Total Beginners Guide kune 3D Kudhinda

3d kudhinda gwara

kisimusi iyi Vakandipa printer ye3D, Ender 3. Kunyangwe chaive chinhu chandaida kwenguva yakareba, chaive chishamiso chaicho uye ndakanga ndisati ndatsvaga ruzivo nezve chero chinhu munyika ino yemaprinta uye 3D kudhinda. Saka ndaifanira kutsvaga hupenyu hwangu.

Gwaro iri kuedza kubatsira vanhu vese vari mumamiriro akafanana uye vanoda kutanga 3D kudhinda kubva pakutanga. Apa ndinotaura zvakaitika kwandiri.

Unganidza uye uzive printer yako

Zvinoita senge cliché asi iwe unofanirwa kuziva zvauri kubata nazvo.

Tsvaga mavhidhiyo uye ruzivo pamusoro pekusangana kwemuenzaniso wako. Dzidza kuziva mbezo nhatu, ndeipi X, ndeipi Y uye ndeipi Z uye muzvikamu zvipi zvaanogona kubuda pakugadzirisa uye painoda kugadziriswa.

Zvinonyatsoenderana neprinta yaunayo. Kana iwe uine Prusa, Ender kana Anet iwe uchafanirwa kuiunganidza kutanga, kunyangwe ivo vauya pre-vakaungana uye kuungana kuri nyore.

Printer Calibration

maitiro ekugadzirisa 3d printer

Calibration ndicho chikamu chakakosha chekugadzirira kutanga kudhinda.

Kana iwe ukasagadzirisa zvakanaka, zvikamu zvacho hazvibatike pamubhedha kana kubvisa pakati-kudhinda, kana ivo warping kana tsoka dzenzou. Ini ndichataura zvakadzama pamusoro pekukanganisa kukuru kwekudhinda uye nzira yekuzvigadzirisa.

Chinhu icho hapana akandiudza kuti level yaizondibatsira zvakanyanya kugadzirisa printer yangu. Zvirinani zvakandibatsira zvakanyanya kuve nechokwadi chekuti mubhedha uye X axis zvaive zvakanaka uye kuti hurema hwandaiwana hwakabva kumwewo. Ndakapedzisira ndatenga iyo yaunoona pamufananidzo, kuti nditarise X axis, kunyanya paEnder 3 iyo inongova netsvimbo imwe chete yeZ axis uye zviri nyore kuti ive isina kuenzana ipapo.

Dhinda chidimbu chekuedza

Mune yangu nyaya neEnder 3, 3 zvidimbu zvinouya kuzodhinda paprinta. Pane 3 .gcode mafaira ari pamicroSD. Uye neizvi zvinouya imwe yenyonganyonga huru yatinowana patinoenda kunzvimbo dzakachengetwa seThingivers todhawunirodha zvikamu zvatinoda kudhinda uye zviri mu.STL. Printer yedu inoda .gcode kuprinda kwete .STL

Saka isu tinofanirwa kuishandura kubva kune imwe fomati kuenda kune imwe uye nekudaro tinoda chirongwa. Vanodanwa kunzi Slicer, inova ndiyo inoumba zvidimbu zvechimedu uye inoona marongero, kumhanya uko musoro wedu unofanirwa kufamba, kureba kana ukobvu hwechikamu uye zvimwe zvinhu zvakawanda.

Saka zve dhizaini zvikamu iwe uchada mhando yeCAD-yakavakirwa zvirongwa, inonyanya kuzivikanwa ndeye FreeCAD uye Fusion360. Ndiri kuzobheja paFreeCAD nekuti ndizvo Free Software.

Kuti ugadzire mafaera eprinta iwe uchada slicer. Inonyanya kuzivikanwa ndeyeCURA kubva kuUltimaker.

zvidimbu zvangu zvekutanga

3D dzakadhindwa zvikamu

Izvi ndizvo zvandinobvunzwa nemunhu wese wandinoziva. Chii chawakadhinda?

Naizvo. Handina kupenga kudhinda. Ndakatanga nepiece yakauya neprinter yanga yatova ne.gcode kuti itange kudhinda nekukasika. Chakaipa ndechekuti kwainge kwave kuita maawa matanhatu ekudhinda chimwe chinhu chisingandifarire.

Ndakabva ndatora kubva kuThingiverse, mamwe mabumpers, mamwe edziviriro, ku Arduino ONE. Navo ini ndaiyedza uye kuyedza iyo RAFT, TRIM, kureba uye dzimwe Slicer sarudzo dzauchazodzidza izvo zvavari ;-)

Chandanyanya kudhinda mabookends. Zvanga zvakanakisa kwandiri. Iye zvino ndine masherufu angu ose emabhuku ane mabhuku akaiswa nenzira kwayo uye pasina kudonha pamaminetsi mashoma oga oga.

mabhuku akadhindwa ne 3D printer

Uye chekupedzisira ndakadhinda akati wandei mishonga yemazino. Zita racho handirizivi, asi unomonerera mushonga wemazino kuti ubvise yese. Ndinokusiira mufananidzo.

mushonga wemazino roller

Ndinoda chaizvo kugadzira zvidimbu zvangu. Ini handidi kuti printa iwande kurodha uye kudhinda zvinhu zvandinoona zvichinakidza, asi kugadzira zvangu zvidimbu zvetsika. zvinhu zvandinoda pakugadzirisa kwangu uye zvigadzirwa zvangu.

Ndeye munhu wese here?

Maonero angu mushure memwedzi mishoma yekuyedzwa ndeye NO. Hazvina kufanana nekutenga inkjet printer kana chikafu processor. Haisi gadget panguva ino kune ruzhinji.

Ndichiri kuona kure kure kubva kune wese ane 3D printer kumba, nekuda kweizvozvo zvakakosha kuti mushandisi aite basa diki, tora nharembozha, dzvanya mabhatani maviri uye wotanga kudhinda wega. Kusvika izvo zvazadzikiswa, handifungi kuti ichave gadget kune vese vateereri.

Zvimwe zvinhu zvisingaudzwe nemunhu

hukama pakati pe3d kudhinda uye nelly lacquer
  • Nguva inotora kudhinda chikamu. Isu tinotaura nezvemaawa kune chero chinhu.
  • Zvarinobata Zvinoita sezvisingakoshi, asi zvino unofanirwa kuzvikodzera pane imwe nzvimbo mumba uye kwete munhu wese ane nzvimbo inodiwa. HAASI munhu wese ane workshop, garaji kana furati hombe. Saka funga nezve kwauchazoiisa usati waitenga uye tarisa kuyerwa.
  • Noise. Yangu Ender 3 haina ruzha rwakanyanya. Ndinovhara gonhi rehofisi yandinayo uye haindinetsi, asi kana ukaronga kuiisa munzvimbo yakajairika, yeuka kuti ruzha rupi runoita.
  • The hwema. Kana iwe ukadhinda PLA, haisi yakanyanya kutambanudza, kana ukadhinda ABS zvinhu zvinotanga kuoma, uye kana ukashandisa resin printer, ipapo utsi hunokuvadza uye unofanira kutsaurira kamuri chete kudhinda.
  • Kuti iwe unofanirwa kudzidza kushandisa zvirongwa kugadzira zvidimbu zvako. Hongu.
  • Iwo madhizaini ndidhiyabhorosi ekuona kwako. Saka kanganwa nezvekuvhura mahwindo paunenge uchidhinda.
  • Kuti uchada Nelly hairspray sekunge une makore makumi manomwe. Nelly lacquer inoshandiswa seglue kuitira kuti PLA inonamira zvakanaka kumubhedha uye inoshanda chaizvo chaizvo.
  • Maonero iwayo anogona kumiswa. Kana paine chikanganiso, kana uchizvidemba, kana chero, pane zvingasarudzwa paprinta kuti umbomira kana kukanzura kudhindwa. Hongu, zvine musoro kana vakuudza, asi kana vakasakuudza dzimwe nguva hauzvifungire.

software kugadzira

Sezvandambotaura, kugadzira zvimedu zvako uchafanirwa kushandisa chaiyo software. Pane zvese zvemunhu wese. Aya ndiwo anozivikanwa zvikuru.

  1. FreeCAD. Yemahara uye Yemahara Software. Iyo Open Source mureza mune 3D kudhinda. Ini ndatanga kudzidza FreeCAD
  2. Fusion360. Yakabhadharwa uye hapana vhezheni yeLinux. Kune marezinesi emahara ekushandisa wega. Asi ndazvirambidza
  3. SketchUp Yemahara. Inoshandiswa kubva kubrowser. Sarudzo inonakidza.

Zvisinei, ini ndichatsanangura izvi zvakadzama mune imwe nyaya yakasiyana.

Software slicer

Kufanana neCAD software, kune akatiwandei mashoma ekucheka pamusika. Anonyanya kuzivikanwa uye aunogona kutanga nawo ndeaya:

  1. UltimateMaker Anorapa. Gratuitous. Zvichida inonyanya kuzivikanwa uye inoshandiswa izvozvi. Ndiro randatanga kushandisa.
  2. Prusa slicer. Gratuitous. Kumwe kuzivana kukuru.
  3. Nyoresa 3D. Inobhadharwa, asi kana uchizoshandisa nyanzvi inogona kunge iri sarudzo kwauri. Ah, uye haishande paLinux. zvese zvakaipa lol

Zvinetso zvakajairika

Kuchiri mangwanani kukuudza nezvematambudziko akawanda.

Ini ndangofanira kutarisana nechakaipa calibration uye Warping, izvo zvidimbu zvinobvisa kubva pachigadziko uchidhinda. Asi ini ndakaigadzirisa ne calibration uye ne lacquer.

Uye ikozvino izvi zvese mushure memwedzi miviri yekurega kushandiswa. Kana ndangowana ruzivo rwakawanda ndinokuzivisai.

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