I-RCM (Ulondolozo oluGxile kwiZiko)

I-rcm ifakwe kwinkampani

El I-RCM (Ulondolozo oluGxile kwiZiko), okanye ulondolozo olujolise ngokuthembekileyo, bubuchule obujolise ekuphuhliseni isicwangciso se ulondolozo kumzi-mveliso. Oku kuvumela ukufumana uthotho lwezibonelelo ngaphezulu kobunye ubuchwephesha, ukufumana inzuzo ukuthintela ukubuyisela ezinye iinxalenye rhoqo.

Ekuqaleni, i-RCM yaphunyezwa icandelo lomoya, apho ezi ndleko zotshintsho zazibiza kakhulu, nto leyo eyadala iingxaki zezoqoqosho kwiinkampani zeli candelo. Emva kwexesha yayinwenwela nakwamanye amacandelo oshishino ngenxa yempumelelo enkulu eyayinayo kwicandelo elikhankanywe ngasentla.

Historia

Imbali kunye nenkcazo ye-rcm, ukugcinwa okujolise kugxilwe
I-TB-32 edityanisiweyo kumgca wendibano. Iinqwelomoya ezintathu zokuqala yi-TB-32-10-CF (S / N 42-108511-513). Nangona ezinye iinombolo zesiriyali zingabonakali, phantse ibe yinto eqinisekileyo ukuba yonke inqwelomoya iyintsalela yemveliso yeTB-32 (ibhloko 10 kunye ne-15, S / N 42-108511 ukuya ku-42-108524). (Ifoto yoMkhosi Womoya wase-US)

Un ingxelo ngo-1978 nguTom Matteson, F. Stanley Nowlan noHoward F. Heap, epapashwe yiDoD, okanye iSebe laseDenfesa laseMelika, yaba luxwebhu lokuqala olwavela igama elithi "ulondolozo lujolise ekuthembekeni" okanye kwi-RCM. Ezi ngcaciso zaseburhulumenteni zazibhalwe ngaba baphathi / iinjineli ezintathu ze-UAL (United Airlines).

Bachaze inkqubo esetyenzisiweyo kuloo nkampani ukumisela iimfuno ezithile ze ulondolozo lwenqwelomoya. Oko, kunye nengxelo yovavanyo eyenziwe yiRand Corporation, yaqala ukwazisa ngeendlela ezaziwayo namhlanje nezisetyenziswayo kolu shishino.

Oku akuncedi kuphela ukunciphisa iindleko, kodwa nako gcina ubomi. Iinqwelo-moya zelo xesha zazinengozi eyayisiza kuba phezulu kakhulu namhlanje. Iinkampani zokuhamba ngenqwelomoya zaziva zinoxinzelelo olukhulu ekuphuculeni ezo ziphumo, zibakhokelela ekubeni bathathe la manyathelo kwaye bahlalutye amaxesha obomi ezinto eziyimfuneko ezinje ngeenjini moya kunye nezinye iinkqubo zolawulo.

Kuphela kuxa babenokubona kwangaphambili xa kufuneka zitshintshwe okanye ziphinde zenziwe ukunqanda ukusilela. Into ebonakala iqhelekile ngoku, kodwa kuloo minyaka ilishumi yayikukufumanisa okwenyani kwaye kwaguqula indlela ezazilawulwa ngayo ezi mveliso.

Oku kungakhokelela kuthotho lwe izithethe nemigangatho yezizwe ngezizwe eza kusetyenziswa kwamanye amashishini. Oku kungakhokelela, ngo-1999, ekumiseleni ubuncinci benqobo yenkqubo yohlalutyo lokungaphumeleli ukuze ibekwe njenge-RCM. Kwaye kwaba njalo ngomgangatho we-SAE JA 1011 kunye nophuculo lwango-2002 olulandelayo lwe- I-SAE JA 1012.

Inkqubo ye-RCM isetyenzisiwe kumzi mveliso

I-RCM (UkuGcinwa koLondolozo oluPhakathi) isetyenziswe kumzi mveliso

Ukuze usebenzise i Inkqubo ye-RCM kwishishini, uthotho lwezenzo kufuneka lwenziwe, kodwa kuqala iinjongo kufuneka zimiselwe kwaye ziya kwenziwa njani okanye phi.

Iinjongo

Los Utshintsho oluphambili Ezaphunyezwa emva kokuba la maxwebhu:

  • Ukungaphumeleli kwempahla yexabiso kunxibelelene nobudala be-asethi kwiimeko ezininzi. Kuya kufuneka uqonde ngcono ukuba zisebenza njani izixhobo okanye izinto zokwenza oku.
  • Utyalo-mali lwezixhobo ezininzi ukuqikelela ixesha lokuphila lezinto. Kuyimfuneko ukuhlalutya amathuba okusilela (okungaphakathi okanye ngenxa yokusetyenziswa) kwenkqubo kunye nokuphuhlisa iindlela zokuphepha.
  • Ukuqonda ezinye iimfuno zokuthembeka kuyilo, iimeko kunye nemisebenzi ukugcinwa rhoqoUnxibelelwano phakathi kwamanqanaba omngcipheko ayanyamezeleka kuphuhliso lwezicwangciso zolondolozo. Ke amanyathelo anokuthathwa ukuqinisekisa ukubakho okuphezulu.

Ngomgangatho we-SAE, umzi-mveliso kulula kakhulu ukusebenzisa iinkqubo zokuvelisa, iinkonzo kunye nesoftware ehambelana ne-RCM echaziweyo.

Gxi ninisa

izigaba kunye namanyathelo okusebenzisa iRCM

Inkqubo yeRCM yaqala ukusebenza kuyo yonke into inqwelomoya, hayi iqela elithile okanye inxenye ethile. Inkqubo yonke akufuneki isilele, yiyo loo nto ingasetyenziswanga kwizinto ezizezinye. Kungenxa yoko le nto kwenziwa kwizixhobo zokufika, ii-injini, i-fuselage, izixhobo ze-cockpit, amaphiko, njl.

Kodwa kwamanye amacandelo angahambi ngenqwelomoya, kwakungekho nzuzo ukuyifaka kuyo yonke into, yiyo loo nto yenzelwe oko bakubizayo "Izixhobo ezibalulekileyo". Ezo ndawo zezona zisemngciphekweni okanye zibaluleke kakhulu, yiyo loo nto kunikwa ingqalelo ekhethekileyo kubo, ukwenzakala kwezinye izinto ezingabancedani okanye ezingabalulekanga kangako.

Qaphela ukuba isityalo esikhulu okanye izixhobo zinokuba nazo amakhulu okanye amawaka enkqutyana Oko kunokuba yinto ebuggy. Ukuhlalutya nganye nganye kuthetha ukuba utyalo-mali olukhulu lwezoqoqosho kunye nezixhobo zethutyana, ukufikelela kuhlalutyo lweenyanga kunye neminyaka, kuxhomekeke kubunzima.

Ke ngoko, kufuneka vavanya ukuba zeziphi Zizinto ezibalulekileyo okanye izixhobo kwaye zisebenzisa iRCM kuzo. Ukushiya ezinye izixhobo okanye izinto ezenzelwe oochwephesha bokugcina ukuze basebenzise ezinye iindlela. Le iya kuba kukugxilwa kwesicwangciso se-RCM, nokuba siyasebenza kubo bonke okanye kwinxalenye yamaqela kuphela ...

Ingxaki kukuba nakwizityalo ezinkulu zokuvelisa, isikere esinye, umbhobho, okanye ivalve engaphumeleliyo inokusikhubaza ngokupheleleyo isityalo. Oko kuthetha ukulahleka kwemveliso kunye neendleko zokuqalisa ezinxulumene noko.

Emva koko? Oku kukhokelela ekubeni ucinge ukuba akukho zixhobo zibalulekileyo okanye izixhobo, kodwa oko Ukungaphumeleli kubalulekile nakweyiphi na inkqubo okanye imboni. Ngesi sizathu, i-RCM kwizixhobo ezibalulekileyo kufuneka incediswe kunye nezinye iinkqubo zothintelo kwezinye iindawo ukuqinisekisa ukubakho kweenkqubo. Ngale ndlela, ziibugs ezinokucingelwa kuphela eziza kuphuma ngaphandle kolawulo.

Lo Eyona nto ingangcono kukuba uyisebenzise kuyo yonke inkqubo okanye kwisityalo seshishini. Amanye amashishini anokufikelela kubunewunewu, esahlula isityalo kwiinkqubo eziphambili ezisibumbayo kwaye sifunde nganye nganye ngokwahlukeneyo. Kule meko, kunokwenzeka ukuba uthathe iindlela ezimbini kwakhona: funda nzulu kwinkqubo nganye ngokunzulu (umngcipheko wokungaphumeleli) ngokuthe gca ngokufunda inkqubo nganye (umngcipheko wokungafezekisi iziphumo).

Imibuzo ephambili

Ngexesha lenkqubo yokuphumeza indlela yeRCM, kukho Imibuzo esi-7 ebalulekileyo ekufuneka iphendulwe ngokuchanekileyo ukuze ibe yimpumelelo:

  1. Yeyiphi imisebenzi yokusebenza kwenkqubo esezantsi nganye okanye izixhobo?
  2. Kwenzeka njani ukusilela kwenkqubo nganye esezantsi okanye yezixhobo?
  3. Yintoni unobangela wokusilela?
  4. Zeziphi iiparameter zokujonga (yeyiphi idatha elumkisa ngokusilela)?
  5. Zithini iziphumo zentsilelo nganye (ikhathalogu ukubaluleka kwayo)?
  6. Inokuphetshwa njani intsilelo nganye?
  7. Kufuneka wenze ntoni xa ukusilela kungaphepheki?

Nje ukuba uphendule ngokwaneleyo le mibuzo, ungakwazi Zoba isicwangciso esilungileyo Ukuthintela ukusilela okunokubakho, iziphumo kunye namanyathelo othintelo ekuza kufuneka athathwe.

Sincoma ukuba uphinde uphonononge into eyiyo I-CMMS (Ulawulo lweKhompyuter yoLondolozo oluNcedisiweyo) kwaye oko kunokukunceda kulondolozo lwenkampani yakho

Izigaba okanye iintsika zeRCM

RCM ngokweenkcukacha

Inkqubo yeRCM iye uthotho lwezigaba okanye kweentsika ekufuneka zifakwe kumacandelo apho wahlule khona ishishini okanye iinkqubo ofuna ukuzisebenzisa kwisityalo. Kwaye ukuyenza isebenze ngakumbi kwaye inomdla, ndinike umzekelo ngesityalo semveliso yombhobho wePVC.

Isigaba 0 -Izixhobo zekhathalogu okanye iinxalenye

Yinqanaba le-RCM apho a udweliso kunye nokwenza uluhlu ngokufanelekileyo kwezixhobo okanye iinxalenye yesityalo esibandakanyekayo kwinkqubo. Linyathelo elingafezekiswanga kuwo onke amatyala, kodwa kuyacetyiswa ukuba likwazi ukucacisa indlela ecacileyo ye-RCM.

por ejemploUkuba unesityalo sokwenza ityhubhu yeplastiki, ungadwelisa izixhobo ezenziwa kwindawo nganye, ezinje nge hopper, iibhanti zokuhambisa, extruder, njl. Oku kungangamaqela, kwaye kwiqela ngalinye kunokubakho iinkqubo ezisekelayo, oko kukuthi, iiseti zezinto ezinomsebenzi ofanayo. Kwaye inkqubo nganye yenziwe ngezinto, okanye iinxalenye, kwaye into nganye nganye inamacandelo okanye izinto ezithile (isikrufu, izixhobo,…). Konke oku kufuneka kuboniswe kuluhlu.

Ngokucacileyo oku kubandakanya ukufaka iikhowudi, ukudityaniswa kwezikimu, izicwangciso, imizobo esebenzayo, imizobo enengqondo, njl. Ukuya uxwebhu yonke into izixhobo ezenziwa sisityalo. Umvelisi wezixhobo unokunceda kakhulu koku, ekunokuthi kusekwe unxibelelwano kuye ukunceda amagcisa ukuba aqonde kwaye asebenzise amaxwebhu omenzi wakhe.

Kwesi sigaba nako kufuneka icace gca ukuba yeyiphi injongo yokufezekisa i-RCM. Oko kuthetha ukumisela izikhombisi kunye noqingqo-maxabiso.

Isigaba 1 -Funda ngenkqubo nganye okanye isixhobo ngasinye

Oku kulandelayo kuya kuba funda nzulu ukusebenza kwenkqubo nganye okanye isixhobo ngasinye ngokolwazi oluqokelelwe kwisigaba 0. Kungenxa yoko le nto kubaluleke kakhulu ukuqala kwesi sigaba sokuqala, ukwazi zonke iinkcukacha zobuchwephesha, indibano, kunye nokusebenza ngokubanzi kwamalungu nezinto.

Kufuneka ukuba uxwebhu ngalunye lomsebenzi amaqela, nokuba aphambili okanye asekondari, ukuba akhona. Ukongeza, ulwazi oluqokelelweyo kufuneka lubandakanye indlela owenziwa ngayo lo msebenzi.

Umzekelo, khawufane ucinge ngenkqubo ye-extrusion endiyibeke ngaphambili ejemplo. Umsebenzi wayo kukwenza ukuhamba okushushu kweplastiki entloko okanye umlomo ukuze kuveliswe imilo. Kule meko ukwenza umbhobho wePVC. Kule nto ufuna iimeko ezithile zoxinzelelo, iqondo lobushushu, njl. Ngaphandle kwamaxabiso afanelekileyo ayizukusebenza okanye iyakwenza kakubi. Ukwazi konke oku kubalulekile ukumisela ngokubeka esweni ukuba ukusilela kunokwenzeka nini.

Ewe kunjalo, nganye inkqubo esezantsi okanye iinxalenye apho izixhobo ezikhutshiweyo zenziwe nazo kufuneka zifezekise umsebenzi wazo. Inkqubo esezantsi eshushu kufuneka iyenze ngokufanelekileyo, inkqubo ebeka uxinzelelo kwiplastikhi ehambayo nayo, njl. Kwaye, inkqubo esezantsi nganye iya kuba nezinto okanye iinxalenye ekufuneka zichonge ukuba yintoni umsebenzi wayo (ngamanye amaxesha ayenziwa kuba ibiya kubandakanya inkqubo engapheliyo okanye inzima kakhulu kwiinkqubo ezintsonkothileyo).

Ngamafutshane, Ekupheleni kwesi sigaba unokuba noluhlu ezintathu: yemisebenzi yezixhobo okanye iseti, leyo yenkqubo esezantsi, kunye nezinto.

Isigaba 2 -Chonga ukusilela kokusebenza kunye nobuchwephesha

Nje ukuba uyazi imisebenzi, ngoku unokumisela iifayile ze- ukusilela kokusebenza kunye nokusilela kubuchwephesha. Kuthathelwa ingqalelo ukuba kwinto nganye eneenkcukacha kwisigaba 1 (izixhobo, inkqubo esezantsi, element) engawenziyo umsebenzi wayo, kuya kubakho ukusilela.

por ejemplo, Ukuba inkqubo yeplastikhi ye-extrusion inesistim esivelisa ubushushu kwaye yenza ukuhamba kwepolymer ngaphandle kokubonelela ngeqondo lobushushu (okanye ukubonelela ngobushushu obungaqhelekanga). Ke kukho ukusilela, kuba iplastiki ayihambi nge-extruder okanye ikwenza oko kubushushu obungafanelekanga, ivelisa iindawo ezingalunganga okanye ezonakeleyo.

Yiba Imbali yesiphoso inokunceda kakhulu kwezi meko. Ke ngoko, ngalo lonke ixesha kusenzeka ukusilela, kuya kufuneka uzame ukuqonda kwaye uhlalutye ukuba kutheni. Oku kuya kunceda abasebenzi bezolondolozo ababandakanyeka kwi-RCM.

Isigaba 3 -Ukusilela kweendlela kunye nezizathu

Kweli nqanaba le-RCM, kubalulekile ukumisela iindlela zokungaphumeleli okanye izizathu Kwingxaki nganye efumaneka kwisigaba 2. Oko kukuthi, oyena nobangela wokungaphumeleli kufuneka uchongiwe, okanye iimeko ezinokuhamba nokusilela okuthile kufuneka zichazwe.

por ejemploUkuba isixhobo sePVC sokukhupha umbhobho asinayo ipolymer eyaneleyo yokutyisa, izizathu zinokuba zezi:

  • Kukho ukuvaleka kwimigca okanye kukho ukuvuza.
  • Inkqubo evelisa uxinzelelo lweplastikhi yokuhamba ayisebenzi okanye ayenzi kakuhle.
  • I-hopper ayinayo iplastiki eyaneleyo ekhoyo.
  • Inkqubo yolawulo lwezixhobo ibonisa ixabiso lesondlo elingafanelekanga.

Isigaba 4 -Uhlalutyo lweziphumo zokusilela

Ngoku kwakuza kuza Uhlalutyo lweziphumo yokusilela nganye okanye imo yokusilela. Ngamanye amagama, ukusilela kufuneka kubekwe njengokubaluleke kakhulu, okunzulu, ukunyamezeleka, okanye ukwamkeleka. Iziphumo zinokuthi ziqwalaselwe kwiimbono ezininzi, ezinje ngempembelelo yezoqoqosho yokungabikho kwemveliso (inokuba isusela kumakhulu ukuya kumawaka okanye kwizigidi zeerandi ngokuxhomekeke kubungakanani beshishini), ukusuka kwiindleko ezibiza ukuyilungisa, ifuthe layo kukhuseleko, ifuthe kwindalo esingqongileyo (ukuchitheka, ukuvuza, ...), njl.

por ejemploKwisityalo sokuvelisa ityhubhu, ukusilela okubalulekileyo kukuthintela ukwenziwa kwemibhobho. Nakuphi na ukusilela okuthintela umsebenzi kuya kuba. Kodwa zinokubakho ezinye ezinobunzima, njengezinye ezinokunyamezeleka. Khawufane ucinge ukuba inkqubo yokondla i-polymer hopper iyawohloka. Ukuba ukondla kunokwenziwa ngesandla ngabaqhubi, kuya kunyamezeleka.

Isigaba 5 -Amanyathelo othintelo

Kwesi sigaba i amanyathelo othintelo ukunqanda ukusilela okanye, ubuncinci, ukunciphisa iziphumo zazo. Linqaku elisisiseko kuphononongo ngalunye lweRCM. Kuxhomekeke kwimpumelelo yesi sigaba, ukusilela kwexesha elizayo kunokuncitshiswa okanye kuthintelwe. Zonke ezinye izigaba ziza kukondla le.

Amanyathelo othintelo kunokuba ezininzi. Ukusuka ngokulula ukugcinwa ngesiqhelo, ekuphuculeni izinto ezithile, uqeqesho olufanelekileyo lwabasebenza, ukulungiswa kweenkqubo, ukubeka esweni ipharamitha, njl. Kuya kubaluleka ukumisela ubungakanani bexesha apho imisebenzi okanye amanyathelo othintelo aya kwenziwa, kuba oku kuya kufuneka ulazi kakuhle iqela ukulindela ukusilela.

Phakathi kwemisebenzi yolondolozo, ukuba uyakhumbula, zininzi iintlobo:

  • Ukuhlolwa okubonakalayo kwezixhobo.
  • Ukuthambisa ajikeleze oomatshini.
  • Ukuqinisekiswa kokusebenza ngokuchanekileyo. Inokuba kwi-Intanethi (ngelixa isebenza) okanye ngaphandle kweintanethi (ukumisa izixhobo), ngokucacileyo oku kulandelayo kuthetha ukuyekisa imveliso. Kungenziwa ngokujonga idatha, okanye ukusebenzisa ezinye izixhobo zokulinganisa.
  • Imisebenzi enemiqathango. Zenziwa ngalo lonke ixesha zifuneka. Umzekelo, ukucocwa kweenkqubo ezithile, uhlengahlengiso lwamalungu, ukubuyisela iinxalenye ezindala okanye ukufikelela esiphelweni sobomi babo ...
  • Imisebenzi yenkqubo. Zicwangcisiwe, oko kukuthi, zenziwa ngexesha elithile okanye emva kwenani elithile leeyure zokusebenza. Banokucoca, uhlengahlengiso, ukubuyisela, uhlaziyo, njl.
  • Uhlaziyo olukhulu (ukulungiswa okanye ixesha elinzima). Oku kuthetha umsebenzi wokushiya ikhompyuter ngokungathi ineeyure eziyi-0 zomsebenzi, oko kukuthi, njengokutsha.

Eyona mpembelelo yokusilela ngakunye, kokukhona kuninzi zixhobo kwaye iintlobo zokuthintela ziya kuthathwa ukunqanda oko.

Isigaba 6 -Iindlela zokukhusela ngokwamaqela ngokweendidi

Ngumzuzu apho kuyo yonke iRCM Amanyathelo othintelo abekwe ngokwamaqela ngokwamacandelo. Koko kukuthi:

  • Isicwangciso sokugcinaIseti yemisebenzi yolondolozo ebangelwe kuhlalutyo lwamanqanaba angaphambili.
  • Uluhlu lokuphuculwa kobugcisa-Uphuculo okanye uhlengahlengiso olunokuthi lwenziwe, ukuba lukhona, ukunciphisa ukusilela okanye ifuthe lazo.
  • Imisebenzi yoqeqeshouqeqesho lwabasebenzi bolondolozo, kodwa noqeqesho lwabasebenzi abasebenzayo. Akuncedi nto ukuqeqesha amagcisa ukuba abaqhubi boomatshini basebenzise okanye babanyanzele ngokungafanelekanga, ukuthintela ukusilela. Ngapha koko, kuhlala kucetyiswa ukuba umatshini ngamnye usetyenziswe ngumqhubi omnye ukuba kunokwenzeka.
  • Uluhlu lweenkqubo kunye nolondolozo: Bazama ukugcina kwiinkqubo zokusebenza kunye nokugcinwa, kunye neenguqu ezinokuphucula ngakumbi.

Ukongeza, kunokuba yinto enomdla ukuqaphela i- izinto eziyimfuneko, ezifana isitokhwe abaza kuzisebenzisa. Ngale ndlela, unokusebenza ngexesha, ngokukhawuleza nangokukhawuleza.

Isigaba 7 -Sebenzisa amanyathelo othintelo

Ixesha lokuba ukumilisela onke amanyathelo othintelo Kwi-RCM. Oko kukuthi, isigaba apho konke oku kungentla kwenziwa kumzi mveliso. Apha kuqala ukugcinwa, ukumiliselwa kophuculo lobuchwephesha, uqeqesho, kunye notshintsho kwiinkqubo kunye nolondolozo.

Iya kuba lixesha lokuba vavanya amanyathelo athathiweyoUkuvavanya uphuculo oluziswe yi-RCM, kunye nokubonelela ngengxelo kwimeko apho ezinye izinto zinokutshintshwa kwikamva.

Ngendlela, Okwangoku kwi-RCM, uya kuba nombuzo. Ukuba umzi mveliso ubusebenza ngaphambi kokumiliselwa kweRCM, ngokuqinisekileyo ibisele inayo isicwangciso sesondlo. Ke yintoni umahluko okhoyo? Ewe, ulondolozo ababesele belwenza lwaziwa njengesicwangciso sokuqala solondolozo kwaye ukude kunaleyo yafunyanwa yi-RCM:

  • Isicwangciso sokuqala sokugcinaIsekwe kwizindululo zabenzi bezixhobo zokusebenza onazo kwisityalo. Zisekwe kuhlalutyo olwenziwe ziimveliso zabo ngabavelisi boomatshini, kunye negalelo elongezelelekileyo elivela kubasebenzi bolondolozo ngokusekwe kumava abo. Ukongeza, baya kuncediswa ngamanyathelo asemthethweni okusebenza namaqela kwilizwe ngalinye.
  • Isicwangciso sokugcina esivela kwi-RCM: Kule meko, kuqhutywa isifundo, sisenziwa kumthamo wemveliso okanye uhlobo lomzi mveliso lowo unawo. Gcina ukhumbula ukuba izifundo zabavelisi boomatshini bazenza ngendlela eqhelekileyo, kwaye ayenzelwanga iimeko ezithile. Ukongeza, ukuba indlela aba matshini abasebenza ngayo iguqulwe okanye yatshintshwa ngayo, kunokubakho nokusilela okungaqwalaselwanga ngumenzi. Ke ngoko, i-RCM ichaze ngakumbi. Kwiimeko ezininzi kuya kubandakanya ukwenza imisebenzi eyongezelelweyo yolondolozo encedisa oonobumba bokuqala, kwaye kwezinye ezinye zoonobumba bokuqala zinokupheliswa kwaye zilungiswe ngandlela thile.

por umzekelo, Ukuba indibano ye-extrusion yemibhobho ye-PVC iguqulwe ukuze yenze imibhobho eyahlukileyo kuleyo icetywayo ngumvelisi wezixhobo, oku kunokubangela uxinzelelo olongezelelekileyo, olunokuthi lubonakalise ingqwalaselo enkulu yezobuchwephesha kwinkqubo esezantsi evelisa uxinzelelo.