Cosmopolitan Ethics naAdela Cortina

Kubhejera kwehungwaru munguva dzedenda.

Ndakati handisi kuzoverenga mamwe mabhuku kana zvinyorwa zvinopesana nekumashure kwedenda. Mushure mekuodzwa mwoyo kwe Zizek denda,ndakabuda panze Innerarity Pandemocracy uye ndakanga ndatozadza dosi rangu rezvinyorwa zvedenda.

Ipapo ndakauya kuraibhurari ndokuona vhoriyamu Ethics cosmopolita uye ini naAdela Cortina ndakaverenga zvese zvandinowana. Nguva dzose inofadza. Mu blog ndakasiya wongororo ye Chii chakanakira hunhu? uye ndakamirira bhuku rake rinozivikanwa zvikuru rinonzi Aporophobia, kurambwa kwavarombo.

Bhuku iri rinofanira kunge riri muraibhurari yangu. Iri rimwe remabhuku aya aunozonyora pasi rose uye raunofanira kuramba uchiverenga. Unogona chitenge pano.

Uye neizvi ndinosiya senguva dzose zvinyorwa zvinondifadza.

Kusagadzikana uye mutoro

Pamitemo yekutarisira, mutoro, kusava nehanya, kuwirirana, tsitsi, chiremera.

Mhinduro yaEmmanuel Levinas yakajeka. Icho chiso cheumwe, mufananidzo wehutete hwavo, unondifambisa kuti ndive netsika, kwete kuzvimiririra kana rusununguko rwemunhu. Ndiko kuva kwomumwe anoda betsero kunondiita chidzidzo chetsika, ndinosungirwa kupa betsero, kunondiita kuti ndive nomutoro. Ndiko kuvapo kwehumwe kunokonzera kusungirwa kwetsika, kupfuura kuwirirana. Mutoro haubvi pachangu, asi kubva kunze, handisi ini ndinotanga, asi simba rechiso cheuyo ari kutambudzika.

Chimwe chinhu chakajeka chandakadzidza mushure mekuverenga bhuku iri ndechekuti ndinofanira kuverenga Ortega y Gasset ikozvino Aristotle.

Nekuti hupenyu hwemunhu ibasa uye basa rehutsika riri kuita, kuzviita iwe pachako nekusarudza mumamiriro ezvinhu kubva kune mamwe maitiro kana mamwe, sezvakataurwa naOrtega. Nokudaro, kusarerekera hakupo, asi tinogara tichirarama tichikoshesa, tichisarudza zvimwe zvinangwa kana zvimwe.

Chengetedza democracy

Mhando dzedemocracy uye zvatinoda kuti democracy ishande. Uye pakati pezvese ruzivo urwu donhwe rehuchenjeri randinoda kuratidza nekuda kwezviripo nhasi munharaunda yedu.

Kuti hutongi hwejekerere hushande, vezvematongerwo enyika vanofanirwa kuremekedza musiyano uripo pakati pemuvengi nemhandu. Mudzivisi munhu waunoda kukunda. Muvengi munhu waunoda kuparadza. Zvinosuruvarisa, kuwedzera zvematongerwo enyika evavengi, the zvematongerwo enyika sehondoIri kutsiva zvematongerwo enyika evadzivisi, uye populisms yechiratidzo chimwe kana chimwe ndivo vane mhosva yeizvi.

Democracy inyaya yakashata kwazvo mune ino blog ine kuverenga kwakati wandei

Guta rakanaka

Dzorera guta senzvimbo yekusangana yemagariro, tsika nezvematongerwo enyika

Kodzero yeguta ikodzero yemubatanidzwa, inoreva neimwe nzira simba rekurigadzirisa nekutungamira maitiro emaguta. Uye guta racho nderimwe remhando dzesangano revanhu rine chinangwa chekubatsira kuchengetedza zvinhu uye kodzero dzepamutemo dzinoumba vagari vemo: kodzero dzine chekuita nedzimba, nzvimbo yeruzhinji, chekufambisa, nharaunda ine hutano. Asi zvakare kodzero dzezvematongerwo enyika nedzemagariro zvinokonzeresa kuiswa muguta, sekuenzana kwezvematongerwo enyika, kuzivikanwa kwevashoma, muhoro wemugari kana mari yekutanga, kudzidziswa kuenderera mberi, kutarisirwa munguva dzekusagadzikana, kodzero kunyange nharaunda ine hutano uye budiriro. . Zvese izvi, imwe label kana imwe, inoti inovaka maguta akanaka, asi munguva pfupi yapfuura mitsetse yekutsvakurudza yakavhurwa zvakajeka ine zita rekuti "guta rakanaka"

Tinofanira kuwana hushoma hwekururamisira hunofanirwa kugoverwa nemunhu wese kuitira kuvaka iro guta rakarurama. kuve vezvematongerwo enyika vafambisi nemamaneja ezvakanaka.

Anopedzisira anyora matambudziko akamirira kuti awane guta rakanaka, asi ndinofunga kuti musoro uyu unofanirwa kuongororwa mune chimwe chinyorwa.

Gerontophobia uye denda

Chokwadi imwe yenyaya dzinonetsa dzedenda rose. Pakanga pasina zvokushandisa zvakakwana zvokutarisira munhu wose uye vanhu vakawanda vaida kuti vakwegura vasarirwe nemhaka yokuti vakanga vane upenyu hushoma kana kuti vakanga vagara kwenguva refu. Handidi kuti ndive iye anofanira kusarudza mupenyu uye ndiani anofa. Asi ini ndiri pachena kuti iwe unofanirwa kuve nenhevedzano yemaitiro uye munyori anotsanangura zvakanyanya.

Panyaya yemushumo kubva kuBazi rezvehutano, zvinotemerwa zvakajeka kuti tisasarura zvichienderana nezera kana kuremara, asi kuti tifunge nezvenyaya-ne-nyaya, tichifunga nezvemamiriro ekiriniki uye zvinotarisirwa zvinotarisirwa. yemurwere mumwe nemumwe. Varwere vakura vanofanirwa kurapwa pasi pemamiriro akafanana neasara eruzhinji, vachitarisa kune imwe neimwe nyaya, uye zvakafanana zvinoitika kune vanhu vakaremara kana dementia. Kuenzana kwakaenzana kwevanhu vose kunoda. Iyo heuristic yerukudzo inoponesa hupenyu uye, mune iyi kesi, inodzivirira kurwisa gerontophobia iyo inogona kuve yakawanda kana kushoma kuziva uye pachena. Uku kudzidza kune zvibereko kune zvazvino uye zveramangwana.

Vanhu, kubereka uye kushandiswa

Iri dingindira rinodzokororwa muvanhu, kutaura nezve vanhu vari kuita pundutso zvakare. Ichokwadi kuti munguva yedu ivo vakakanganwa zvikuru mukuda kwesayenzi uye kuti mubatanidzwa uyu pakati pezvidzidzo wakarasika.

… Mazwi aAristotle anonzwika, achirangarira kuti uzivi hwekutanga isainzi yepamusoro-soro nekuti haina zvibereko: «Zviri pachena kuti hatizvitsvage kune chero imwe kushandiswa, asi sekudaidza kwatinoita munhu akasununguka anozvida. uye kwete kune imwe, saka isu tinoona iyi seyo yega sainzi yemahara, sezvo ichi chete ndechechayo ».

Mubhuku rake Non profit Martha C. Nussbaum anobata nemusoro wakafanana.

Nokudaro, zvingava zvakanaka kujekesa zvinzvimbo zvakadai saMartha C. NJssbaum, uyo mubhuku rake reNon-profit, semune vose verudzi urwu, anotsoropodza kukara kwenyika yepasi rose, kunosundwa nechishuvo chemhindu, mu izvo zvinodiwa kudzivirira vanhu nekuti havateedzere purofiti, uye nechikonzero ichocho, inzvimbo yakakosha yekusimudzira vanhu uye demokrasi.

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Nekudaro, zvakafanira kutendeukira kune zvikumbiro senge izvo zvaRens Bod mubhuku rake guru Nhoroondo Itsva Yevanhu, umo anopokana kuti vanhu vakabatsirawo mukufambira mberi kwehupfumi uye kugadzirisa matambudziko chaiwo. Mukuona kwaBod, zvinoitika ndezvekuti nhoroondo dzakawanda dzesainzi dzakanyorwa dzichiratidza zvayakaita kuitira kugara zvakanaka kwevanhu, asi hapana nhoroondo dzevanhu vose dzakanyorwa. Dai taiziva nhoroondo yevanhu, taizoona kuti zviratidzo zvavo zvashandura mafambiro enyika,

Ini ndinokurudzira zvikuru Nuccio Ordine mubhuku rake guru Kubatsira kwevasina basa.

Ngwarira mashoko. Journalism uye social media

Kukosha kwenhau, izwi, chokwadi uye mhedzisiro yesocial network muhupenyu hwedu sevagari

Saka zvinoita sekunge social media, iyo yakazvarwa iine chivimbiso chekusimbisa hutongi hwejekerere, zvichienderana nemashandiro airi kuita, iri kubatsira kuikanganisa zvakanyanya. Vanoita kuti nhau dziwanike kune vanhu dzavaisazokwanisa kuwana, asi dzinopihwa dzakasarudzwa uye dzakakanganiswa nenzira yekuti kuwana chokwadi kunoratidzika kunge kwakarambidzwa.

Munguva iyo emotivism inotonga nzvimbo yeruzhinji kubva kune hoaxes, post-chokwadi, schematic populisms, demagogic zvirevo, kukwidza manzwiro anoparadza, zvinokurumidza kurangarira kuti izvo zvinodikanwa zvekururamisira zvine hunhu kana zvichisanganisira zvikonzero zvinogona kujekeswa uye pane kuti zvinokwanisika kuita nemaune pachena. Uye, pamusoro pezvose, kuti mucherechedzo wekuona kana chinodiwa chakakodzera hakusi iko kushevedzera kwemhere mumugwagwa kana mumanetiweki, asi zvinosanganisira kuona kuti zvinogutsa zvido zvepasi rose, kwete zveboka chete, kwete kunyange chete. veboka.vazhinji. ndiyo nharo yakanakisisa, mwoyo wekururamisira.

Populisms

Chikamu chino chinotsanangura chimwe chinhu chatakamboshamisika tose pane imwe nguva pataitaura. Zvinoita sei kuti varambe vachivhotera X? Ndiani wandinoziva, bato uye ideology iyo. Nekunyepa kwaakaita, ko vanhu havamufungidzire votomuvhotera zvakare.

Zvamazvirokwazvo, sainzi yekuziva inoburitsa pachena kuti vanhu vanofunga maererano nemafuremu ekuongorora nemadimikira; mafuremu aripo pamasynapses muuropi, aripo mumuviri muchimiro cheneural circuits; isu tinoturikira chokwadi kubva mumafuremu iwayo, saka kana chokwadi chisingaenderane nemafuremu, tinochengeta mafuremu uye tinofuratira chokwadi. Izvi zvinotsanangura kuti kuziva zvinonyadzisa zvine chekuita nevezvematongerwo enyika veboka racho pacharo, vaine nhau dzekuti ivo havana hukama, vane huwori, kana kuti ivo vanopa chaizvo zvikumbiro asi kwete masquerades, hazvichinji nzvimbo dzenhamba yakanaka yevagari. Kana iyo furemu ichinge yavakwa, kana chokwadi chisingaenderane nefuremu - ivo vanoita sevanoti - zvakanyanya kuipa kune chokwadi.

Ichi ndicho chikonzero dzidzo uye kufunga kwakadzama kwakakosha.

Democracy chikonzero uye manzwiro

Zvinhu zvinonyanya kukosha, kubva pakuona kweutongi hwezvido zvevanhu mubumbiro remitemo kana kuti urudzi hwevagari vemo zvingasvika pakupfupikiswa mune kwave kunzi bumbiro remitemo rekuda nyika. Zvinosanganisira, muchokwadi, kuomerera kune hudiki hwehutongo uhwo nzanga isingakwanise kuramba pasina kudonha pasi pehushoma hwevanhu, uye izvo zvinofanirwa kutsigirwa neakasiyana ehutsika mwero wemaximus.

Cosmopolitan ethics

Sezvatinoenderera mberi, tinodzika nekudzika mupfungwa yetsika dzepasi rose, kuti tipedze zvitsauko zviviri zvekupedzisira zvebhuku rakatsaurirwa ku cosmopolitanism.

Mugari wenhaka yekuvhenekerwa kweaoga nesangano revanhu vakasununguka, vanokwanisa kupa zvirambidzo zvavo kune zvirevo zvinonzi zvine musoro.

Itsika yepasi rose yekugadzirisa matambudziko epasi rose. izvo zvinosanganisa hunhu hwese uye hunhu hwatinoita sarudzo dzinobata isu tose. Iko kudikanwa kwekunzwisisa nekubatanidza tsika dzakasiyana, asi pasi pehutongi hwepasi rose hwezana remakore rechiXNUMX kudzivirira magumo akasarudzwa zvakakosha kune vose uye izvo zvatinofanira kuisa pamberi.

Huipi hwakanyanya, kana hwahwo, hunosanganisira tsika yekuisa pamberi pehundingoveni pamusoro pemutemo wetsika, kutevera chirevo chekuzvida icho chatinopikisa pasi rose kuti tibvumirane nevanhu. Uku kukoshesa kwehundingoveni, kunogara kuripo munyika yetsika, kuri pazasi pechiLatin vhidhiyo dictum meliora proboque deteriora sequor.

Asi munyori anosiya a utopian cosmopolitan city kuti ataure nezvematambudziko aizounza iyi iste uye kunyanya matambudziko atingava nawo kana tikaedza kuita hurongwa uhu.

Vanhu vanofanira kupiwa simba kuti vave magumo mavari. Hunhu hwepasi rose pasina kururamisira kwepasi rose hazvigoneke, asi izvi zvinoda hurumende yenyika, chimwe chinhu kunze kwetariro yeramangwana.

Kunyangwe zvichiwedzera nekuda kwekudyidzana kwenyika kune zviitiko

Sezvaunogona kuona, zvakawanda zvokuverenga nekufungisisa.

Tinotaura pamusoro pezvandinofunga kuti i typo

Papeji 84, rinotaurwa neshoko neshoko

Isu tinoziva kuti Sarnago Association, dhorobha reSoriano rakataurwa naJulio Llamazares zvakanaka muThe Yellow Rain -nekuti mataundi ane hukama-, akakwanisa kumutsiridza nekuidzoreredza, ...

Huye, huwandu hwevanhu hunorehwa mubhuku naJulio Llamazares (yakaongororwa pa blog) ndiAinielle, uye iri muHuesca.

Inonakidza quote

interdisciplinary inoumba ruzivo rwevanhu. Sezvo vagadziri veHumboldt University yeBerlin vainyatsoziva, huchenjeri hwevanhu hwakasiyana, mune zvedzidziso, zvinoshanda kana hunyanzvi hwekushandisa, uye kubatana kwayo kunoonekwa munzvimbo dzakasiyana dzeruzivo kubva kuhuzivi hunonzi "meta-ruzivo"

Mabhuku

  • Diki Yakanaka: Economics sekunge Vanhu Vane Basa naErnst Friedrich Schumacher
  • Republicanism yaPhilip Pettit
  • Shizha dzvuku raMiguel Delibes
  • Idzo tsika mbiri uye shanduko yesainzi. Kubva kuBritish physicist uye novelist CP Snow
  • Iyo Utilitarianism yaJohn Stuart Mill
  • Nhoroondo itsva yevanhu naRens Bod

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