Nyaya yakanakisa munyika

Ongorora nezve nyaya yakanakisa pasirese

Nyaya yakanakisa munyika. Zvakavanzika ZveMavambo Edu naHubert Reeves, Joël de Rosnay, Yves Coppens naDominique Simonnet. neshanduro yakaitwa naÓscar Luis Molina.

Sezvavanotaura muchidimbu, inyaya yakanaka kwazvo pasi rose nekuti ndeyedu.

Chimiro

Foroma ye "essay" ndakaida. Yakakamurwa kuita zvikamu zvitatu, inosanganisira 3 kubvunzurudzwa nemutori wenhau Dominique Simonnet ane nyanzvi munzvimbo yega yega.

Chikamu chekutanga kubvunzurudzwa nemuongorori wenyeredzi Hubert Reeves kubva pakutanga kwepasirese kusvika hupenyu hwaonekwa paPasi.

Muchikamu chechipiri, nyanzvi yezvinhu zvipenyu Joël de Rosnay anobvunzurudzwa kubvira panguva inooneka upenyu pasi pano kusvikira madzitateguru okutanga avapo.

Pakupedzisira, muchikamu chechitatu, paleoanthropologist Yves Coppens anobvunzwa nezvenguva pakati pekuonekwa kwevakatanga kukwira vemunhu kusvika nhasi.

Kubvunzurudza kwacho hakusi kwehunyanzvi, kubvunza mibvunzo yakajairika iyo munhu wese anayo uye achisimbirira kuti aitsanangure nenzira inosvikika.

Chinhu chimwe chete chandinosuwa ndechekuti bhuku iri rakabva muna 1997 uye mazhinji edzidziso dzakagadzirwa pano dzakagadziridzwa. Muenzaniso wakajeka unoonekwa nekuumbwa kwechadenga. Kuonekwa kweHiggs boson kwakachinja zvese uye nhasi tinoziva zvakawanda kupfuura makore makumi matatu apfuura.

Asi zvakadaro bhuku rino rinoisa hwaro uye rinojekesa pfungwa dzesainzi dzinofanirwa kuve nemunhu wese. Kubva pakusikwa kwazvakaita denga, kusarudzwa kwezvisikwa, kuti hupenyu hwakamuka sei panyika uye kuti hwave kuchinjika sei, kuguma mumunhu uye zvinorevei kuti tiri "hama dzetsoko"

Senguva dzose, ndinosiya zvinyorwa zvinonakidza uye mazano andauya nawo. Ibhuku rekutsemura nekuferefeta imwe neimwe yemisoro yakafukidzwa. Chinhu chandinoda kuita nekufamba kwenguva.

Kusikwa kwechadenga

Kana waverenga chitsauko chino, zvingava zvakanaka kuti uverenge Genesisi naGuido Tonelli, kuverenga zvichangobva kuwanikwa zvine chekuita nekwakabva uye masikirwo echisiko chapose pose. Iko kusanganiswa kunoshamisa chaiko.

Kusanzwisisa kweBig Bang sekuputika kwehukuru hwose uye simba rakaiswa panzvimbo inoputika. Anorirondedzera sokuputika panzvimbo iri yose muchadenga.

Zita reBig Bang rinobva kuna Fred Hoyle, muongorori wenyeredzi wechiRungu, uyo akadzivirira chimiro chechadenga chakamira uye mubvunzurudzo yekuseka kutsanangura dzidziso iyi, akaidana kuti Big Bang, uye nezita iro rakagara.

Kwakabva upenyu

Hupenyu hahuna kuoneka mumakungwa, pamwe hwakamuka mumadziva nemachakwi, uko kwaive nequartz nevhu, uko maketani emamorekuru akabatwa uye ipapo anoshamwaridzana. Nenzira iyi, mabhesi ayo DNA inoguma kuumbwa inooneka.

Ivhu rinoita semagineti diki, rinokweva maion echinhu uye richivakurudzira kuti vaite chimwe nechimwe.

Mapuroteni anoumbwa, anoumbwa nemaamino acids anoungana pamwechete, achigadzira bhora paari. uye uku kumukirana. Iwo ma globules akafanana nemadonhwe emafuta uye ndiwo mafomu ekutanga anorarama. Kuvharwa pachezvako, kunosiyanisa pakati pemukati nekunze. Uye marudzi maviri emaglobula anoumbwa, ayo anobata zvimwe zvinhu, anoaputsa nokuabatanidza, uye ayo ane pigment, anowana maphoton kubva kuzuva uye akafanana nemasero maduku ezuva. Hazvinei nekunwa zvinhu zvekunze.

Inogona kudhindwazve murabhoritari

Stanley Miller, mudiki wekemesitiri wemakore makumi maviri nemashanu muna 1952 akatevedzera gungwa, achizadza mudziyo nemvura. Akapisa gungano kuti ape simba uye akakonzera dzimwe moto (panzvimbo yemheni). Akadzokorora izvi kwevhiki. Pazasi pemudziyo pakaonekwa zvinhu zvitsvuku zveorenji. Yaisanganisira amino acids, matombo ekuvaka ehupenyu!

Kwakabva munhu

Inotaura nezvekwakabva hunyanzvi, tsika uye kusanzwisisa kwatinako pamusoro peNeanderthals. Kuti vakanga vakangwara, kuti vakasika unyanzvi.

Inotsvaga kupatsanurwa kwechimpanzi, magorira, nezvimwewo uye mahomo sapiens nemaitiro eiyo geological process, kudhirika kweRift Valley, izvo zvinoita kuti mamwe mativi ayo asimuke uye kuita madziro. Mhosva, hofori kubva kuEast Africa kusvika kuGungwa Dzvuku neJorodhani, ichipera muMediterranean, anenge makiromita 6.000 uye 4.000 km yakadzika muLake Tanganyika.

Kune rumwe rutivi, kumadokero, mvura inoramba ichinaya, zvipenyu zvinoenderera mberi nehupenyu hwavo hwemazuva ose, ndiwo maape emazuva ano, gorilla uye chimpanzi. Kune rumwe rutivi, kumabvazuva, sango rinodzika uye rinova nharaunda yakaoma, uye kusanaya kwemvura uku ndiko kunosunda mhindumupindu kuti iumbe munhu asati avapo kwozoita vanhu.

Kusimuka, kudya omnivorous, kukura kwehuropi, kugadzira maturusi, nezvimwe, zvese, zvavanotaura, zvingave nekuda kwekuenderana nemamiriro ekunze akaoma.

nhoroondo yekuzvarwa kwepasirese, kwehupenyu uye kwemunhu

Evolution inoenderera, hongu. Asi ikozvino iri pamusoro pezvese zvehunyanzvi uye zvemagariro. Tsika dzatora nzvimbo.

Mushure mechikamu che cosmic, chemakemikari uye chebiological, tiri kuvhura chiitiko chechina, icho chinomiririra vanhu mumireniyamu inotevera. Isu tinowana ruzivo rwakabatanidzwa pachedu.

Sei izvi zvichishanda zvakanaka munyika yenyama uye zvakaipa kwazvo munyika yevanhu? Ko zvisikwa zvasvika pa "nhanho yekusagona" nekupinda mukuoma kunzwisisa? Izvozvo zvingava, ndinofungidzira, dudziro inobva chete pamigumisiro yekusarudzwa kwechisikigo kubva pakuona kweDarwin. Asi kana, kune rumwe rutivi, chimwe chezvibereko zvinodiwa zvemhindumupindu chakanga chiri chitarisiko chomunhu akasununguka, tiri kubhadhara mutengo nokuda kworusununguko irworwo here? Mutambo wemuchadenga unogona kupfupikiswa mumitsara mitatu: zvakasikwa zvinobereka kuoma; kuoma kunzwisisa kunobereka kushanda zvakanaka; kushanda zvakanaka kunogona kuparadza kuoma.

Zvimwe zvinyorwa

Nyaya yakanakisa munyika. Zvakavanzika zvemabviro edu
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Nezve vanyori

Hubert anotsiva

Nyanzvi yezvenyeredzi

Joel de Rosnay

Biologist

yves copens

Paleoanthropologist

Dominique Simonnet

Mutori wenhau

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