Balanced scorecard

cmi kana yakaenzana mamaki

Kunyangwe nzira dzakawanda dzaonekwa kusvika pari zvino, senge iyo JIT, dzakatangira muindasitiri yemotokari, havasi vese vanobva kune ino chikamu. Vamwe vakaitawo mipiro mikuru kuindasitiri, senge semiconductor neCMI (Balanced Scoreboard) kana BSC (Balanced Scoreboard) muChirungu.

Imwe manejimendi modhi inotungamira iyo zano kune yakateedzana ye zvinangwa zvine hukama imwe neimwe. Chinangwa chikuru cheiyo modhi ndechekushandisa nekutaurirana zano rinofanira kuteverwa mukati mekambani, kungave kwehupfumi / kwemari, kusimudzira, maitiro, nezvimwe, uye munzvimbo iri padyo, yepakati kana iri kure.

Chii chinonzi CMI kana Balanced Scorecard?

balance scorecard chii icho

El CMI chishandiso chemanejimendi manejimendi anokwanisa kuyera shanduko yekambani mune chiitiko chayiri kushanda, pamwe nezvinangwa zvehunyanzvi uye mhedzisiro yakawanikwa. Uye anozviita kubva kune inokanganisa nzira yekutarisa uye neakajairika maonero.

Asi sezviri pachena, kunyanya mumakambani makuru, kuenzanisa vanhu vese vanoshanda mukambani uye zvese zviwanikwa hachisi chinhu chiri nyore. Saka iwe unoda a control panel kubva kwazviri kutonga zvese. Uye zvichaitwa kuburikidza nemari kana chero imwe mhando yezviratidzo zvekutonga.

Kune izvi, ruzivo rwepanguva nenguva runodiwa kuongorora uye kuongorora kana zviri kuwanikwa. zvinangwa zvakasimbiswa kare kana kwete. Nekudaro, kutora sarudzo kana shanduko hongu, kana zvichidikanwa, ichave ichikurumidza uye yakajeka. Pane dzakawanda nguva, hazvidi zvachose kosi shanduko, asi zvinongotsvaga zvingangogona kutsauka mune zano uye nekuzvigadzirisa kuti vaswedere padyo nechinangwa chakatemwa.

Iyi CMI haingoshanda chete mumakambani makuru, yandataura pamusoro, zvakare kumaSMEs. Kusiyana nedzimwe nzira, mune yakaenzana mamaki kadhi, kushanda kwacho hakuzotsike zvakanyanya pane zviwanikwa kana saizi yekambani. Uye zvakare, haina kuenderana nedzimwe nzira uye inogona kutokwaniswa zvakakwana neepamberi bhizinesi kuongorora kuita sarudzo dzakanaka.

Historia

Kunyangwe zano rekutanga rakadzokera kuna Art Schneiderman, muna 1987, uye kuti aizozoshanda naiyeRobert Kaplan naDavid Norton, Ivo vekupedzisira ndivo vanyori vanozivikanwa sevakagadziri veCMI senge manejimendi sisitimu yekutanga ke1990 uye kunyanya kune semiconductor kambani (inozivikanwa Analog Devices Inc.). Wekutanga purofesa paHarvard Bhizinesi Chikoro uye wechipiri zvakare purofesa uye muzvinabhizimusi anozivikanwa.

Harvard University

Vaviri, pakutanga kwa1992, vakaratidza Balanced Scorecard modhi iyo yavakange vagadzira kare mumagazini Harvard Business Review. Izvo zvaive muposvo Balanced Scorecard: Dudziro Strategic muKushanda. Mariri vakajekesa kuti chikanganiso kungo tarisa echinyakare emari zviratidzo, kureva, mari, mari, masheya, nezvimwe. Kubva pane ino nyowani yekuona, zvakare zvakakosha izvo zvisingaoneki zvinhu zvekambani, sevatengi, hunyanzvi, zvinokurudzira zvevashandi, nezvimwe. Zvese izvi zvinogona kuve sosi yemakwikwi makwikwi.

Naizvozvo, a chishandiso chitsva kugadzirisa nzira dzese kana masisitimu kusvika zvino. Maonero matsva epasirese ebhizinesi, nekudaro achiwana mhedzisiro inotsanangurwa muchirongwa chehurongwa.

Wakaenzana Scorecard Insights

Balanced Scorecard inogona kutariswa kubva akasiyana maonero ekuona:

  1. Mari: ndeimwe yeakanyanya kunaka, chinangwa chekuzadzikisa mabhenefiti ezvehupfumi uye kuwana zvakanyanya kuita pamwe nekuderedza mitengo.
  2. Kudzidza / kukura: Kubva pane ino maonero, kukosha kwevanhu vanoita kambani uye tekinoroji kunotariswa. Vanachipangamazano uye varairidzi vanoita basa rakakosha mukati mesangano, pamwe nekuvandudza maitiro evashandi uye kutaurirana kwemvura. Asi iwe haufanire kunzwisisa pfungwa yekudzidza senzira yechinyakare yekudzidzira.
  3. Mutengi: kubva pano maonero, chinangwa chikuru ndechekugutsa mutengi. Izvo ndizvo zvinotorwa sechiratidzo chekuti kana iyo kambani iri kusangana nezvayakatarisira. Izvi zvinosimbisa mukurumbira wekambani uye nekuvandudza kukosha kwayo kupikisana nemakwikwi.
  4. Maitiro emukati: kubva pane ino maonero, zviri nyore kuwana ruzivo nezviratidzo zvezvikamu zvakasiyana zvebhizinesi. Zviratidzo mune ino kesi zvinogona kuve zvemhando yepamusoro, kugadzirwa, hunyanzvi, kutengeserana kana kukanganisa kwemari, nezvimwe.

Imwe yeaya maonero haafanire kuve kuremerwa ine zvinopfuura zvinomwe zviratidzo kana kuti isingazoshanda.

Zvakanakira iyo CMI

Kana Balanced Scorecard ikaitwa nemazvo mukambani, iyo zvinobatsira vanogona kuve vakasiyana:

  • Iwe unowana a yakafara uye yakajeka maonero zvebhizinesi. Uye sezvauri kuona, zvinopfuura zvinoratidzira zvemari.
  • Inobvumira tarisa shanduko yekambani. Izvi zvinobvumidza mazano ari nani kutorwa kwenguva yepakati nepakati, pamwe nekuita sarudzo nyowani nekukurumidza kuitira kuti zvinangwa zvakamisikidzwa zvizadziswe.

Shandisa Balanced Scorecard

shandisa zvine mwero mamaki

Kuti uite BSC mukambani, zvisinei nehukuru hwayo uye chiitiko, nhanho dzematanho dzinofanira kuteverwa nhanho yekugadzirwa kwechirongwa:

  1. Unofanira kutanga kurangarira zvinangwa kuwana. Ndokunge, kwaunoda kuenda, ndeipi chinangwa chemubatanidzwa kana chiratidzo.
  2. Mushure mekutsanangurwa la estrategia kuzadzisa izvi zvinangwa. Ndokunge, iri gwara remugwagwa kuona matanho anofanirwa kutorwa kuzadzisa zvinangwa mukati menguva yakatarwa.
  3. Sarudza iyo maonero uye zviratidzo iyo inoshandiswa sereferenzi kuyera kufambira mberi uye kuongorora mhedzisiro.
  4. Zvose nhengo dzekambani dzinofanira kuziva zvakanaka ruzivos epurani kuitira kuti ivo vagadziri vezano uye nzira yemugwagwa. Dzese dzichava nechinangwa chimwe chete, nzira imwechete yekutevera. Ipapo chete ndipo pazviwanikwa zvese zvinonangiswa kune izvi zvinangwa.
  5. ari maitiro zvinofanirwa kuenderana uye kujeka. Chete nenzira iyi ndipo pavanozopa data rakaringana rekutarisa maitiro uye nezveramangwana zviito zvinofanirwa kutorwa mukugara uchitaura ...