Thaba ea Mediterranean. Tataiso ea litsebi tsa tlhaho

Thaba ea Mediterranean. Tataiso ea litsebi tsa tlhaho

Buka ea phatlalatso ea Julián Simón López-Villalta de la Tundra ea bongoli. Mohlolo o monyane o entseng hore ke fetole pono ea ka lintlheng tse ngata.

Bukeng o lekola tsohle ecology ea moru oa Mediterranean. Ha u phetla nalane ea Mediterranean, libaka tsa eona tsa bolulo le mefuta-futa ea lintho tse phelang moo e re bolellang ka lifate, lihlahla, litlama, li-carnivores, li-granivores, li-herbivores, li-pollinator, li-parasitoids, likokoanyana, li-decomposers, li-scavengers.

Karolo e nehetsoeng pholoho (komello, mollo, serame, jj.) Le e 'ngoe ho likamano lipakeng tsa mefuta ea liphoofolo (liphoofolo tse jang liphoofolo le liphofu, likokoana-hloko, tlholisano, tumellano le symbiosis le lijong tsa mantsiboea le bahiri)

Joalokaha u bona, ke ponahalo e felletseng ea mefuta ea limela le liphoofolo le likamano lipakeng tsa tsona le tikoloho eo li phelang ho eona. Tsohle li hlalositsoe ka nepo ebile li kopantsoe ka botlalo, li fana ka kakaretso ea hore na ecosystem e sebetsa joang, hobaneng e khethehile haholo le hore hobaneng e na le mefuta-futa ea lihloliloeng.

Ntho eo ke e ratang ke lenane le leholo la libuka tseo a li siileng le tseo ke batlang ho li bala ho holisa likarolo tse ling tse nkhahlang.

Ho thata haholo ho fumana lintlha tsohle ho sengoloa sena, hobane nka be ke na le buka eohle ho blog. Ha ho na le lintlha tse 'maloa kea li eketsa. Mona ke pono e akaretsang ea seo u ka se fumanang mme ha ke ntse ke ngola ka mefuta e itseng, likamano, libaka tsa bolulo, jj.

Ke lintlha tse 'maloa tse khahlisang haholo ka boemo ba leholimo ba Mediterranean le libaka tsa bolulo.

E tla u khahla le uena Setsebi sa jioloji se bothatengs

Mabapi le boemo ba leholimo ba Mediterranean

Ke tlelaemete e futhumetseng ebile e na ka mokhoa o itekanetseng, lehlabula le chesang le le ommeng le mariha a bonolo.
Se khethollang boemo ba leholimo ba Mediterranean ke hore nako ea komello e thulana le boemo ba leholimo le nako e futhumetseng.

Boemo ba leholimo ba Mediterranean bo hlaha libakeng tse ling tse 5 tsa polanete. (Bophirima ba Afrika Boroa, Boroa le Boroa-bophirima ho Australia, Central Chile, California le Mediterranean Basin)

Ba li bitsa litropike tse nyane. Libaka tsa Mediterranean ke tsona tse nang le limela tse fapaneng ka ho fetesisa tikolohong e futhumetseng ea lefats'e hape li na le palo e kholo ea li-amphibian le lihahabi haholoholo palo e kholo ea li-endemism.

Mefuta e fapaneng ea libaka

libaka tsa bolulo tsa monete oa Mediterranean le boemo ba leholimo

Ena ke karolo eo ke e ratileng haholo. Hlalosa libaka tse 5 tseo re ka li fumanang le tseo ke neng ke sa li tsebe. Mefuta e meholo e mehlano ea tikoloho ea lefatše.

  1. Moru oa Mediterranean. Meru e tlase (10m - 20m) mme leha batho ba lumela, morung mefuta e mengata ea palantas e tlase haholo ho feta libakeng tse ling.
  2. Maquis (maquia, macchia). Ha moru o silafatsoa ke ho oela le / kapa mollo, jj., Lifate tse kholo lia nyamela mme boemo ba moru o senngoeng bo fetisoa, ka lifate tse fokolang le sehlahlo se sengata.
  3. Garriga (mokokotlo). Mofero o hlakileng haholo, o tloaelehileng oa mobu oa lejoe la mokoetla. Limela tse ngata tse nkhang hamonate lia mela, tseo lioli tsa tsona li ratang mollo o li thusang ho hasana.
  4. Tomillar (Phrygana,. Haeba naha e ntse e tsoela pele ho senyeha, e fetoha thyme, e nang le lihlahla tse nyane haholo, tse ts'oanang le steppe, moo thyme, e leng e 'ngoe ea limela tse loantšang haholo ho la Mediterranean, e qetellang e busa.
  5. Roquedos. Li lula libakeng tse lithaba, ha ho na mobu bakeng sa limela mme meroho e bonolo ka ho fetisisa le limela tse ikhethang li hlahelletse (ferns, mosses, lichen)

Libaka tse majoe tse tloaelehileng tsa libaka tse lithaba le tse ling tse 4 tse amanang le e 'ngoe bakeng sa tikoloho ka' ngoe li tsoa ho senyeheng ha se fetileng, ka lebaka la makhulo, ho rengoa ha lifate, mollo, jj.

Ho Ikkaro

Buka e mphile pono e akaretsang eo ke neng ke e batla, bakeng sa morero oo nkileng ka fana ka maikutlo ho ona le hore, leha o le butle, o ntse o tsoela pele: ho ithuta le ho thathamisa limela tsa liphoofolo tse fapaneng le kamano ea tsona tikolohong, empa tikolohong ea lehae., ke hore, tikolohong ea heso. Le ha ke le boemong ba webo ke phatlalalitse lihlooho tse itseng feela joalo ka lifaele tse ling ho mokokotlo kapa ka lebelo, lintlha le litokomane li ntse li tsoela pele ho hola.

Ke morero oa nako e telele oo butle-butle ke o thehang.

Siea ho hlahisa maikutlo