Genesisi yaGuido Tonelli

Genesisi yaGuido Tonelli. kuumbwa kwechisiko chapose pose

Iyo tsananguro yakagadziridzwa kuna 2021 yeruzivo rwese nezve magadzirirwo ePasirose.

Munyori anotitungamirira kuburikidza nezvose zvatinoziva pamusoro pekuumbwa kwepasi redu. Kuchipatsanura kuva zvitsauko 7, nhanho 7 dzine zvibodzwa zvinokosha mukuumbwa kwechisiko chapose pose zvinowirirana namazuva 7 okuumbwa kweChadenga chechitendero chechiKristu. Kunyange zvazvo zvitsauko zvacho zvisingaenderani nezuva rimwe nerimwe, rugwaro runoparadzana.

Ini ndinoda kuverenga kechipiri kuti ndimise pfungwa uye kutora pfungwa. Ibhuku rakakosha muraibhurari yechero ani zvake anofarira zvenyeredzi, cosmology nesainzi yakakurumbira.

Hazvigoneki kuti ndinyore pasi zvese zvinonakidza chokwadi uye mazano. Nekuti ndinofanira kurasa bhuku. Zvekuti mukuverengazve ndichazvipatsanura kuita misoro kudzamisa.

Mumakore 20 kana kuti 30 zvechokwadi tichaverengazve bhuku racho toona kuti ruzivo rwedu nezvekutanga kwechisiko chapose pose rwakashanduka sei. Uye zvinonyanya kunakidza kukwanisa kutevera kuti tiri kuratidzira sei uye nekuziva kuti zvinoshanda sei.

Uri kutaura nezvei

Kubva pakushaikwa, kusanzwisiswa nhasi uye mutsauko wayo kubva pasina. Kushaikwa hakusi chinhu. Vacuum isati yasikwa chadenga chaive muto wezvikamu zvekutanga zvakazara nesimba.

Kupfuura netsananguro yengano dzehwaro idzo muzviitiko zvakawanda zvinonyatsotiyeuchidza nezvemashandiro anoita zvakasikwa. Iri dingindira rekutanga ngano chinhu chinondifadza zvakanyanya uye kuti ndinoramba ndichienderera mberi nekuwedzera.

Kubva kuBig Bang Theory tinoenderera mberi kune cosmic inflation. The Inflationary Theory ichiri kunyanya kukurukurwa pakati pevasayendisiti vakawanda, kunyange panguva ino inoratidzika seyo inonyatsokodzera kutsanangura denga redu uye nheyo ye cosmological, inogona kutsanangura kunyanyisa kuwirirana kwepasi rose pamwero mukuru.

Inotaura nezvekuwanikwa kweHiggs boson, kukosha kwayo, mitemo yepasi rose, kuumbwa kwemapoka enyeredzi, Solar System, Nyika, ramangwana uye zvose zvakawanikwa munguva pfupi yapfuura.

Isu tinoziva zvakaitika muchadenga kubvira 10⁻³⁵ masekondi ekugadzirwa kwayo.

Takatoongorora mabhuku akati wandei anotaura nezvekuumbwa kwechisiko chapose pose, zuva, Nyika neMwedzi, . Asi hapana chero chinhu chakatsanangurwa kana chazvino-zvino.

Rimwe bhuku rauchafarira zvechokwadi Nyaya yakanakisa munyika, yakadzokororwawo pa blog.

Ndinoda kucherechedza kuti kana Nyanzvi yezve geologist mukutambudzika paive nedzidziso nhatu dzekuumbwa kwemwedzi, ichitsinhira kuti chinonyanya kugamuchirwa ndeiya yetapuro huru. Guido Tonelli, anosimbisa dzidziso iyi seyakarurama

The Higgs boson.

Kubvira payakawanikwa, kuumbwa kwechisiko chapose pose kwave kwakajeka kubvira pachikamu chimwe chezana chebhirioni chesekondi pashure peBig Bang.

Nekuwedzera, denga rinotonhora pasi uye parinowira pasi peimwe tembiricha iyo Higgs bosons inotonhora uye inopenya.

Munda weHiggs unopwanya symmetry yekutanga yepasirese kuti igadzikane nekuteya zvimedu zvakakura uye kusiya mafotoni akasununguka.

Pamasekonzi 10⁻¹¹ magetsi emagetsi anopatsanura kubva kune asina simba.

iyo 4 mitemo

Zvinotendwa kuti Chisiko chapose pose pasati paumbwa pakanga pane simba guru rimwe chete, kana kuti mutemo mukuru unobatanidza uye kuti sezvo muchadenga chakawedzera nokutonhodzwa tanga tichiona kushanda kwechimwe nechimwe chazvo zvakaparadzana.

Chadenga chinodzorwa nemitemo mina inozivikanwa

  1. mutemo wenyukireya wakasimba
  2. mutemo wenyukireya usina simba
  3. mutemo wemagetsi
  4. mutemo wesimba rinokwevera zvinhu pasi

Sezvavanotsinhira pandima iyi uye vachisimbisa mubhuku rose:

Nyika yese yatiri kurarama mairi yakabatwa pamwe chete nemasimba atinogona kuisa muhurongwa hwekuderera kwekusimba. Chekutanga pane rondedzero isimba rakasimba renyukireya, rinobata maquark pamwechete kuti aumbe mapurotoni nemanyuturoni uye anoumba nawo nuclei yezvinhu zvakasiyana-siyana. Simba risina simba rinonyanya kutya uye rinonyanya kuoneka zvishoma. Inoshanda chete pazvinhambwe zvenyukireya uye hazviwanzo kutora nzvimbo yepakati. Inoratidzwa mune kumwe kuora kunoratidzika kunge kushoma kwemwaranzi, asi kwakakosha kusimba repasi. Simba remagetsi rinobata maatomu nemamorekuru pamwechete uye rinoronga kupararira kwechiedza nemitemo yaro. Simba rinokwevera zvinhu pasi ndiro rakanyanya kusimba, kunyange zvazvo richizivikanwa zvikuru kupfuura mamwe. Inoshanda pese panenge paine huremu kana simba uye inopinda mu cosmos yese, ichidzora kufamba kweasteroids diki musolar system kusvika kumasumbu makuru emapoka enyeredzi.

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Dhata rebhuku

  • Tsamba: Genesis. Nhoroondo huru yekusikwa kwezvose
  • munyori: Guido Tonelli
  • Dudziro: Charles Gumpert.
  • Editorial: Ariel

Guido Tonelli inyanzvi yefizikisi paCERN uye Purofesa weFizikisi paYunivhesiti yePisa. Akahwina Mubairo weBreakthrough muFundamental Physics uye Mubairo weEnrico Fermi weItaly Physical Society, aive mumwe weavo vaitarisira Higgs boson.

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