Comanche naJesús Maeso de la Torre

Ini ndinosimudzira kuti ndiri muyemuro mukuru wekumadokero, ndinoida. Comanche ndiye akahwina Mubairo weSpartacus weyakanakisa nhoroondo novel ye2019 uye inokurudzirwa zvakanyanya.

Iri bhuku, rine chokwadi chekufungidzira, uye izvi zviri kure nezwi re Bhiza Rinopenga uye Custer inova rondedzero inotaura chokwadi nenzira yakavimbika.

Pano nyaya inotenderedzwa muzviitiko chaizvo. Mishoni, hondo, nezvimwe, nezvimwe ndezvechokwadi. Hupenyu hwevatambi vakuru ndehwengano dzakajeka.

Inowanikwa muNew Spain mumakumi emakore ekupedzisira ezana remakore rechiXNUMX, apo Humambo hweSpain hwakadzora Mexico uye yaizozova United States of America.

Kamwe patinotaura nezvazvo madokero, tinotaurira nguva yeSpain colonization, pamberi pemakaravhani anozivikanwa evatorwa vatinoona mumafirimu vachasvika. Ini ndakanga ndisingazive kuti veSpanish vanga varipo, vachivhura nzira, zvakare vachitora yaizove United States of America, kubva muzana ramakore regumi nemana.

Ichi chinyorwa chinovhura chinyorwa, uye icho nenzira kubva kune rimwe bhuku, chinotsanangura zvese zvakakwana uye izvo zvandakawira murudo:

Apo vanhu vokuAmerica vokutanga vanotaura Chirungu vakapinda munyika dziri kumaodzanyemba nekumadokero kweNorth America, vakanga vatotsikwa-tsikwa kare nevaSpanish. Vagari veAnglo-Saxon vasati vasvika mumakaravhani avo engoro, maCastilian akange atovaka makereke, mataundi, nhare nemaguta zana ramakore rakanga rapfuura.

Vatasvi vemabhiza veYankee vasati vatenderera nzvimbo dzakakura idzo vachinzwa ruzha rwaGarry Owen, shato dzematehwe, kana kuti mambo, weViceroyalty yeNew Spain, akanga atofamba achiziva nzira idzodzo dzemusango.

Dzimba dzeAmerica dzatakaona mumafirimu aJohn Ford dzisati dzamiswa, nevashefu vanotyisa vekutaura kwakashata, varume vane pfuti vane makaro, Vechinomwe Varwi vemabhiza uye maIndia anotyisa, varwi vasina kudzorwa veSpanish presidios vakanga vatotonga mapani, magwenga, canyons nemapani, kubva kuLouisiana kuenda kuTexas kubva kuArkansas kuenda kuColorado, uye kubva kuNew Mexico kuenda kuCalifornia.

Uye maNavajos, maApache nemaComanches vasati vatarisana nevatasvi vemabhiza veUnited States, vakanga vatorwa hondo dzine ropa vachipesana nemauto akarongeka uye akatsiga aMambo weSpain.

José Antonio Crespo, munyori wenhoroondo. Vakakanganwa vaSpain vekuNorth America

Zano

Comanche yakatarisana nehupenyu hwaMartín, mukomana, mwanakomana waDragones de Cuera uye anova mumwe wavo. Tichamutevera kuburikidza nebasa rake rechiuto, mafambiro ake, mishoni, uye nyaya dzerudo.

Mishoni dzake dzichamutora kuti ayambuke humambo hweSpain, kuita zvibvumirano neMasons uye naBaba uye zvese izvi zvinoita sezvisina kubatana zvinoita pfungwa dzese munyika, panguva yehumambo hweSpain hune simba.

Novel yakakamurwa kuita zvikamu zvitatu.

Mafambiro ezvidhoma zvematehwe, nekurwa kwavo nekubata nemaIndia. Pano tinoona mararamiro emarudzi akasiyana-siyana, uye kuti humambo hweSpain hwakatora sei uye hwakakunda nzvimbo iyi.

Chikamu chechipiri chinotarisa kuItaly. Kwatinoona kurongeka kwevane simba. Vasori, curia uye mafreemason vari kuyedza kuumba nyika, imwe neimwe kuti iwane pundutso.

Nakirwa nazvo wondiudza mumacomments.

Dehwe shato

Kana paine chinhu chinonakidza chandaona ivo vari madragoni edehwe ekuSpain.

Vaizivikanwa pamuganhu se "mashato ematehwe" nekuti pamusoro pemutemo bhachi rebhuruu rine zvitsvuku zvitsvuku, bluish tripe shorts uye cobalt blue cape, vakazvidzivirira nejasi risina maoko remashanga kana ruvara rweocher, rakaputirwa kusvika kune manomwe akaiswa tanned. dehwe, risingapindike kuIndia miseve nemapfumo.

Vakazvidzivirira pakurwiswa kweIndia nemutemo weToledo bakatwa reuto reSpain, pfumo, nhoo, pfuti, pfuti mbiri, mabhandi e cartridge uye suede bhegi repafudzi, nekuzivikanwa kwechikwata chavo. Vakanga vakapfeka bowtie nhema nhema, bhutsu dzepamakumbo kana hembe neheti yakakura yeCordovan yakashongedzwa nemunhenga mutsvuku. Vaidzivirira ruoko rweruboshwe nenhoo yeraundi inoshamisira yakapetwa kaviri iyo maoko eCastile aive akamendwa nemavara akajeka. Shato imwe neimwe yakanga ina mabhiza matanhatu, mhuru yembongoro, nehesera, uye yakanga ina varanda vaviri vechiIndia vaishanda semambavha, neveimba uye nevatungamiriri.

Vaityiwa nekuda kwekuoma kwavo uye nekuzvibata kwavo. Kune akawanda epamutemo akanyorwa mareferensi kune yavo skirmish uye kurwa.

Musi wa26 Kubvumbi, 1776, mureza une 42 square-formed shato yakaramba kwemaawa mashanu ichipokana ne5 Apache zvichikonzera kubviswa kwavo mushure mekuyedza kuputsa maitiro avo.

Kunyangwe kurwa neGreenhorn kwakanyorwa.

Vaya vane utsinye havazivi kuti kukudzwa netsitsi chii changamire. Kurwa kwedu nemadhimoni aya kwakarurama, nekuti kwakanaka. Ibudiriro inopikisana nebarbarism. Kwavari, hondo ugororo, kuponda kwevasina mhosva, kutyorwa kwekodzero dzose, kunyombwa kwemarwadzo epfungwa dzisina simba uye dzakaipa pasina kuzvidemba. Mungaite here kurwa zvine musoro uye kwakaringana, changamire?

vakanga varwadziswa zvakaipisisa nenzira inotyisa yeComanche. Vaviri vakanga vakasungirirwa pamuchinjikwa pamatanda uye, pashure pokunge vasunungura nzeve nokubvisa chikamu cheganda ravo, moto wakanga waiswa pasi penhengo dzavo dzokubereka nadzo, dzakanga dzakapiswa zvinotyisa. Vamwe vaviri vakanga vaturikwa vakatsikitsira, vachipisa misoro yavo nevhudzi nenzira inotyisa.

Pasina kunonoka akacherekedza nzira, nzira dzenzizi negomo dzinopfuura dzakananga kumhenderekedzo yePacific, ichiteverwa nemumwe kunze kweAlvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Vázquez de Coronado, Antonio de Espejo kana Juan de Oñate.

Placet Hispaniae yaitonga kuchamhembe kwekondinendi. Uye kunze kwenzvimbo yegumi nenhatu Colonies ichangozvimiririra nekuda kwerubatsiro rweSpanish, vamwe vese vaive veCrown, kubva kuGulf yeMexico kuenda kuGreat Lakes, uye kubva kuMississippi kuenda kuCalifornia.

Ivo zvechokwadi vangakodzera chinyorwa chavo ivo vamene.

Zvirwere zvenyika yekare

Munovhero tinotoona misha yakaparadzwa nechibhokisi chinotyisa uye chimwe chirwere.

Makore makumi maviri apfuura muDominican, Fray Domingo de Soria, akanga aita chishamiso chekurapa chibhokisi muSantiago, Chile, achiisa jekiseni resirivheri negirazi cannula urwa kubva kuvarwere vane utachiona kuenda kuvanhu vane hutano, vakanga vabaiwa kweupenyu hwose.

Uye ndezvokuti kubvira pavakaunzwa murwendo rwechipiri rwaChristopher Columbus, vakawedzera semoto wesango, zvokuti muzana remakore rechi2 vakanga vatotambura nechirwere ichi. Izvi zvinotaridzika zvakanaka mubhuku Kukunda kwehupenyu naNoble David Cook

Wongorora

Misoro yandinoda kuenda kuferefeta, kuongorora nekuwedzera ruzivo.

  • Hernando de Soto
  • Vakataura mutauro usinganzwisisiki wakafanana neAztec: Nahuatl
  • VaComanches vakazviti vaNumunuu “vanhu,” uyewo “vanhu venyoka,” kana kuti vaKohmants, “vatasvi vemabhiza vanorwisa.”
  • Vaivhima tsuro netsuro netsvimbo, dzakakombama zvine ungwaru hunoshamisa.
  • Comanche mukuru Ecueracapa kana Iron Shirt
  • Boka rembwa dzehondo, vasati vatanga paramende, vakatamba kutamba kwemadzitateguru eMweya, iyo vanhu veIndia vakadana Hako, iyo mweya yakadanwa nayo.
  • Ndiyo inonzi maComanches iyo inviolable calumet pipe. Inongoshandiswa kuvhara zvibvumirano zverunyararo, nekudaro zita rayo "peace pipe, kana armistice."
  • Mutemo weMasonic wakaunzwa kwatiri nemuvambi wedu, Duke Philip de Wharton, uye The Treatise paTorelance yeVoltaire.
  • Isu takakura pasina kudada uye kuzvininipisa pasina kudzika (zvinoita kunge ndeyeMasonic kodhi)

Pamusoro pezve uye zvakakosha ndiko nzendo dzaJuan Bautista de Anza arikupfuura nemukondinendi itsva.

Ndinosiya ruzivo rwehupenyu hwake uye nezvemadhiri ake ekufamba eukoshi hwepamusoro hwenhoroondo.

  1. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Bautista_de_Anza
  2. https://web.archive.org/web/20150910072132/http://anza.uoregon.edu/siteindex.html
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20150619221135/http://anza.uoregon.edu/people/name.html
  4. https://www.nps.gov/juba/index.htm

Related mabhuku

  • Vakakanganwa vaSpain vekuNorth America. José Antonio Crespo-Francés naValero

Fuentes

2 mhinduro pa "Comanche naJesús Maeso de la Torre"

  1. Zvakanaka, chikamu chemuganho, chevatasvi, maComanches, maApache uye madhiri ematehwe anoita seanonakidza kwandiri.
    Chikamu cheAlaska hachiratidzike kwandiri kupa zvakawanda.

    Chikamu chenhoroondo muEurope uye zvese nezve Freemasons, nezvimwe, zvave kundifinha.

    Rumwe ruzivo rushoma zvakare rusipo pamusoro pekuti Hondo yekuAmerica yeKuzvitonga yakakanganisa sei miganhu iyoyo.

    Ongorora: 6,5 / 10

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