Scoville chiyero

Chiyero cheScoville chakagadzirwa naWillbur Scoville kuyera kuti mhiripisi inopisa sei. Inoongorora huwandu hwe capsaicin, chinova chinhu chiripo muzvirimwa zvejenasi capsicum. Akazviita kuburikidza neye Organoleptic bvunzo uko kwaakaedza kuenzanisa uye kutsvaga nzira yekutenga zvigadzirwa zvakasiyana. Kunyangwe hazvo paine zvisingakwanisike sezvo iri ongororo yenyukanoleptic uko kuzviisa pasi kwevanhu uye pfungwa yavo yekukwezva mukanwa, kwaive kumberi.

Nhasi (kubvira 1980) nzira dzekuwongorora senge High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPCL) dzinoshandiswa dzinoyera huwandu hweCapsaicin. Idzi nzira dzinodzosa kukosha mu "zvikamu zve pungency kana kupisa", ndiko kuti, mune chimwe chikamu checapsaicin pamirioni yemupfu wehupfu hwakaomeswa. Huwandu hunokonzeresa hweyuniti hunowedzerwa ne x15 kushandura kuita zvikamu zveScoville. Hazvingave zvakafanira kuenda kuScoville asi ichiri kuitwa kunze kwekuremekedza kune akaitsvaga uye nekuti iri sisitimu inozivikanwa kare.

Mhando dzakasiyana dzesango dzinogona kuve neCapsaicin yakawandisa kana shoma, asi kunyangwe nzira dzekurima uye / kana zvakatipoteredza zvinogona kuona kuti chipisi chinopisa kana kushoma kunyangwe chiri chemhando imwechete.

Scoville Organoleptic Bvunzo

Heino nhanho nhanho yekuti maitiro akaitwa sei. It Ndatora de Chirevo cheScoville Organoleptic Method yeiyo Kukosha kweCapsicum (https://doi.org/10.1002/jps.3080130310).

Dare repakati pevanhu vashanu nevane gumi vakapinda mumuedzo kuyedza iwo maenzaniso

Sezvo iri organoleptic ongororo, ndokuti, zvichibva pamanzwiro, tinoziva kuti tichawana mhedzisiro ine mukana wekuti mune iyi nyaya kuravira hakuongororwe asi husavi.

  1. Sanganisa zvakanaka 1 gramu yeCapsicum mu50 cc yedoro muhombodo yakavharika uye wosiya kuti ufambe kwemaawa makumi maviri nemana.
  2. Svina 0,1 cc yemvura yakajeka isingaonekwe mu140 cc ye10% mhinduro yeshuga mumvura yakasvibiswa
  3. Mashanu cc. yemhinduro iyi yakamedzwa kamwechete inogadzira yakasarudzika acrid kunzwa uye capicum kuravira mumuromo nehuro.

Bvunzo iyi inoisa mwero weiyo shoma huwandu hwecapsaicin inobvumidzwa mumushonga wepamutemo uye inoda kuwedzererwa kwechikamu chimwechete chepfu mhiripiri muzvikamu makumi manomwe makumi manomwe zvinofanirwa kupa hunhu hunorwadza.

Maitiro ehunhu haana kupokana nekuti kune avo vanoti haisi capsaicin chete inosarudza huronyo mumuromo, asi kuti kune zvimwe zvinhu zvinobatsira kuwedzera iwo manzwiro parurimi uye kuburikidza ne chromatography ivo havana kutarisirwa .

Scoville Scale Tafura - Spice Scale (Yakagadziridzwa)

Shandisa tafura iyi kuwana odha yehukuru pamusoro pekupisa kwemhiripiri, mhiripiri uye sauces pamusika. Mhiripiri yakasvibirira isingarume ine kukosha kwe0 mutafura, iyo Pure Capsaicin mamirioni gumi nematanhatu, muto weTabasco uri pakati pe16 ne2500.

Tafura yeScoville
Scoville Units Chili mhando
16.000.000 Yakachena Capsaicin
2.800.000-3.000.000 Mhiripiri X
1.900.500-2.480.000 Kufema kwedhiragoni
1.569.300-2.200.000 Carolina anokohwa
1.300.000-2.000.000 Naga Viper, Trinidad Scorpion Butch T
855.000-1.041.427 Naga Jolokia
350.000-580.000 Habanero Savinas Tsvuku
100.000-350.000 Habañero mhiripiri, Scotch bhoneti, Chile datil, Capsicum chinense
100.000-200.000 Rocoto kana muti weapuro,[10]Hot jamaican chili,piri piri
50.000-100.000 Thai chili, malagueta chili, chiltepin chili, piquín chili
30.000-50.000 Tsvuku kana cayenne mhiripiri, pickled chili, tabasco pepper, calabrese, mamwe marudzi echipotle mhiripiri
10.000-23.000 Chile serrano, chile de arbol, mamwe marudzi chipotle chile
5.000-8.000 Nyowani Mexico akasiyana anaheim chili, Hungarian wax chili
2.500-5.000 Jalapeno Chile, Padrón Pepper, Sauce yeTabasco
1.500-2.500 Rocotillo chili
1.000-1.500 Poblano Chile
500-1.000 chili anaheim
100-500 Bhero mhiripiri, pepperoncini, mhiripiri webhanana
0 Kwete inopisa, green pepper

Capsaicinoids

Iko kune zvigadzirwa zvinonhuwira kupfuura pure capsaicin, iwo anofananidzwa capsaicinoids eiyo yapfuura uye pano tinoona tafura yezvakanyanya kukosha. Pane zvikamu zviviri zvemakemikari zvinopfuura nekure iyo Iyo Tinyatoxin uye nhamba 1 Resiniferatoxin.

Scoville kupisa zvikamu mushonga
16,000,000,000 Resiniferatoxin
5,300,000,000 Tinyatoxin
16,000,000 Capsaicin
15,000,000 Dihydrocapsaicin
9,200,000 Nonivamide
9,100,000 Nordihydrocapsaicin
8,600,000 Homocapsaicin, Homodihydrocapsaicin
160,000 Shogaol
100,000 piperine
60,000 Gingerol
16,000 capsiate

Ziva kuti yakachena capsaicin ine mamirioni gumi nematanhatu maScoville mayuniti kuve odhiyo yehukuru hwepamusoro. Kunyangwe isu tine maviri capsaicinoids ane akanyanya kukwirira tsika, iwo haawanikwe mune chili mhiripiri kana capsicum. Are:

Tinyatoxin (TTX kana TTN)

Iyo analogu ye capsaicin, inoshatirisa zvakanyanya, inoratidzika sezvazviri mu Euphorbia poissonii. Iyo neurotoxin uye (senge ayo akafanana) anoita kuburikidza nevanilloid receptors enjodzi tsinga.

Resiniferatoxin (RTX)

Iyo analog-yakasimba simba yeCapsaicin iyo inoratidzika sezvazviri mu Euphorbia resinifera chirimwa chinoratidzika kunge cactus (asi hachisi cactus) chizvarwa cheMorocco uye mu Euphorbia poissonii kubva kuNigeria. 16.000 mabhiriyoni maScoville mayunitsi. Izvo zvinotyisa.

Ivo vari kutsvaga kurapwa kweRTX munzvimbo dzakawanda dzemishonga.

Ndiani aive Willbur Scoville

American chemist uye wemishonga (1865 - 1945)

Akaburitsa anotevera mabhuku

  • Unyanzvi hwekuwedzera
  • Zvinyorwa uye zvinonhuwira S

Inotemesa kuratidzwa kwechili mhiripiri. Chiyero changu chinopisa

Munguva ino yandave ndichiedza zvinonhuwira zvakasiyana ini ndinoda kukwanisa kuzvienzanisa. Isu tese tine kusashivirira. Asi izvi ndizvo zvavaitaridzika kwandiri.

  • Tsvuku habanero. Zvakanyanya, zvakanyanya kuchenesa. Zvakawanda zvekudya zvakatwasuka. Tinogona kutaura kuti ikozvino ndiwo muganho wangu wehunyanzvi. Handiwane kuidya chaiko, ndinoshandisa kubika uyezve ndinoiisa parutivi uye ichiratidzika kunge yakasimba.
  • Cayenne. Yakasimba zvinonaka, yakasimba asi inogona kudyiwa. Chinhu chinonakidza kucherechedza kuwanda kwakawanda muchikafu.
  • Carolina anokohwa. Super zvinonhuwirira, haina kana kudya. Bata nekungwarira kukuru

Zvinyorwa uye Zvinyorwa

4 Comments pamusoro «Scoville Scale»

  1. Mhoroi, maita basa kwazvo nechinyorwa, yatogadziriswa kare. Ichokwadi kuti zvinoita sekunge ndakaverenga kana kusazvinzwisisa, asi ndakaongorora zvinyorwa uye zvinoti «cactus-kunge chirimwa»

    Saka yakagadziridzwa.

    Thanks!

    mhinduro
  2. Ingo rangarira kuti nehunyanzvi resinifaratoxin uye zvakafanana hazvigone kutariswa seinovira Uye zvakare ane chepfu. Ini ndinotaura izvi kana paine chero munhu ane iyo "smart" pfungwa yekuvaedza ... asi nerombo rakanaka ivo havasi nyore kuwana. Kuti munguva ye youtube ...

    mhinduro
  3. Mhoro Carolina, ndinokutendai zvikuru nekujekeswa. Ndakanga ndisina kumbofunga mumwe munhu achifunga zvekuvatora.

    Ini ndinoongorora iwo musoro wetyfu uye ndichagadzirisa chinyorwa.

    Thanks!

    mhinduro

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