. Ndi gulu la ndege zamtundu wachikhalidwe zomwe zimandisangalatsa, VTOL (yolowera movutikira, ndikuganiza).

Mukukonzekera koyendetsa ndege

Potha kuwuluka mozungulira.

Mulimonse momwe mungaganizire kapena polojekiti yanu, musataye mtima, kuti chifukwa cha intaneti, chidziwitso chitha kugawidwa mosavuta ndipo ndizovuta kuchita chitukuko. Ndipo ndi mitengo iyi… ..

Gawo 5. Ma servos

Gulu la Servo.

Ndege yachitsanzo imayang'aniridwa ndikusuntha malo ena athyathyathya, omwe amasokoneza mpweya momwe tikufunira, amasunthira zida zake momwe akufunira.

 Kusunthaku kumachitika ndi zida zotchedwa ZOCHITIKA. Servo ndi makina ophatikizira omwe amaphatikiza ma elektroniki, magetsi, magiya, mkono woyenda, ndi potentiometer yomwe imauza oyang'anira malo komwe kuli mkono, kuti tiwayike momwe tingalamulire ndi lever. Kuchokera siteshoni yathu.

Makhalidwe omwe amatanthauzira servo.
Tiyeni tidutse mwachidule pazinthu zazikuluzikulu za ma servos, popanda zambiri, kuti tipeze lingaliro.

 Mphamvu. (makokedwe).
Mphamvu ya servo nthawi zambiri imayesedwa mu kilos x cm. Zolemba zazifupi zimalankhula za Kg mwachindunji, koma akunena za makokedwe, makokedwe. Kuti mufotokoze izi mwachangu, nenani kuti ngati servo ndi 3 Kg x cm imatha kukweza kulemera kwa 3 Kilograms ngati titaika katunduwo sentimita imodzi kuchokera kulamulira.
3 kg servo. 3 Kg x cm. = 3 kilos x 1 cm.

Tikaika mkono wa masentimita awiri, titha kukweza ma kilogalamu 2 okha.
Servo wa 3 Kg x cm. = 1,5 kilos x 2 cm.

Kulemera (Kulemera):
Kungokhala momwe servo imalemera.
Malinga ndi kulemera kwake ndi gawo lina, amagawidwa m'magulu akuluakulu, ma miniservos, ma servos wamba, ma servos ena owonjezera, ngakhale maguluwa atha kusintha ndi sitolo.
Pali ma servos ochokera magalamu angapo mpaka mazana angapo.

 Liwiro (liwiro):
Limatanthauza liwiro lalitali kwambiri momwe olamulira amayendera.
Tikulankhula za liwiro pakati pa 7 ndi 25 zikwi za mphindikati kuti musinthe mzere 60º.

Analogi / digito:
Mitundu yonseyi imagwirizana ndi 100% yolandila, digito ndiyachangu komanso yolondola, koma yokwera mtengo kwambiri ndipo imadya batiri ambiri.

Malinga ndi magiya (zida).
Zida zitha kupangidwa ndi zida zosiyanasiyana za pulasitiki, mpweya wa kaboni, chitsulo, titaniyamu, pakati pa ena. Mtundu uliwonse ndi zabwino zake ndi zovuta zake.
 
Mwachidule, kodi timafunikira chiyani?
Tikufuna kuwuluka ndege zowala bwino, zopanda kuwongolera pang'ono ndi makina ochepa, kuti tichite zoyeserera popanda kutentha mutu. Chifukwa chake, tichita chimodzimodzi monga tidaganizira zopangira ma injini, tigula mwayiwu. 

Kugula kwakukulu ndi servo wabuluu pachithunzichi. Itha kugulidwa kuchokera ku 1.5 euros ndipo ili ndi magiya apulasitiki, imalemera magalamu 9, liwiro labwino ndipo imalonjeza kukweza ma 1.5 Kilogalamu ndi mkono wa 1 sentimita. Zokwanira. Ndipo ngati chiphalaphalacho chaphwanyidwa, ndimachotsa mota poyeserera kwina, popanda kuwawa.

 Zingwe zomwe zimalumikizidwa pa shavo shaft nthawi zonse zimabwera nazo, koma zida zina zotsika mtengo kwambiri zimafunika kuthana ndi ma aileron, chiwongolero ndi chikepe. Zina zikuwonetsedwa pachithunzichi. Titha kudzipangira tokha ndi pepala la aluminiyamu kapena zinthu zina, koma ngati atigulitsa mayunitsi 10 pa yuro imodzi, tiyeni tipereke maluso athu kuzinthu zina.

Phunzirani kabukhu kakang'ono ka opanga, ndikuwona mayankho osiyanasiyana. Amene ndimamukonda kwambiri ndi amene ali pachithunzipa. Foloko ya pulasitiki ndi bulaketi yapulasitiki yafunkha.
Pali zothetsera zotsogola kwambiri, ndodo zosunthika ndi mchimake, malo olumikizira mpira, mabwalo a kaboni fiber, chilichonse chomwe tikufuna, koma sitiyenera kuyiwala mzimu wazomwe zatchulidwazi.

Ulalo wotsatira ukuwonetsa kuwonongeka kwa kayendedwe ka servo, komwe mukufuna kudziwa.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1udNIuniufU

Wikipedia imatipatsanso zambiri:

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Servo

 Servos, zida zosunthika.

Kusiya ndege yachitsanzo, servo ndichinthu chodabwitsa pakupanga maloboti ndi misonkhano ikuluikulu yomwe tikufuna kuyendetsa. Monga tanenera, pali mitundu yambiri, yokhala ndi zosawerengeka, zina zazikulu ngati chikhadabo ndipo zina zomwe zimatha kudula chala ndi msomali ndi chilichonse. (!!! samalani ndi zoyeserera !!!).

 Pali zambiri zidziwitso za servos pa intaneti. Ma Servos nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndimayendedwe pafupifupi 60º, koma oyimilira ndi 180º. Ndi zosintha zazing'ono, amatha kukhala omasuka ndikugwiritsa ntchito kuyendetsa magudumu.

 Ndikosavuta kupanga ma circuits amagetsi kuti azigwira, kuphatikiza ngati 555 kapena ndi ma microcontroller.

 Pachithunzicho ndikuwonetsa servo yapakati ya kuyesera kwanga kwa VTOL, ndi 15 Kg x cm ndipo imasuntha 180º kuti igwire mapiko oyenda. (Tcheru ndikuthamangira m'mphepete mwa ma servos, titha kuthyola poyimilira).

  Pomaliza, servo imalola ntchito zopanda malire ndipo ndikuyembekeza kuti ndiyambitsa mndandanda posachedwa kuti tichite kuyesa kosavuta kwamagetsi ndi misonkhano. Ndipo ndi mitengo iyi… ..

Gawo 6. Zida zowonjezera

Zida zina zofunika.

Chaja ya batri.

Tiyesa zida zingapo, zina zofunikira kuti tizitha kuchita izi. Tidachenjeza kale pamutu 4 momwe mabatire a LIPO angakhalire owopsa. Zomwe tingaike pachiwopsezo pakukhala ndi mabatire ndipo zathu zili m'manja.

 Njira zina zosakhwima kapena zochitika zimatuluka ndipo, zachidziwikire, ngozi, monga maseketi afupikitsa, kuphwanya, kugogoda kapena kuphulika. Chifukwa chake, kuti muwongolere kuyang'anira kwa batri ndi kuyisamalira, charger inayake ndiyofunikira.

Malingaliro atha kukhala omwe ali pachithunzicho. Mtengo wake ukhoza kukhala mozungulira ma euro 25. Chaja iyenera kuphatikiza magwiridwe antchito moyenera mukamayendetsa. Monga tidanenera pamutu wa mabatire, awa amapangidwa ndi ma cell.Kuti izi zitheke, charger imayenera kudziwa chindapusa cha selo iliyonse yomwe imapanga paketi kapena batiri. Mukayang'ana chithunzi cham'mbuyomu, cholumikizira ndi zingwe zambiri ndi mabowo apakati omwe akuwonetsa kwachaja momwe njirayi ikuyendera.

 Ndikofunikira kuwerenga malangizowo moyenera ndikuwamvetsetsa.

 Chizindikiro china ndi kuchuluka kwamaselo omwe amathandizira, omwe ali pachithunzicho amatha kufikira mabatire a 6S (maselo 6).

 Ma charger awa siabwino kokha pamabatire a LIPO, amatilola kuti tilipire mitundu yambiri yamabatire. Zindikirani chifukwa chake kasinthidwe.

Pachithunzichi titha kuwona paketi yopanga yokha yama cell 5 a LIFEPO4, ukadaulo watsopano wokhala ndi zotetezedwa poyerekeza ndi LIPO. Mutha kuwona kulumikizana kwapakatikati kuti charger ichite bwino. 

Ma department a R&D amafakitole aku China LIPO akuyenera kukhala owopsa. Batiri lomwe ndimagula likuti mukapita kukalipiritsa, siyani pansi pa konkriti ndipo musasiye chilichonse chomwe chingapse patali mamita 3 mozungulira. Izi zikutanthauza kuti, mukapita kwa wopezerera anzawo, ndiye kuti wopanga amatenga udindo wake pazotheka, koma zimapereka lingaliro la kuganiza….

Matumba achitetezo.

 Pali zowonjezera zomwe zingapewe kapena kuchepetsa kuwonongeka kwa zophulika zomwe zingachitike, ndi matumba oti mulowetse mabatire (LIPO thumba lonyamula lotetezedwa). Amalimbikitsidwa kwambiri, ponyamula ndi kunyamula.

Mita yamagetsi.

Chida ichi ndichopatsa chidwi chifukwa chimatilola kuti tichite zoyeserera ndi chitsimikiziro.

Ndi DC ammeter mpaka 130 A !!. Mtengo wake uli mozungulira ma euro 20. Imakhala ndi nkhaniyi mkati mwake ndipo imatiuzanso zamphamvu ndikuwononga.

Kulumikizana kuti mupime pakati pa batri ndi ESC.

Chipangizochi sichiyenera kukonzedwa mundege, ngati wina angaganize.

 Mwakutero, ngati tilemekeza pazipita voteji (volts) pomwe ESC ndi mota zimagwira ntchito, sitiyenera kukhala ndi mavuto pazinthu izi. ESC nthawi zambiri imakhala ndi chitetezo chambiri (Amps).

Tiyeni tibwerere ku nkhani yovuta. Mabatire. Ndi chipangizochi tidziwa pazomwe tikufuna kwambiri. Izi ndizofunikira kwambiri, monga tafotokozera mu chaputala 4, pewani kuyandikira nthawi yayitali yotulutsira magazi.

 Kuphatikiza pakadali pano, chipangizochi chimatiuza mphamvu zomwe tidadya kuchokera pa batiri. Izi ndi zabwino kudziwa chifukwa titha kuwerengera kutalika kwa ulendowu. Imayesa mavuto ndi gawo lina, monga tidanenera.

Ntchito zina zitha kukhala zowunika magawo amagetsi amagetsi a dzuwa (samverani mphamvu yamagetsi). Sindikulonjeza chilichonse, koma ndiyeneranso kuyesa zamtunduwu.

Zida zina.

Zoyendetsa (zoyendetsa).

Zida zina zofunika.

Chaja ya batri.

Tiyesa zida zingapo, zina zofunikira kuti tizitha kuchita izi. Tidachenjeza kale pamutu 4 momwe mabatire a LIPO angakhalire owopsa. Zomwe tingaike pachiwopsezo pakukhala ndi mabatire ndipo zathu zili m'manja.

 Njira zina zosakhwima kapena zotuluka zimatuluka ndipo mwangozi, monga ma circuits amafupika, kuphwanya, kumenyedwa kapena kuphulika. Chifukwa chake, kuti muwongolere kuyang'anira kwa batri ndi kukonza kwake, charger inayake ndiyofunikira.

Malingaliro atha kukhala omwe ali pachithunzicho. Mtengo wake ukhoza kukhala mozungulira ma euro 25. Chaja iyenera kuphatikiza magwiridwe antchito panthawi yakulipiritsa. Monga tidanenera pamutu wama batri, awa amapangidwa ndi ma cell.Kuti izi zitheke, charger imayenera kudziwa chindapusa cha selo iliyonse yomwe imapanga paketi kapena batiri. Mukayang'ana chithunzi cham'mbuyomu, cholumikizira ndi zingwe zambiri ndi mabowo apakati omwe akuwonetsa kwachaja momwe njirayi ikuyendera.

 Ndikofunikira kuwerenga malangizowo moyenera ndikuwamvetsetsa.

 Chizindikiro china ndi kuchuluka kwamaselo omwe amathandizira, omwe ali pachithunzicho amatha kufikira mabatire a 6S (maselo 6).

 Ma charger awa siabwino kokha pamabatire a LIPO, amatilola kuti tilipire mitundu yambiri yamabatire. Zindikirani chifukwa chake kasinthidwe.

Pachithunzichi titha kuwona paketi yopanga yokha yama cell 5 a LIFEPO4, ukadaulo watsopano wokhala ndi zotetezedwa poyerekeza ndi LIPO. Mutha kuwona kulumikizana kwapakatikati kuti charger ichite bwino. 

Ma department a R&D amafakitole aku China LIPO akuyenera kukhala owopsa. Batiri lomwe ndimagula likuti mukapita kukalipiritsa, siyani pansi pa konkriti ndipo musasiye chilichonse chomwe chingapse patali mamita 3 mozungulira. Izi zikutanthauza kuti, mukapita kwa wopezerera anzawo, ndiye kuti wopanga amatenga udindo wake pazotheka, koma zimapereka lingaliro la kuganiza….

Matumba achitetezo.

 Pali zowonjezera zomwe zingapewe kapena kuchepetsa kuwonongeka kwa zophulika zomwe zingachitike, ndi matumba oti mulowetse mabatire (LIPO thumba lonyamula lotetezedwa). Amalimbikitsidwa kwambiri, ponyamula ndi kunyamula.

Mita yamagetsi.

Chida ichi ndichopatsa chidwi chifukwa chimatilola kuti tichite zoyeserera ndi chitsimikiziro.

Ndi DC ammeter mpaka 130 A !!. Mtengo wake uli mozungulira ma euro 20. Kodi nkhaniyi ili mkati ndipo imatiuzanso zamphamvu ndi zakumwa.

Kulumikizana kuti mupime pakati pa batri ndi ESC.

Chipangizochi sichiyenera kukonzedwa mundege, ngati wina angaganize.

 Mwakutero, ngati tilemekeza pazipita voteji (volts) pomwe ESC ndi mota zimagwira ntchito, sitiyenera kukhala ndi mavuto pazinthu izi. ESC nthawi zambiri imakhala ndi chitetezo chambiri (Amps).

Tiyeni tibwerere ku nkhani yovuta. Mabatire. Ndi chipangizochi tidziwa pazomwe tikufuna kwambiri. Izi ndizofunikira kwambiri, monga tafotokozera mu chaputala 4, pewani kuyandikira nthawi yayitali yotulutsira magazi.

 Kuphatikiza pakadali pano, chipangizochi chimatiuza mphamvu zomwe tidadya kuchokera pa batiri. Izi ndi zabwino kudziwa chifukwa titha kuwerengera kutalika kwa ulendowu. Imayesa mavuto ndi zina, monga tidanenera.

Ntchito zina zitha kukhala zowunika magawo amagetsi amagetsi a dzuwa (samverani mphamvu yamagetsi). Sindikulonjeza chilichonse, koma ndiyeneranso kuyesa zamtunduwu.

Zida zina.

Zoyendetsa (zoyendetsa).

Zina mwa ndege zoyeserera zomwe sindinayankhepo pano ndizoyendetsa. Monga nthawi zonse, tidzakhala othandiza, tigula yomwe angavomereze posankha injini. Gulani angapo, chifukwa amavutika ndikuphwanya pafupipafupi.

Zotsogola, zimapeza zingapo ndikuyesa momwe injini imagwirira ntchito ndi iliyonse, mita ikuwonetsedwa m'gawo lapitalo.

Mawilo.

Ndikulangizanso mtundu wamagudumu, ndi omwe ali pachithunzipa, ndiotsika mtengo komanso opangidwa ndi thovu lakuda lomwe lili ndi gawo lapakati la pulasitiki, lomwe limakhazikika bwino ndipo limakhala lowala kwambiri. Ma diamondi ovomerezeka pazomwe tiziuluka ndi pafupifupi masentimita 4 kapena 5.

Posachedwa… ..

Ndine wofunitsitsa kuposa inu kuti muyambe kupanga ndege zoyeserera. Zimatsalira kwa ine kuti ndiyankhule za zida zomwe tifunikire komanso kapangidwe kake, ndipo tiukira posachedwa. 

Zina mwa ndege zoyeserera zomwe sindinayankhepo pano ndizoyendetsa. Monga nthawi zonse, tidzakhala othandiza, tigula yomwe angavomereze posankha injini. Gulani angapo, chifukwa amavutika ndikuphwanya pafupipafupi.

Otsogola amapeza zingapo ndikuyesa momwe injini imagwirira ntchito ndi iliyonse, mita ikuwonetsedwa m'gawo lapitalo.

Mawilo.

Ndilimbikitsanso mtundu wamagudumu, ndi omwe ali pachithunzipa, ndiotsika mtengo komanso opangidwa ndi thovu lakuda lomwe lili ndi gawo lapakati la pulasitiki, lomwe limatchinga bwino mabampu ndipo ndilopepuka. Ma diamondi ovomerezeka pazomwe tiziuluka ndi pafupifupi masentimita 4 kapena 5.

Posachedwa… ..

Ndine wofunitsitsa kuposa inu kuti muyambe kupanga ndege zoyeserera. Zimatsalira kwa ine kuti ndiyankhule za zida zomwe tifunikire komanso kapangidwe kake, ndipo tiukira posachedwa. 

Gawo 7. Zipangizo

Zipangizozo.
Monga tanena kale mu chaputala china cha mndandandawu, zinthu zambiri zasintha mzaka zaposachedwa mu ndege zoyeserera. Tikupereka positiyi ku zida zomwe zidzagwiritsidwe ntchito.

Zowonjezera polystyrenes. Wotsutsa.
Zolemba za nyenyezi zowotchera mwachangu zimatchedwa depron ®. Izi ndizowonjezera polystyrene yomwe pambuyo pake idapatsidwa pepala. Kugwiritsa ntchito kwake koyamba ndikutsekemera kwamatenthedwe, ndipo imagwiritsidwanso ntchito popanga ma trays azakudya. Kuyambira pano, musataye chilichonse.

 Choposa zonse ndi chomwe chimabwera ndi filimu yoyera ya pulasitiki yoyera mbali zonse ziwiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kumaliza bwino, koyenera kujambula. Zitha kutentha kwambiri ndipo zimadulidwa mosavuta ndi tsamba.
Nthawi zambiri imapezeka m'makulidwe a 3 ndi 6 millimeter.
Mutha kupeza mapulani ambiri opanga mitundu yonse ya ndege zamtundu.
Nali tsamba losangalatsa la mitundu yosavuta, yokhala ndi mapulani ambiri.
http://www.rcgroups.com/forums/showthread.php?t=550372

ndiyeno kanema wakujambula akuwuluka m'modzi wawo.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wck31GA-Vec

Ndikukulimbikitsani kuti mumange imodzi, mutatha maola angapo ndi pulogalamu yoyeseza ya PC, simudzakhala ndi zovuta kuzichita.
Pali mavidiyo ambiri okhudzana ndi zomangamanga pa youtube.

Muthanso kuwona kugwiritsa ntchito izi m'buku ili:

http://issuu.com/publishgold/docs/f4man/12

Kuti mupeze depron, choyenera ndikuti mugule chochuluka pakati pa abwenzi angapo. Wogawa ndi:
http://www.pinturas-alp.com/ficha0780.php
http://www.depron-daemmplatte.eu/index.php?id=31&L=3

Sindinagulepo m'malo amenewa, ndimagula mumzinda wanga ndipo ndiokwera mtengo kwambiri. Muthanso kugwiritsa ntchito ma adilesi amasitolo omwe adapatsidwa gawo loyambalo, ngakhale ali mbale, sindikudziwa ngati angatumize pamitengo yotsika mtengo.

Yesani m'malo osungira zida zomangira ndi utoto.

Zida zina zomwe ndizosavuta kupeza ndimatumba otetezera kutentha, koma pakulimba kwambiri, amatchedwa STYRODUR, STYROFOAM. Izi zimadulidwa ndi waya wotentha, ndipo mapiko ndi zinthu zina zimatha kupangidwanso, koma njirayi ndiyovuta kwambiri.

Mutha kuwona maluso muvidiyo yotsatirayi.

Nayi mipiringidzo ingapo yodula ndi kapangidwe kake.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sG-s58e50zI&feature=related

Mpweya CHIKWANGWANI.
CHIKWANGWANI cha kaboni nthawi zambiri chimagulidwa mu ndodo zamitundu yosiyanasiyana. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kulimbikitsa mapiko opangidwa ndi depron. Kawirikawiri milimita 3 kapena 4 imagwiritsidwa ntchito. 

Zitsulo za kaboni, zolimbitsa mapiko ndi zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popangira ndodo 

Palinso zinthu zina zomwe zingalowe m'malo mwake, monga fiberglass yama khungu kapena machubu apulasitiki, koma ndikuwonjezeka. Ndipita kwa "onse kwa zana" kuti ndikawone ngati ndodo zomwe amagulitsa zingakhale zofunikira. Koma sikoyenera kukhala kovuta kwambiri mwina. Ndi 1 yuro tili ndi ndodo mita imodzi yomwe imatipatsa ndege ziwiri zamtundu.
Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito m'mizere yaying'ono pazitsulo zolamulira.

Matepi omatira.


Chombocho chimamamatira bwino ndi tepi iliyonse yomatira. Ndikupangira chisindikizo choyera ngati choyambirira, pa aluminiyamu tidzagwiritsa ntchito tepi yama thovu awiriawiri. Matepi ena omwe mungagule ngati mungawapeze ndi fiberglass tepi yolimbitsa ndi tepi yabwino.

Zotayidwa.
Aluminium ndi chitsulo chomwe chingagwiritsidwe ntchito kupanga ziwalo zina za ndege zofananira pakafunika kuuma kapena kukana kowonjezera.
Pachithunzicho muli ndi zinthu zingapo zamaaluminium. Tili nazo kuchokera kumitengo ya mop, milingo, mbale ndi machubu ang'onoang'ono ogulidwa m'malo ogulitsira, zotsalira zazitsulo zamatabwa. …. Pomwe tikayesa ndege zathu zachitsanzo, ndigwiritsa ntchito zotayidwa m'thupi lalikulu komanso m'malo ena. Chifukwa chake kuti mupeze zotayidwa.
Monga nthawi zonse, zinyalala za m'mafakitale monga ndanenera kale, mwachitsanzo ukalipentala wa aluminium, zitha kutiganiza kuti ndi zopangira kwa nthawi yayitali.

Mbiri:
Ma polystyren otambasulidwa akhala nafe kwazaka zambiri, ndipo akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito mu ndege zoyeserera kwanthawi yayitali, makamaka popanga mapiko. Mapiko otambalala a polystyrene nthawi zambiri ankakhala ndi matabwa ndipo mkati mwake amalimbitsidwa ndi ma slats a paini. Izi zinali zofunikira chifukwa kuti tiziuluka ndi injini zoyaka zamkati, pamafunika kukhazikika ndi kukula kwa ndege zoyeserera.
Masiku ano, chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa mafuta komwe magetsi amagetsi amatanthawuzira, polystyrene yowonjezeredwa itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo onse a ndege zoyeserera, potero kukwaniritsa ndege zosavuta komanso zosavuta.

Ndege zachikale zapangidwa kale ndi matabwa a balsa, omwe ndi mitengo yopepuka kwambiri yomwe ilipo, ndipo amalimbitsa ndi mitengo yolimba, monga paini kapena beech. Kum'mwera kwa Spain mitengo ya alcibara idagwiritsidwanso ntchito, zomwe ndizoyipa kwambiri kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito, koma nthawi zina zinali zokhazokha zomwe zidalipo.

Pachithunzichi titha kuwona mapiko opangidwa ndi ma slats a paini ndi nthiti za balsa zamatabwa, zokutidwa ndi pepala zokutidwa ndi varnish ya nitrocellulose. Kwa iwo omwe amakonda mitundu, abwino. Koma ndizovuta kwambiri.

Gawo 8. Kapangidwe ka ndege yachitsanzo

Kapangidwe ka ndege zachitsanzo.

Mawu awiri akukhudzidwa pankhani yopanga ndege, monga momwe ankhondo akale amati:

 »Ndi mota, zimauluka mpaka tsache», ndipo

 "Ndege zenizeni zenizeni, ndege zoyera, ndiyoti ziwuluke"

Kodi amatanthauzanji pochita? Mudzaphunzira izi pakapita nthawi.

 Kodi tichita chiyani? Chabwino, msewu wapakati. Tidzakhala ndi injini zokwanira, koma kuyang'anira zina mwazomwe zimapangidwira.

Pakadali pano, ndikupanga kwakale, tilemekeza malamulo oyambira ndipo chilichonse chiyenera kugwira ntchito.

Ndapeza tsamba lomwe limapangitsa izi kukhala zochulukirapo.

http://www.icmm.csic.es/jaalonso/velec/dise.htm

Tsamba lonse ndi:

http://www.icmm.csic.es/jaalonso/velec/

Ndikuvomereza kuti ndikuphunzira zambiri patsamba lino.

Wolemba wake amalemba mwadongosolo, mwamphamvu komanso mosamalitsa mwasayansi mbali zonse zomwe ziyenera kuwerengedwa kuti ndege yamagetsi iuluka. Makulidwe, magwiridwe antchito, ma injini, mabatire ... Zowonadi, buku labwino kwambiri lakuyambitsa kwa ndege zamagetsi zamagetsi. Zikomo kwambiri chifukwa chopereka.

Ndi tonsefe omwe tili mu ikkaro, ndi njala ya chidziwitso yomwe tili nayo, timiza seva yawo ndi maulendo.

Tiyeni tiyambe kukweza ndege zachitsanzo.

Kodi ndi ndege yanji yomwe ndikufuna kupanga, ndikufuna kuti ikhale ndi mawonekedwe otani?

Ndikufuna kuti ikhale yolimba, kuti ikhazikike, ikhale ndi mphamvu zambiri komanso kasinthidwe kosankha kwamkati.

Iyenera kukhala yofunikira ngati mphunzitsi, koma osati yofunikira ngakhale, popeza tidayeserera mu pulogalamu yoyeseza ya PC.
Ndege zambiri zoyesera zimatulutsa zida zofikira ndipo motero zimakulitsa mphamvu (zolemera kwambiri), zimayambitsidwa pamanja kuti zizinyamuka ndikufika pamimba.

 M'dziko langa, ine ndimakhala kumwera, nthaka ndiyolimba, chifukwa chake, ndiyikapo zida zofikira pamenepo. Komanso, kodi pali china chilichonse chokongola kuposa kuti ndege ikunyamuka ndikufika?

Chifukwa chake tikupempha kuti ndege ikhale ndi zida zofikira, zopangidwa ndi aluminiyumu, injini ikakonzedwa kumbuyo kwa mapiko, ikukankha, motero tidzapewa kuthyola zoyendetsa zingapo koyambirira. Onani zomwe ndikutanthauza ponena za komwe kuli magalimoto:

Mapiko azikhala otsika, (ndege yoyenda bwino ndi mapiko apamwamba) kuti athe kufikira thupi lonse ndikutha kuchita zoyipa. Izi zimasokoneza bata, koma ndidati, ngati tidachita nawo zoyeserera, sipayenera kukhala zovuta pakuchita.

(Wina akhoza kukhala akuwopa kuti izi zitha kutha ngati mutu wa Simpsons momwe amalola Homer kupanga galimoto, ndikumira fakitaleyo. Kuti titsimikize, tigwiritsa ntchito mwambi woyamba).

Zomwe zaphatikizidwa ndi positiyi ndi chikwangwani chomwe chili ndi kugwiritsa ntchito njira zomwe zawonetsedwa patsamba la Mr. Alonso, kuti zikhale zosavuta kupanga, komanso koposa zonse, kuwona momwe mawonekedwe amtundu wa ndege amasinthira ndi magawo osiyanasiyana omwe titha kusintha.

Monga ndemanga, yang'anani zamkhutu za kuchuluka kwa mphamvu mpaka kulemera komwe ndimapeza ndi data yomwe ndalowa (turnigy 1600 180 w motor), ndine woyang'anira ziphunzitso zonse zapangidwe. Nachi zitsanzo cha kugwiritsa ntchito mawu oyamba. "Ndi mota imawulukira ku tsache".

Ndege yomwe ndikuti ndipange izitha kuuluka modekha monga wophunzitsira, koma idzakhala ndi injini yosungira zomwe zingachitike, ndipo zowonadi, idzauluka.

Mu positi yotsatira tidzapita pang'onopang'ono ndikupanga magawo.

Zinandichitikira kuti ndifotokoze mu chaputala pazinthu, kuti ndizosangalatsa kukhala ndi tepi yolumikizira yolumikizana kawiri. Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuyika kapeti.

Chinthu china chosangalatsa ndichonso zomatira za velcro. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kusungitsa zinthu za ndege yachitsanzo, ndikuti athe kuzichotsa nthawi iliyonse yomwe tafuna.

Kutulutsa kwa velcro wokutira, pafupifupi madola awiri, kukweza ndege 1000, China chikhalire.

Chitsanzo chokonzekera wolandila ndi chidutswa cha velcro.

Gawo 9. Kumanga Ikkaro001

Kumanga IKKARO 001.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti mwamanga iliyonse ya ndege zomwe zawonetsedwa m'mbuyomu. Ndiosavuta kuwuluka. Monga ndanenera poyamba, cholinga chake ndikupanga zida zoyesera zokhala ndi mwayi wopitiliza kuyesa zina zambiri, kuti zigwirizane ndi mzimu watsambali.

Ndili ndi mtundu wa IKKARO001 womwe wamangidwa pafupifupi, cholinga changa chinali choyesa asanayambe kuwonetsa mapangidwe ake, koma ndikudalira, mavuto omwe sangathetsere sangayambike.

Ndikadakondanso kugwiritsa ntchito zida zopezeka mosavuta, koma pamapeto pake sindinathe kuchita popanda depron. Zina mwa mayankho ngati ndizoyambirira.

Pambuyo pake ndikulemba motsatira, ndikuwonetsa mamangidwe azigawo zosiyanasiyana.

Ndisanayambe, ndikufuna kukuchenjezani kuti zinthu siziyenera kuchitika momwe ndimawawonetsera, ndikufuna kuti izi zikhale zowongolera zokha.

 Zomwe ndikufuna ndikuti mufinyanire luso lanu komanso kuthekera kwanu kupanga zatsopano, pogwiritsa ntchito zomwe aliyense ali nazo, ndikuphunzira kuphatikiza zida zosiyanasiyana, kufunafuna mayankho anu. Umu ndi momwe mumaphunzirira.

Fuselage.

Fuselage ndiye gawo lapakati pa ndege. Thupi.

Pa fuselage yomwe ndidanena kale kuti ndimafuna kugwiritsa ntchito aluminium. Ndidali m'sitolo yayikulu mulingo wazinthu zomwe zidalonjeza. Zinali zokwanira 1 euro, chifukwa chake ndidagula mayunitsi awiri. Achi China amayendetsa zinthuzo kwambiri kotero kuti m'malo mwa aluminiyamu zimawoneka ngati pepala. Choipa ngati tikufuna kuchigwiritsa ntchito pamalo omanga, koma choyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pa ndege yathu.

chithunzi cha magulu awiriwa.

Maguluwa ali ndi gawo lopangidwa ndi mtanda, limagwiranso ntchito moyenera, ndipo ndibwinoko, ngati mungapeze limodzi lokhala ndi magawo anayi pamtengo wabwino.

Pachithunzichi muli njira yomwe iyenera kudula. Posachedwa, ndikwaniritsa malingalirowa mwatsatanetsatane. Chigawo ndi sentimita.

Kuti mucheke, mutha kuchita zinthu ziwiri, kugwiritsa ntchito macheka achitsulo kapena kugwiritsa ntchito tsamba lokhazikika, kuyika pamwamba ndikugwiritsa ntchito zotengera za aluminiyamu, kuipinda kangapo ndi chizindikirocho ndikuigawanitsa chifukwa cha mawu omwe timayambitsa. Ntchitoyi ndi yoopsa, funsani thandizo ndikugwiritsa ntchito magolovesi. Kuti mugwiritse ntchito odulirawo, nthawi zonse tsamba laling'ono, lotsekedwa ndi kudula ndi dzanja lothandizira kumbuyo komwe kudulako kumapita, monga komwe kumachepetsa ham kapena kunola pensulo ndi mpeni.

Itha kudulidwanso ndi ubweya, koma muyenera kusamala kuti musapundule.

(Chithunzichi chikuwonetsa dzanja langa lina malinga ndi malamulo achitetezo, koma ndili nacho pakamera.)

Ingonena kuti mbiri ya mulingo, tikangochotsa pulasitikiyo, imalemera magalamu 52, koma itha kupirira mphamvu pakati pamapeto ake a 2 Kilograms osasunthika, monga zikuwonetsedwa pazithunzi zotsatirazi.

Potsatira dongosolo lomwe likuphatikizidwa, mutha kupanganso mawonekedwe a mchira, wopingasa komanso wolimba. kuti muzimangirire mutha kugwiritsa ntchito tepi yolumikizira mbali ziwiri kapena guluu winawake. Ndinawapanga ndi 5 mm depron, chifukwa anali phukusi lotsala, amatha kupanga 3 mm depron. kapena ndi thireyi yodyetsera, popeza ndi malo ang'onoang'ono. Mu positi yotsatira, tipanganso malo owongolera ndipo makamaka, cholumikizira chosinthika.

Sindikudziwa ngati ndanena kale, koma si zomatira zonse zomwe zimayenera kuphatikizidwa ndi polystyrene yonse. Chitani mayeso pasanapite nthawi:

Gawo 10. Kukhazikika ndi chiwongolero

KUMANGA IKKARO 001, KULIMBIKITSA NDI KUTHANDIZA.

Tribute to tecob, (Obsolete technology), wailesi yoyang'anira kuyambira 1937. (POPULAR MECHANICS). Pafupifupi chopatsilira chonyamula.

Mchira.

Kupitiliza ndikumanga, tsopano tiwonetsa momwe zidutsazo zimapangidwira.

Ma tempuleti omwe ali pamzerawo amasindikizidwa kukula kwenikweni. Pepala limadulidwa ndikuyika mbale yothira, yolembedwa pambale ndikudulidwa ndi chodulira, mothandizidwa ndi wolamulira wachitsulo.

Chotsatira, tikakhala ndi zidutswa za mchira ndi malo osunthira, tipanga cholumikizira chosinthika.

Kuti chiwongolero ndi chopingasa chokhazikika chizizungulira popanda mavuto, tipanga timipando tingapo kuti titseke mbali yolumikizirana pakati pa malo okhazikika ndi mafoni. Chithunzi chotsatirachi chikuwonetsa njira ndi zotsatira zake.

Tsopano tipanga mgwirizano wazinthu zokhazikika komanso zoyenda ndi njira ziwiri. Zonsezi ndizovomerezeka, zimatengera zida zomwe muli nazo. Ndagwiritsa ntchito njira yowongoka ndi ina yopingasa, kuti mutha kuwona zonsezi.

Njira 1.

Tepi yomatira yolumikizira magawo awiri. (Ndapanga dzina ili pompano).

Zikwangwani zimapangidwa ndi nsalu, mizere iwiri idadulidwa ndikudutsa ndikutsika mosinthana, kenako ndikumata ndi guluu wamatabwa.

Kuti muchite izi ndi tepi yomatira, zidutswa zina zimakonzedwa ndikutsatizana wina ndi mnzake m'chigawo chapakati cha mbali yomata.

ndiye amasonkhana monga chithunzi.

Olumikizira omwe amachokera ndi othandiza kwambiri ngati chovala cha hinge, popeza mawonekedwe osunthira nthawi zonse amakhala mtunda wofanana kuchokera kumtunda wokhazikika. Ngati mugwiritsanso ntchito tepi yomata yokhala ndi ma fiberglass othandizira monga omwe ali pachithunzicho, zotsatira zake ndizolumikizana kwambiri.

Njira 2 ndikungoyika chidutswa chowonekera cha fixo kapena chisindikizo choyera kapena chamtundu utali pamphambano wa mawonekedwe awiriwo, mbali zonse ziwiri.

Tepi iyenera kuyikidwa ndi mawonekedwe osandulika pachithunzicho, kuti mayendedwe ake azitsatira. 

Njirayi ili ndi vuto lomwe mawonekedwe ake amapatukana ndipo ndikofunikira kuyang'anitsitsa nthawi ndi nthawi kuti isagawanike.

Zachidziwikire kuti padzakhala njira zambiri zolumikizira, osakaniza awiri am'mbuyomu. Chitani zoyesera !!

KUKONZANITSA KUSANGALALA KWA ZOPHUNZITSA.

Pofuna kukhazikika pa aluminium fuselage, tidzagwiritsa ntchito tepi yamagawo awiri, monga chithunzi chithunzichi.

Kuti tipeze okhazikika, titha kugwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe a T omwe fuselage imabweretsa mchira, ndipo tidzapanga cheke chapakati chakumtunda, ndipo tidzakulowetsani mu fuselage, kukonza ndi guluu pang'ono (werengani zomwe zanenedwa za zomwe zimayikidwa m'mbuyomu).

Apa tili ndi mchira wokwera.

NDI CHITETEZO NTHAWI ZONSE ..

Kuti mugwiritse ntchito odulirawo, nthawi zonse tsamba mpaka pazomwe zimafunikira, zotsekedwa ndikudula ndi dzanja lothandizira kumbuyo komwe kudulako, monga yomwe imadula ham kapena imalola pensulo ndi mpeni.

Nthawi zonse muzivala magolovesi oteteza ndi magalasi oteteza thupi.

Ngati mupita kukagwira ntchito ndi zomata, pewani malo ogwirira ntchito bwino, kapena chitani panja. Makamaka ngati malangizowo abwera mu Chitchaina ndipo simudziwa chilankhulo kapena ngati abwera m'Chisipanishi ndipo tikulimbikitsidwa. Komanso gwiritsani magolovesi oyenerera pazochitikazi.

Gawo 11. Mapiko

Zamgululi KUMANGA PAPHIMBO.

Kuti timange mapiko timayamba ndi rectangle wa 6 mm. Makulidwe ake ndi omwe akuwonetsedwa mu fayilo ya pdf yolumikizidwa pamwambapa.

Makulidwe anga ndi amenewo chifukwa ndinali ndi zotsalira za kukula kwake. Ngati mukufuna kusintha, pangani masamu kuti dera lonselo lisachepe.

Tiyenera kukhotetsa mbale ya depron kuti ngati titagunda mapiko pamalo aliwonse, ndi mpeni woyika mbali ya ndege, kupindika uku kumawoneka, komwe kumapanga arc pang'ono.

Kufotokozera chifukwa chomwe timachitira izi, mu positi yotsatira.

Kuyankhula mosasunthika, mukamapereka mokhota, imawuluka pang'onopang'ono ndipo ndege imatha kulemera kwambiri, m'malo mwake, ngati tisiya phiko lathyathyathya.

Momwe mungapangire mapiko.

onetsetsani njira yomwe ndagwiritsira ntchito kuipinditsa.

Ndayika slat pakati, pansi, ndi ma slats awiri kumapeto ndi kulemera pamwamba. Ndi choumitsira ndapaka kutentha, ndipo pulasitikiyo imafutukuka ndikukolola.

Ngati tizingokakamira pamapiko akamazizira, amasunga mawonekedwe ake ozungulira.

Kutentha kuyenera kugawidwa mofanana, musasiye malo amodzi kwa nthawi yayitali.

Apa ndidayika vidiyo imodzi yomwe imachitanso ndi chowumitsira tsitsi.

Pali anthu omwe amapinda maitanidwewo pomumiza m'madzi otentha. Koma kwa mapiko kumakhala kovuta.

Kulimbitsa.

Mapiko amayenera kuthandizira kulemera kwa ndege, chifukwa chake tiyenera kuyikapo zina, chifukwa woyang'anira yekhayo sangakhale.

Nthawi zambiri zimachitika ndi ndodo zophatikizidwa m'mapiko.

Ndi zinthu ziti zomwe tingayikemo ndodo zolimbikitsira?

Zinthu zabwino ndi kaboni fiber shaft. Ili ndi mawonekedwe abwino. Ndodo ya 5mm. kuyikidwa kutalika kungakhale koyenera.

Koma popeza mzimu uyenera kuchita zoyeserera, ndasankha kugwiritsa ntchito ndodo za ambulera yosweka. Amati Decatlon amagulitsa ndodo za kaboni za ma kites, ndipita kukagula zina. Timachubu tating'onoting'ono titha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito.

Ndinakumba ambulera ndikuyesa imodzi, koma sizinakwaniritse.

Ndiyenera kuyika 3 yonse, monga tawonera pachithunzichi choyambirira, yokutidwa ndi chisindikizo choyera, chimodzi chapakati ndi zina ziwiri m mapiko. Ngakhale zili choncho mapiko amapereka zochepa kuposa momwe ndikufunira, koma machitidwe omwe akuuluka akuvomerezeka.

Nachi zitsanzo chakumapeto kwamapiko.

Kanemayo akuwonetsa momwe ndodozo zimaphatikizidwira, ndizothandizanso pazidutswa zanga za ambulera.

Mphamvu yolimbikitsira zida zofikira.

Chigawo chapakati ndi T ya gawo laling'ono la fuselage lomwe linatsala, lomwe likhala lolimbikitsira zida zofikira, zomwe ziziikidwa pansi pamapiko.

Ngati gawoli silinapezeke, m'malo ena ovuta, zida zofikira zimadutsa mapiko ndikutuluka pamwamba, ndibwino kuti mukhale otetezeka.

 Mbali zotsogola.

Kuti phiko liwoneke ngati phiko, tikumeta PAMODZI pamtunda wakumtunda kwa utali wonse, ndi cholembera, monga chikuwonetsedwa pachithunzipa.

Kenako tiika tepi yomata yomata, mwina chisindikizo kapena tepi yowonekera.

Tiyeneranso kuyika tepi m'mbali mwa mchira. Kumeneko tiyenera kuphwanya ngodya yakumtunda ndi yakumunsi mofanana.

Mu positi yotsatira, tidzamanga zida zofikira komanso malo ogonera.

Gawo 12. Lingaliro landege

N'CHIFUKWA CHIYANI NDEGE IZIWULUKA?

Tiyenera kuyimitsa panjira. Ndizofunika kwambiri. Tisanapitilize kumanga IKK001, ndikuganiza kuti ndikoyenera kudziwa chifukwa chomwe timachitira zinthu, makamaka mapiko.

Kuti timvetse momwe mapiko amagwirira ntchito, osapumira papepala, timangopita paulendo wopita ku NASA. Ku adilesi yotsatira, amatipatsa mawonekedwe owonera mapiko oyeserera. Lowani ndikulimbana nawo pang'ono.

http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/foil2.html

Yambani pokonza chinsalu ndi magawo a chithunzichi:

Tikuwona chiyani? Ndilo mbiri yamapiko (odulidwa poyenda ndege) yomwe ili ndi mpweya wapano.

M'chithunzichi tikuwona kuti ndasankha mbiri yakale ya ndege (ndege). Mu bwalo lachikaso pali chithunzi, ndikukula ukuwonetsedwa ku Newtons. Ndiwo mphamvu yomwe phiko limagwiritsa ntchito kusunga ndege mlengalenga. Icho chimatchedwa KUKHALA, (kukweza). Ndikokwera kwambiri, ndimomwe imakokera phiko pamwamba pa ndege. Zimatengera magawo ambiri, pakati pa ena, kuthamanga, mawonekedwe, malingaliro, kuchuluka kwa mpweya ...

Tiyeni tipite ku lingaliro.

Padzakhala malembo masauzande ambiri pa intaneti omwe ali ndi mayankho a funsoli. Sindinawerenge zambiri, koma sindinakondwere nazo. Ndaganiza zopanga kufotokozera komwe kuyesera kuti izi zidziwike ndi anthu ambiri momwe angathere.

Nkhani yofotokozera izi si yophweka. Pali malingaliro aku yunivesite pazotsatira zamipira yamiyendo pa zigoli zaulere. Mbiri zamapiko a ndege zimadziwika bwino ngati zingayesedwe ndikuphunziridwa mumakina amphepo (sindikudziwa komwe zinthu zipite tsopano chifukwa cha omwe amagwiritsa ntchito makompyuta).

 Musanandidzudzule, ndikufuna kunena kuti ndawerenga za Newton, Bernouilli, Coanda zotsatira, mamasukidwe akayendedwe amadzi, Venturi, magulu am'magazi am'magazi…. Ndipo ngakhale za momwe mpira umakhalira akagunda cholinga kuchokera pakona yotchedwa «Magnus».

Nthawi zambiri, mapiko a ndege zenizeni amakhala ndi mawonekedwe awa.

Funso loyamba. Kodi ndege ingawuluke ngati ndiyika bolodi lathyathyathya pamapiko ake, m'malo mwazomwe zili pamwambapa?
Yankho ndilo inde.

Ndimagwiritsa ntchito Newton. Ngati nditaika tebulo pang'ono pokhudzana ndi komwe ndegeyo ikuwulukira, imasokoneza mpweya kupita pansi, ndipo ndegeyo imakweza, ndiye kuti imangokhala mlengalenga.

Ndizofanana zomwe zimasunga ma kites akale mlengalenga, kapena kuti mukayika dzanja lanu pazenera lagalimoto, ndikuyiyika mosalala, imakusunthirani mmwamba kapena pansi, kutengera kulunjika.

 Chifukwa chiyani izi zikuchitika? Monga m'mene mipira iwiri yamagetsi imagundana, kapena tikaponya mwala pachidebe, chinthu chomenyedwacho chimachoka chifukwa chothamanga kwambiri.

 Mu phiko lathyathyathya kapena kaiti, tinthu tating'onoting'ono timagwera pansi moyenera, mapikowo amakoka ndege yonse.

 Tipanga zoyeserera mu simulator. Ngati ndingasinthe ndi chithunzichi, ndiye kuti, pepala lathyathyathya, ndikusunga mosanjikiza, zilembo za LIFT kapena SUPPORT 0 Newtons.

Ndikapendeketsa tsamba pang'ono ngati chithunzi chotsatira, ndikuwona momwe kukweza kumawonekera. (KUKHALA).

Kutsiliza: Ndege yokhala ndi mapiko opangidwa ndi chidutswa chadothi kapena makatoni imatha kuwuluka popanda mavuto.

Funso lachiwiri. Chifukwa chiyani mapiko a ndege sali matabwa apansi?
Chifukwa bolodi lathyathyathya loyikidwa pambali pake, ngakhale pang'ono imachedwetsa ndege. siwowononga mlengalenga. Ngakhale sitingathe kuwawona, chipwirikiti chimapangidwa kumtunda ndipo izi zimatulutsa gawo lina loyesera kwa injini kusuntha ndege. Koma zimagwirira ntchito ndege zathu zosavuta.

Funso lachitatu. Chifukwa chiyani mapiko a ndege amawumbika ndipo amagwira ntchito bwanji?
Kuti muyankhe, muyenera kuzindikira malingaliro angapo.

Mpweya ndimadzimadzi, ngati madzi, ndimayendedwe ake, omveka.
Mpweya umapangidwa ndi tinthu tating'onoting'ono ta gasi. Mwachidule, ma particles, ma atomu ndi ma molekyulu, ndi kulemera kwake (misa).
Pali mphamvu zomwe zimakonda kuphatikiza izi, ndiye kuti zimakokerana.
Mpweya uli ngati madzi, umamatirira kumtunda komwe umakhudza, umakhala wowoneka bwino / womata.
 
Ndiyamba kupereka zitsanzo za zochitika zomwe tikufunikira.

Ngati munthu ngati Homer Simpson (wonenepa) (kapena ngati ine) akuyenda mumsewu, ndikutembenuka pakona, amatenga kamtengo kakang'ono ndi dzanja lake, theka litapachikika pamenepo, chingachitike ndi chiyani pamtengo wawung'ono uja? Chabwino, imapindika mpaka pomwe pali wonenepa, pomwe imayamba kugwira. Munthuyo amayenera kupanga mphamvu ndi mkono kuti athe kusintha njira yake, ndipo mtengowo umasunthika chifukwa chakokedwa. (mphamvu ya centripetal).

Zabwino. Tiyerekeze kuti munthu wonenepa ndiye kachidutswa ka mpweya. Tawonani zomwe zimachitika ndi tinthu tating'onoting'ono tomwe timadutsa pamwamba pa mapiko ngati momwe zimakhalira poyamba kapena mbiri yakale.

 Iyenera kupanga njira yokhota ngati mafuta athu, ndiye kuti idzavutika ndi mphamvu panjira. Ndipo tanena kuti mpweya ndiwosalala / womata, chifukwa chake, tinthu tating'onoting'ono timayenda pamwamba pa mapiko okopeka ngati kuti ndi maginito ndipo pamwamba pake panali chitsulo. Chifukwa chake kukakamira kwa tinthu tating'onoting'ono kumapiko kuli ngati dzanja la munthu aliyense pachitsanzo. Kenako tinthu tina timene timadutsa pamwamba pokhota, timakoka pamwamba ngati munthu wonenepa amene amakoka mtengo.

Kodi zingachitike bwanji ngati anthu onenepa 100 atayandikira mbali ndi khwalala lonse ndikuyenda ngodya, kugwira mtengo, munthu yemwe ali pafupi kwambiri ndi mtengowo? Msuzi wosauka

. Chabwino, mikono ya anthu onenepa ndimphamvu zokopa pakati pamagawo amlengalenga. Kenako mpweya, ngakhale umadutsa patali kuchokera kuphiko, momwe umayenera kukhalira, umaponyera omwe ali pafupi nawo, ndipo monga onenepawo, motsatizana mpaka amafikira omwe ali pafupi ndi phiko, omwe amawombera pamapiko mmwamba.

Kukoka kwakumwambaku pamene mpweya ukuyenda kudzera m'mapiko ndiko kukweza.

Kuyesera kumatha kuchitika ndi supuni ya supu, ndipo m'malo mwa mpweya, madzi ochokera pampopi.

Ngati tigwira supuni yopachika ndi zala ziwiri ndikubweretsa pafupi ndi ndege kuchokera pansi, tiwona zomwe tafotokoza pamwambapa zikuchitika. Mphamvu yozungulira ndendende yamadzi imawonekera ndikukoka supuni yolowera ndegeyo, chifukwa tinthu timene madzi amayenera kupindika. (otsogolera… ..).

Pansi pa phiko, ngati ili lathyathyathya, palibe chomwe chimachitika. Pamwambapa pali kukhumudwa mokhudzana ndi mpweya womwe umadutsa pansipa.

Tadziwa kale nkhaniyi mokwanira, tsopano tiwuzindikira.

Nanga bwanji ngati mapikowo apindika mokwera ndi pansi?
Ichotsanso mpweya pansi, kenako tidzakhala ndi magulu awiri, ndipo wamkulu adzapambana, ndiye kuti, mbali yomwe ili ndi kukhota kochuluka. Ngati mbali zonse zili zofanana, palibe kukweza. Timabwereranso kugwiritsira ntchito tebulo lathyathyathya ndi newton, timapendeketsa phiko pang'ono ndipo limathandizanso (zocheperapo).

Nanga bwanji ngati mapikowo ali ngati bolodi lopindika?
Chabwino, timakwaniritsa kukweza komanso, tili ndi zovuta kumunsi. Ndiye kuti, kukweza kwina. Mapikowa ndi ofanana ndi mbalame, koma pandege zambiri timakhala ndi ma lift ambiri ndipo sikokwanira kuyenda mothamanga kwambiri.

Ngati mupitiliza kuwerenga izi, zindikirani kuti izi ndi zomwe tapanga mu mtundu wathu wa IKKARO 001. Takhotakhota mapiko kuti tikweze, ndipo tadumphira kutsogolo (pamwamba) kokha pamwamba, kuyesa kulamula mpweya wambiri pamwamba pa phiko.

Ndege zonyamula anthu zimayenera kupita pang'onopang'ono kunyamuka ndikufika, kenako zimafalitsa malo otchedwa ziphuphu kumbuyo, zomwe zimakulitsa mapiko ndikuwapatsa mawonekedwe omwe tikukambirana.

Zinthu zambiri.
Ndi pulogalamu yoyeseza titha kutsimikiziranso kuti kukweza kumadalira kusiyana kwa khola pakati pa gawo lakumtunda ndi gawo lotsika, chifukwa chake, titha kukulitsa makulidwe, kuti kukweza kumasiyanasiyana pang'ono. Ili la mapiko akuda limakhala lothandiza chifukwa limagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati thanki yamafuta.

Ndipo ngati tiika mpira. Zomwe zimachitika?
Ngati sichituluka, palibe. 

Ikazungulira tiyenera kuponyanso malingaliro, chifukwa pali kukweza komwe mbali zina zamlengalenga zimadutsa pamphindikati. Ndiye kuti, mizere yambiri ya anthu onenepa atagwirana manja imadutsa pamphindikati ndikuponyera mtengowo, chifukwa ndimphamvu zomwe zidzavutike.

Mutha kuyang'anitsitsa pulogalamu yoyeseza ndi izi, ingogunda "SPIN".

Mukachita masewera aliwonse omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mipira kapena mipira, mudzadziwa kuti zotsatirapo zake zilipo. Ngati mpira ukuzungulira mozungulira ngati kuti ukugubuduzika pansi, kukweza kosayenera kumapangidwa ndipo kumayamba kugwa mwachangu (topin spin mu tenisi), mamolekyulu ambiri amlengalenga amadutsa pansi ndikutsikira. Ngati itembenukira kwina, monga momwe chithunzi choyambirira, chimatchedwa "kudula" ndipo mpira umachedwetsa ndikukhala mlengalenga motalikirapo. Imakweza m'mwamba ngati phiko la ndege.

Ndimagwiritsa ntchito zithunzizi ngati sizikuwoneka bwino.

Ndipo zonsezi pamwambapa popanda cholinga chokhumudwitsa aliyense, kuti ndine wocheperako ndipo ndimalemera ma kilogalamu 86. Zonsezi ndi za sayansi.

Gawo 13. Zida zofikira

Kupanga sitima yapansi.

Ndege zachitsanzo zabwinobwino zokhala ndi zida zofikira, magudumu amayenera kudalidwa mtunda wocheperako kuti zoyendetsa zisakhudze pansi. Izi nthawi zambiri zimafuna kugwiritsa ntchito chitsulo, duralumin kapena fiberglass kapena kaboni, chifukwa zimayenera kukhala zazitali, komanso nthawi yomweyo, zopepuka komanso zosagwira.

Mu IKK001, popeza tili ndi chotetezera pamapiko, titha kusiya ndegeyo pansi kwambiri, chifukwa chake tikugwiritsa ntchito pomanga zidutswa za aluminiyamu zomwe timagwiritsa ntchito fuselage (kugwiritsa ntchito bwanji zinthu zomwe tikuchita).

Muzolemba ndi zida zina, tidasankha mtundu wamagudumu akuda kwambiri achinkhupule. Ndagwiritsa ntchito 35 mm imodzi, (60-70 euro senti iliyonse).  

 Pogwiritsa ntchito matayala, mabatani ang'onoang'ono amagwiritsidwa ntchito, amangokhala ndi mtedza kenako nati ina yokhayokha kapena mtedza wokhazikika kuti agwire gudumu.

Poyesa kwathu tigwiritsa ntchito rivet yosasweka ngati shaft, pakupanga zatsopano. Tili ndi njira ziwiri, kugwiritsa ntchito ma rivets ang'onoang'ono (2 mm.) Ndipo pangani chowonjezera chakunja ndi aluminiyamu yomweyo kuti gudumu lisatuluke, kapena gwiritsani rivet yolimba (4 mm) ndikuyika chidutswa cha chubu kapena chitoliro. kukonzekera kuigwira.

Ngati tikufuna kuwagula, pali zidutswa zina zomwe zimatchedwa akaidi, zomwe kudzera pachikopa, zimatetezeranso kuti gudumu lisatuluke.

Ndondomeko:

Chidutswa chimadziwika ndi mawonekedwe omwe ali pansipa.

Amadulidwa ndi ubweya.

Bowo limapangidwa sentimita imodzi kupatula m'mphepete,

Chombocho chimayikidwa, chikumangika bwino koma osaphwanya tsinde. Ndikupangira kuti muyambe ntchitoyi ndi ma rivets mlengalenga, ngakhale mutaponya awiri kapena atatu.

Chombocho chimayenera kukhala cholimba, kumbuyo kwa rivet kumatha kuphwanyidwa ndi ma pliers kuti muteteze bwino.

Kenako, kuchokera ku ndodo yaukhondo, mwachitsanzo, zidutswa zina zimadulidwa kuti gudumu lisakhudze zotayidwa ndi thovu potembenuka. Zidutswa zimayikidwa mbali zonse ziwiri za gudumu.

 Kenako timakonza zakunja ndi cholumikizira cha aluminiyamu, chomwe chimapereka mphamvu yolimbana ndi msonkhano, ndikupangitsa chidutswa cha shaft kusavutikira.

Timangirira mzerewu ndi rivet.

. Mawilo atatuwa akuwonetsedwa pansipa.

 Kuti gudumu lisatuluke, timakotama kumapeto kwa tsinde msonkhano utasonkhana, ndikudula zochulukazo ndi mapulani odulira.

Dziwani kuti gudumu lakumaso, (lomwe lili kumanja pachithunzichi), lili ndi chidutswa chotalikirapo cha aluminiyamu, chomwe chingakhale chofunikira kuti chikonzeke ku fuselage yokhala ndi ma rivets.

Kulemera kwake, ndife oyenera, onani zomwe sikelo imapereka kwa zida zonse zofikira;

Nditatera movutikira kangapo, ndimayenera kusinthana chitsulo chakumaso chakutsogolo ndi rivet wokulirapo momwe chimakhalira. Tsopano ndagulitsa chidutswa chakunja, ndipo ndalumikizanso chidutswa china chomenyera ngati mkaidi.

Zotsatira zake zakhala izi. 

Mu positi yotsatira msonkhano wa zigawozo uchitike. 

Werengani malangizo a chitetezo ophatikizidwa mndandandawu. (magolovesi, magalasi, ndi kukonza kwa zidutswazo pobowola). Gwiritsani ntchito kubowola kwama batri, ndikotetezeka, kosavuta kuyang'anira komanso kokhala ndi malamulo abwinoko.

Gawo 14. Engine phiri

KUMANGA WOTHANDIZA WAMOTO. MPHAMVU YA SANDWICH.

Kupanga chithandizo chamagalimoto tigwiritsa ntchito pepala la aluminium. Yemwe ndagwiritsa ntchito ndi otsalira aukalipentala wachitsulo. Ndi 1mm wandiweyani ndipo amabwera lacquered yoyera. tigwiritsa ntchito zidutswa ziwiri. Ngati mupeza china chokulirapo, ndibwino.

Ndi mphamvu ya sangweji?

Umu ndi momwe ma sheet a aluminium amalumikizirana.

Ma rivets a aluminium ndi mtundu wa mgwirizano wokhazikika womwe umatsutsana ndi kukoka, koma amathandizira kuwongolera kupindika kosalekeza, kumapeto kwawo kumayamba kuchepa. Kodi tichita chiyani kuti ndi 2 mm rivet imodzi motetezedwa bwino? Chabwino, tiika chidutswa chazomata zomata ziwiri zosalala pakati pa mapepala awiri a aluminiyamu.

 Chojambulirachi chophatikizika cha aluminium chosakanizika ndichopepuka, koma chotsutsana kwambiri ndi kugwedezeka (siponji) ndi kukoka (rivet). Makampani opanga zamagalimoto ndi magalimoto amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kuphatikizira mbale limodzi. Pagalimoto magalimoto obwezeretsedwako amasinthidwa ndi kuwotcherera malo, ndipo cholumikizira chosinthika chimapangidwa ndi ma setties a Sikaflex (R).

Kuti tithandizire tiyenera kudula chidutswa chaching'ono chotalika mokwanira kuti zoyendetsa zisakhudze fuselage. Chidutswa china chidzakhala malo pomwe mota izizunguliridwa.

Miyeso yothandizira yomwe idapangidwa munthawi yanga ili m'mapulani a pdf.

  Gawo lodziwika bwino ndi lofiira ndi ngodya yakukankhira mota. Ndatulutsa kumbuyo kwa mota kuyika mabowo oti apange.

Pobowola mabowola.

Zidutswa ziwiri ndi tepi yomatira. (Ndi yamitundu yambiri).

Zidutswa ziwirizo zidalumikizidwa ndi tepi, popanda rivet panobe.

Magawo onse asonkhana. Fupikitsani kutalika kwa zomangira momwe zingathere kuti muchepetse kunenepa. Muyenera kupanga dzenje pakati pa mbale yomwe imagwirizira mota, kuti isapakire kutsinde ikakwilitsidwa. 

CHENJEZO !!.

Kukhazikitsa chithandizo ku fuselage kudzachitikanso ndi tepi yapakatikati. Tidzaika ma rivets awiri monga chithunzi.

Tiyenera kukweza injini ndi zoyendetsa ndikusintha makinawo mpaka patsogolo, popanda chowongolera chokhudza fuselage. Ndikutumiza zolemera zambiri patsogolo momwe zingathere.

Kuti apange gondola kapena fairing ya injini, yomwe imangopangitsa kuti ikhale yopitilira muyeso, timatenga sikululu yayitali yokwanira, kumadzipopera tokha nkhuni, ndikuchotsa mutu.

Kenako timayika mu styrodur kapena chilichonse chomwe muli nacho ndikuchiyika pobowola magetsi.

 Ndi sandpaper mumayipanga mawonekedwe mpaka itakhala yofanana ndi yomwe ili pachithunzicho, yomwe mutha kumata ku aluminium ndi tepi ya mbali ziwiri kapena guluu wapadera wa polystyrene wowonjezera.

CHITETEZO.

Musayambe ntchitoyi musanawerenge ndi kuwerengera malamulo onse achitetezo omwe amapezeka m'mbuyomu.

Gawo 15. kukhazikitsidwa kwa ma servos ndi ma aileron

KUCHITSA SERVOS, KUKWERETSA MAPIKO.

Ma mailerard ndi malo owongolera omwe amapita pamapiko. Amasuntha nthawi imodzi koma mbali ina. Ntchito yanu ndikupendeketsa ndege kumanja kapena kumanzere komwe mukuyenda.

Kanema wotsatira ndikuwonetsa momwe maulamuliro amayenera kugwirira ntchito ku IKKARO. Samalani kwambiri ndi ma aileron.

Ailerons amagwiritsidwa ntchito molumikizana ndi kuwongolera-kutsika kwa mchira kutembenuza ndegeyo.

Chifukwa chiyani ma ailerons amagwiritsidwa ntchito, ngati kukweza-kutsika ndi kumanzere kumanzere kumatha kuchitidwa ndi kuwongolera mchira?

Tikatembenuza ndege yokhala ndi mapiko okonda mapiko, timagwiritsa ntchito kukweza kwa mapikowo kuti tichepetse zomwe mphamvu ya centrifugal ndi Newton (onani positi 12 momwe mapiko amagwirira ntchito). Ndiwothandiza kwambiri kuposa kutembenuka ndi chiwongolero cha mchira, popeza tikamagwiritsa ntchito iyi yokha, ndi ndege yonyentchera, chimakhala chofanana ndi skid.

Palibe zambiri zoti mufotokozere zambiri, onaninso mbalamezi, ngati zimazungulira chonchi ndipo zakhala zikuchita izi kwazaka zambiri, ndichifukwa chakuti ndiyo njira yabwino kwambiri. ((Ndatumiza ndekha… ..)

Servo imodzi yokhala ndi mikono iwiri yolumikizidwa ndi ndodo ziwiri kwa ma aileron nthawi zambiri imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuyendetsa ma aileron. Mpaka pano, ma servos anali okwera mtengo, ndipo malo okhala ndi njira zopitilira 4 koposa.

Ndodo iliyonse imagwira pamapiko a mapiko, muvidiyo yotsatirayi mutha kuwona ndege yachikhalidwe.

Zinthu zasintha, ndipo mu siteshoni yathu tili ndi njira 6 ndipo servo imanditengera ndalama zochepa kuposa Coke m'malo ena, chifukwa tiziika servo pamalo aliwonse, m'malo mwa onse awiri.

Timakhala ophweka, ogwira ntchito bwino, komanso tili ndi njira yabwino kwambiri munjira zathu zoyendera, zomwe ndizokhoza kuzigwiritsa ntchito ngati FLAPS. Mu positi nambala 12 ya mndandandawu, tafotokoza kuti ziphuphu zimakulitsa kupindika kwa mapiko kapena pamwamba, kapena zonse ziwiri, ndipo tidakweza mphamvu kwambiri.

Kodi tikufuna ziphuphu?

Adzabwera othandiza ngati atanyamula zolemera zina pa ndege yachitsanzo kapena kuti ndegeyo ipite malo ambiri ikatera. Bwererani kukawona kanema kuyambira pachiyambi kuti muwone zomwe zimachitika ndikusintha kuchokera kumanja, kutsitsa ma aileroni awiri nthawi imodzi, koma ndimayang'anabe mpukutuwo ndi lever woyenera wa wotumiza.

Kusonkhanitsa ma servos.

Kuti tikweze ma servos tiyenera kupanga phiko pamapiko ndi mawonekedwe awa.

CHENJEZO. Chokhacho chofunikira ndichakuti shaft shavo imangokhala kumbuyo kwenikweni kwa mapiko. ndiko kuti, ngati tiziwona kuchokera kumwamba, olamulirawo amangowonekera theka. ndipo ngati tikuziwona kumbuyo, servo imakhazikika chimodzimodzi pamwambapa.

Kuyika mdulidwe titha kujambula chithunzicho ndi chikhomo kapena kungokanikiza servo motsutsana ndi mapiko pang'ono.

Kenako timakweza chowonongekacho malinga ndi zomwe tinanena positi 10 pazowongolera. Iyenera kumamatira ku mkono wa servo, monga zikuwonetsedwa pachithunzichi.

CHENJEZO kachiwiri.

Kuti tikweze servo tiyenera kutsatira njira zotsatirazi.

1 pulagi servo mu wolandirayo ndikuyiyatsa, ndikuyatsa chopatsilira (kumbukirani kuti mawonekedwe oyendetsa magalimoto akuyenera kukhala otsika).

2 ikani TRIM yofananira pakatikati (cholembera chaching'ono pafupi ndi zowongolera zomwe zimafalitsa pagulu lililonse zomwe zimalola kusintha kwakanthawi kwa servo).

3 Ikani mkono wa servo wofanana ndi mbali yayitali ndikulumikiza kagwere. Tsopano titha kuzimasula.

Kuti tikonze tidzagwiritsa ntchito zidutswa zamatepi omwe ali ndi siponji, komanso chidutswa cha depon pamwamba ndi pansi chopumira mu mawonekedwe a servo, Zidutswazi ziziyikidwa ndi tepi yolumikizira mbali ziwiri.

tsatanetsatane wa mbiri ya chidutswa chapamwamba.

Tsatanetsatane wa servo wokwera.

Timachitanso chimodzimodzi ku phiko lina ndipo titha kuwayesa kale.

Zinthu zina.

Mu ndemanga yotsatira, tiika njira yotsitsa mafayilo amakanema apasiteshoni, a IKK001 komanso ndege zamalonda zamalonda, cork yoyera P51.

Gawo 16. Ndodo zowongolera

KUKWIMBITSA ZAMBIRI SERVOS, THE NTHAWI ZONSE.

Ndisanayambe, ndimakusiyirani kanema ndi zithunzi zina za kuthawa kwa kuyesaku. Iwo amalemba ndi mutu wapafoni kusiteshoni, choncho khululukirani mtundu wa kanemayo. Ndegeyo imathera ndi kanyumba kosasunthika chifukwa chofika movutikira, palibe chomwe chimachitika, tepi yazigawo ziwiri ndikubwezeretsanso. Pakatikati paulendo wapandege ndimadutsa pang'ono ndi ma aileron mpaka kutsika, omwe amakhala ngati mabuleki, ndipo amakhala osakhazikika. Kuyesera, chomwe ndichofunikira.

Pofuna kuthana ndi malo olamulira mchira, ma servos nthawi zambiri amaikidwa pamapiko mochulukira ndipo malowa amafikiridwa ndi ndodo.

Chifukwa chiyani tikuchita izi? chifukwa cha kufalitsa kwa kulemera kwake ndi mphamvu yokoka ya ndege, yomwe iyenera kukhala pakati pa mapiko ndi kutsogolo, pang'ono kapena pang'ono.

Ngati titha kuyika ma servos oyendetsa mchira pamchira womwewo, monga tidachitira ndi ma ailerons, ndege imatha kunyamula zolemetsa pambuyo pake ndipo siziwuluka konse.

Izi ndodo zowongolera zitha kupangidwa kuchokera kuzinthu zambiri. Kodi zolinga zake ndi ziti? omwe ndi owala kwambiri komanso okhwima.

Zolemba za nyenyezi kuti zizipange ndiye kuti ndi chubu cha kaboni fiber m'magawo ang'onoang'ono, a 2 kapena 3 mm, kutengera zomwe tikufuna kusuntha.

Mzimuwo ndikuti timagwiritsa ntchito zida wamba (kapena zosazolowereka mu ndege zoyeserera), chifukwa chake ndikupereka mayankho ena.

Ngati mwawawona muvidiyo ya gawo 15, pachida changa ndi awiriwa, kuti ayesedwe.

Ndikuwonetsanso njira zosiyanasiyana zofotokozera ndi servo.

Ndizosangalatsa kuti mutha kusintha kutalika kwa ndodo izi kuti musinthe ndendende malo owongolera. Pachifukwa ichi, ma tebulo am'munsi kapena ma tebulo amagwiritsidwa ntchito omwe amaikidwa pa mkono wa servo.

Muzithunzi zotsatirazi tikuwona njira ziwiri zothetsera mavutowa.

Njira yomwe ndege yathu imaloleza ndikuyikweza ndi ndodo ndi kutalika kwake ndipo, monga ma servos, tiwamangiriza ndi tepi ya siponji ya mbali ziwiri, popeza timamatira servo pamalo omwe amasiya kuwongolera ndale.

Ndi zinthu ziti zomwe tingagwiritse ntchito ngati njira yothandizira ndodo?

Kumbukirani ambulera yomwe timagwiritsa ntchito pamapiko, komanso yomwe imakhala ndi ndodo zomwe amanyamula. titha kuwagwiritsa ntchito ngati ndodo zowongolera.

Slat wood slat itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito kale.

Zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri koma zomwe muyenera kuzigula m'malo ena ake ndi waya wa piyano. Ndi waya wolimba kwambiri wachitsulo, womwe ndi, chingwe cha piyano.

Titha kugwiritsanso ntchito chingwe cholimba cha aluminiyumu kuti tipeze mawaya amtunduwu. (Sindinayambe ndayesapo).

Ngakhale zimalemera kuposa zam'mbuyomu, m'masitolo ambiri azinthu zamagetsi mutha kugula zosapanga dzimbiri kapena chitsulo kapena ndodo zamkuwa, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zinthu zodzaza ndi kuwotcherera.

Mwachidule, pali mayankho angapo.

Ndikukuwonetsani zithunzi za omwe ndaika mu chipangizocho.

Ndiziphatikizi zazingwe zazingwe mkati mwa machubu apulasitiki a masamba a thonje, ophatikizidwa ndi tepi ya kaboni fiber, kapena ophatikizidwa mu dzenje la ambulera. izi zimathetsa kufunikira kokweza ndodo yolumikizidwa, chifukwa imalola kusokoneza.

Pofotokoza ndodo ndi servo, mutha kugula zomwe mudaziwona m'zithunzi zam'mbuyomu, foloko ya pulasitiki, kapena titha kuzipanga tokha.

Pansipa ndikuwonetsa njira ziwiri kuti ndikweze ndi ndodo ya ambulera. Malekezero a ndodozi ndiabwino, chifukwa amadziphwatathirapo ndipo amakhala ndi bowo.

Imodzi imagulitsira molunjika ndi malata waya wopangidwa ndi L.

Njira ina ndikugwira wayawo mu mawonekedwe a L, ndi malaya ochepetsa kutentha.

Malamulo squads kapena nyanga.

Kwa bwalo lamalamulo lomwe limayikidwa pamwamba pomwe, lomwe achingerezi amatcha nyanga (nyanga), titha kutenga njira ziwiri, tizipange tokha ndi chidutswa cha aluminium cha mulingo womwe timagwiritsa ntchito fuselage, monga zikuwonetsedwa mu kutsatira Photo,

kapena mugule.

Zomwe titha kugula tili ndi zosankha zambiri, (izi zikuwoneka ngati zopanda malire). Kwa zida zosavuta monga zathu, ndagwiritsa ntchito zina ngati izi, zomwe zimaphulika mu depron ndipo ndi guluu pang'ono amakhalabe olimba kwambiri. Ngati tichita zomwe ndikuwonetsa, zomwe ndi kusungunula mathero enawo mosamala kwambiri ndikuphwanya kamodzi kusungunuka, kukonzanso kuli bwino.

Njira zina zamalonda ndizomwe zatchulidwa pansipa, yomwe ili ndi chofanizira chomwe chayikidwa, ndi chapamwamba, chomwe chili ndi zomangira zomwe zimadutsa chidutswacho ndikukhazikika kwa mnzake.

MALANGIZO OTHANDIZA MISONKHANO YA Mchira.

Monga tidachitira ndi ma aileron, ma servos amalumikizidwa ndi wolandila, wotumizira amalowetsedwa, wolandila amayatsidwa, ndipo servo ikugwira ntchito ndi zotengera zolumikizira zomwe zimayikidwa, mkono wa servo uyikidwa, potengera izi ndi mbali yayitali ya servo. Tidayika wononga, ndipo titha kuyimitsa.

Kenako timakonza ndodo ku servo ndi kumchira, kufunafuna malo oyenera kupita kutsogolo kapena kumbuyo kuti malo olamulira omwe akukhalabe ozungulira, ndiye kuti, mogwirizana ndi chiwongolero kapena mzere wokhazikika, ndi mbali ziwiri tepi timakonza servo ku fuselage.

Pachithunzichi mutha kuwona malo omaliza a servo, ndipo mutha kuwona tepi yomatira yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kukonza ku fuselage.

Ma servos akakhazikitsidwa pamitundu yamagetsi yoyaka mkati, ma servos nthawi zambiri amatetezedwa ndi zotchinga kapena zotsekemera kuti zisawonongeke kuti zisawononge servo. Ndege zamagetsi zamagetsi zimangoyenda pang'ono, koma tepi yathu yamphongo iwiri imawachepetsa. Komabe, ndi chiyani china chofunikira !!, ngati ma servos ali ofunika ma 1.5 mayuro …….

Tsopano tiyenera kupanga kanyumba ndikusonkhanitsa zonse. positi yotsatira.

Gawo 17. Msonkhano womaliza

Msonkhano womaliza, kanyumba kanyumba ndi zina zowonjezera.

Tipitiliza ndi masitepe omaliza omaliza pomanga zomwe zinachitika.

CHITSANZO CHA PANSI.

Chithunzi cham'mbuyomu chikuwonetsa zida zokutira zokutidwa ndi tepi yolumikizira mbali ziwiri, kuwonetsetsa kuti matayalawo agwirizana, kuti asapotokere ponyamuka. Msonkhano wamagudumu wakutsogolo umalumikizidwa ku fuselage ndi ma rivets, komanso tepi yapakatikati yomwe takambirana m'mbuyomu.

Onaninso pachithunzicho kuti poyambilira ndidayika mabatire kumunsi, kuti ndisiye kanyumbako mfulu, koma poyesa kuyisanjitsa, mphamvu yokoka inali kutali kwambiri, ndipo ngakhale ndidanena kuti mutha kuyika ballast m'mphuno , ndegeyo inali yosakhazikika kotero ndinayenera kusamutsa mabatire m'nyumba.

KABATA.

Kuti mupange nyumbayo, mumangodula zidutswa zisanu za kukula ndi mapulani kapena chilichonse chomwe mukuganiza. Kuti tikhale othamanga, timapanga chidutswa cholimba chomwe chimakhala ngati mphuno ndipo kumbuyo kwathu timachipindapinda mkati.

Mphuno imapangidwa ndikumanga mchenga wolimba (R), monga tawonera pazithunzizo.

Timamatira zonse pamodzi ndi tepi yoyera, ndi mphuno m'bokosi lokhala ndi matepi awiri.

Gawo lakumwambali limakhala ngati chivundikiro, ndikukonzekera kuti liwuluke kuti lisatsegule tizigwiritsa ntchito tepi yophimba.

Galimotoyo imamangiriridwa ku fuselage komanso tepi yazitsulo ziwiri.

ZINTHU ZINA ZOKUTHANDIZANI.

Chithunzi chotsatirachi chikuwonetsa mathero omaliza a mapikowo, ndi ndodo zotsekedwa. Muyenera kuziyika momwe zimapindirira pang'ono, zomwe mu ambulera yanga yasandulika 90º, ndiye kuti, mbali yakubowoka kwa ma aileron.

Kulimbitsa koyamba ndi kumanzere ndipo yomwe ndimayenera kuyikapo ndiyomwe ili kumanja.

Kenako imakutidwa ndi chisindikizo choyera, cha kukongoletsa komanso kuwulutsa mlengalenga.

Ndikofunikanso kuyika mchira, wopangidwa ndi zingwe ziwiri za kunyalanyaza, popeza mulingowo umakhala wolimba, koma osapindika. mapepala awa amatetezedwanso ndi chisindikizo choyera.

Pazifukwa zomwezi monga kulimbikitsanso koyambirira, tiyenera kuyika ma rectangles olimbikitsa pakatikati pa fuselage, yomwe imathandizira injini. Amatha kukanikizidwa kamodzi kukula kwake kukasinthidwa. Zithunzi zotsatirazi zikuwonetsa kuyendetsa.

Masitepe otsatirawa ndikuyika wolandila ndikukweza ESC.

La

Ma esc nawonso amakakamira. ndibwino kuti imapita mlengalenga, motero imazizira bwino.

Kulumikizana kwa servos ndi motere.

CHANNEL 1 MFUNDO.

CHANNEL 2 KUYA.

CHANNEL 3 MOTOR.

CHANNEL 4 ALERON ANANYAMUKA (NGATI TINALI OKWERERA)

CHANNEL 5 ALERON KODI.

KHALANI CHETEZO KWAMBIRI KWA MAJOKOSI A SERVOS, KUTI NDI ZOSAVUTA KUWAGWIRITSA Mmbuyo NDIPONSO KULANDIRA WOLANDILIRA.

Tiyeneranso kukhazikitsa ESC.

kasinthidwe kamene ndimagwiritsa ntchito ndi kotsatira.

Muyenera kuyang'ana mukakonza batire mu kanyumba komwe ndegeyo ndiyabwino, ndiye kuti, siyikhala yolemera kwambiri kutsogolo kapena kumbuyo. Momwemo, tiyenera kukhala ndi ndege moyenera ndi zala zathu zoyikidwa pafupifupi masentimita 4 kuchokera kumapeto kwa mapiko.

Ngati ikauluka imakonda kukwera m'mwamba, ndi chifukwa chakuti kumbuyo kwake kumakhala kolemera kwambiri ndipo ngati yakakamizidwa kwambiri kukwera, ndiye kuti ili ndi kulemera kwambiri patsogolo.

Mabatire ndi omwe amalola lamuloli. Ndikosavuta kuwongolera ndi velcro, kuti athe kupititsa patsogolo kapena kuchedwa.

Chifukwa chake ndikumaliza maphunziro oyambira ndege, yomwe mwina yakula kwambiri ndipo siyofunikira monga momwe ndimafunira.

Tsopano kuti zatha, tipitiliza kuyesa, monga kujambula kanema kuchokera pamwambapa, kuyambitsa ma firecrackers, kapena kuyambitsa ma roketi kuchokera pachipangizocho.

Posachedwa tidzayamba mangani ku IKK002, zinanso zosangalatsa.

Nkhaniyi idalembedwa koyamba ndi Belmon m'malo mwa Ikkaro

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