Ihashe eliCrazy kunye neCuster

I-Sioux Indian ihashe eliphambeneyo elibethe i-General Custer

Ihashe eliCrazy kunye neCuster: Ubomi obufanayo bamaMfazwe amabini aseMelika nguStephen E. Ambrose kwaye iguqulelwe nguJosefina de Diego (Thenga apha)

La imbali yamathafa libali lokungavisisani phakathi komntu omhlophe kunye "nendle" yaseIndiya. Umbhali UStephen E. Ambrose ngumbhali-mbali omkhulu wenkulungwane yama-XNUMX eMelika. Wayehamba ilizwe iminyaka emi-4 eqokelela ulwazi ukuze abhale incwadi.

Isahluli somxholo

Ndihlala ndilithanda ixesha laseWest West. UMntla Merika ngenkulungwane ye-2, amaIndiya, amakhwenkwe aziinkomo, kunye nomkhosi. Ndilindele ukufumana i-biografi yabalinganiswa aba-XNUMX ababaluleke kakhulu ababekhona ngexesha nendawo. Kwaye ndiyifumene umsebenzi obhaliweyo ngokungummangaliso kubomi namasiko amathafa aseIndiya, Ukusuka eMelika kunye nabalinganiswa bayo abaphambili abadibana ngokwasemzimbeni izihlandlo ezi-2 kuphela nangona bebesoloko besilwa.

Jonga, bendihlala ndicinga ukuba amaNdiya "amabi", amajoni enza izinto nzima kumlungu, yayingama-Apache, kwaye kuyabonakala ukuba inkcaso enkulu yamaNdiya yayiyiSioux. Besele sisazi ukuba abamhlophe babebi, incwadi iyangqina kwaye iyayibhala. Njengolutsha sisonwabile ngeemovie zasentshona kunye nespaghetti sentshona, de sifunde ukuba imbali ayizange. Xa ufunda indlela abazama ngayo ukudala iimfuno phakathi kweSioux ukuze bakwazi ukuzithenga, bexakeke ngaphezu kwayo yonke into enxilisayo, njengoko urhulumente waseUnited States ephula izivumelwano ababenazo kunye nabo ngokungafaniyo, njengoko ngokuzilambisayo kubalambile kwiindawo zokugcina , kakuhle ukuba…. kodwa imbali sisihloko esinzima.

Ukuphela kwenkulungwane ye-19 eMelika libali lokungavisisani phakathi kwabamhlophe kunye namaNdiya. AmaIndiya anobomi obunobunkunkqele kunye nomntu omhlophe kwihlabathi lonyuso lobungxowankulu kunye nokunyoluka okungapheliyo. Umlambo ongenakwenzeka ukuyeka. Kwakungekho ndawo yabo bobabini kwaye amaNdiya ayengenanto yokwenza. Banokulwa, baphumelele iimfazwe, kodwa nokuba beboyisile onke amadabi, bekunzima kubo ukuba bayeke ukungena kwabahlali abatsha, inkitha yabantu, ababeqala ukufika, kwaye ngokuhamba kwexesha babeza kungena, ewe okanye ewe.

Eyona ngxaki iphambili yemfazwe namaIndiya kukuba babengabafumani kwaye xa bebabona abanakubabamba. Ngayo yonke le nto, indlela yokulwa kwala macala mabini yayihluke kakhulu kwaye andithethi nje ukuba umkhosi waseMelika uqeqeshwe kakhulu kwaye unezixhobo, kodwa kwanoko kulwa namaNdiya phakathi kwawo, umzekelo uSioux ngokuchasene Izihlwele. Zimbalwa amaxesha okusweleka kwaye ukuba bekukho bambalwa kakhulu. Into amaIndiya awayeyifuna yayikukufumana ukufaneleka Ngento abayibiza ngokuba "sisibalo esibalulekileyo," esinokuthi sisondele kakhulu kutshaba simchukumise, okanye simenzakalise, umbuzo ibikukubonisa isibindi sokungabulali iintshaba. Ukongeza, amaIndiya ayenoluvo oluphezulu ngobomi kunye nabantu bawo, ukuba kumlo bekukho umntu omnye okanye ababini abaswelekileyo, bathatha umhlala-phantsi, bakubona kungafaneleki ukuba umntu afe nje kuba, esazi ukuba bangaphantsi.

Ukulwa, ukuzingela, ukweba amahashe kwezinye izizwe okanye ukuba kwiifama, kwakuyinkcubeko yamaIndiya aselula, awayefuna ukufumana isidima sokufumana udumo kunye negama kwisizwe sabo.

Kwelinye icala, iinjengele zomkhosi zazifuna ukufumana elona nani liphezulu lexhoba elivela elutshabeni, kodwa oku kunomdla, nkqu nakumadoda abo, ngexesha lemfazwe yamakhaya, Iinjengele ezaphulukana namadoda amaninzi emfazweni zaduma ngokuba nesibindi, bavela kumaphephandaba njengamaqhawe okwenene. Ngaphandle kokuya phambili, uCuster, i-kamikace yokwenyani, wayeza kulwa edabini namadoda akhe kwiimeko zokuzithoba ngokucacileyo, ngamanye amaxesha ephulukana namawaka amadoda kwaye eyithatha njengempumelelo.

Kodwa sukuyicinga loo nto Imfazwe ayizange iphumelele ngumkhosi wase-US, owaphumelela ukugxotha ama-Indiya yayingumgaqo kaloliwe. Njengoko yayiqhubela phambili emathafeni, abazingeli kunye nezithambisi zaye zaya apho, zizingela iinyathi. AmaIndiya angenakutya kwanyanzeleka ukuba ahambe aye ngasentshona. Kuqikelelwa ukuba umhlambi omkhulu wenyathi welizwekazi wawunezigidi ezingama-50 zentloko. Emva kokudlula komlungu, kwasala iinyathi ezingama-3.000 XNUMX zaseMelika.

Amathafa aseIndiya

Abantu abakhululekileyo, abakhululekileyo ngokwenyani, Apho ixabiso nembeko zazikhona, kwaye nemithetho yentengiso yayingenantsingiselo, de kwafika umlungu.

Ubomi babo babunqabile, bachitha ixesha labo besenza into abayithandayo, besilwa ngokungacwangciswanga, bephumla, bedlala nabantwana. Ngaphandle kwemithetho. Ubomi bakhe babungabandakanyi ukuqokelela izinto okanye izinto, ngokuchaseneyo, kokukhona wabelana nabanye, kokukhona kubonakala kakuhle ukuba babengaphakathi kwesizwe. Ndiyamangaliswa ziinkcukacha ezininzi asixelela zona ngobomi bakhe kuyo yonke le ncwadi, ukusuka kumbono wakhe wabantwana, ababevunyelwe ukuba babone yonke into, kangangokuba babemvumela nokuba achukumise umlilo ukuze afunde ukuba ayifanelanga ukwenziwa, nditsho nothando olunzulu ngabo, kum-Indiya kwakungekho ngqiqweni ukubetha okanye ukohlwaya umntwana ngokomzimba, ngokungafaniyo nomlungu owayelawulwa yimfundo yentsimbi yase-Bhritane.

Siyabona ukuba njani uGeneral Custer nomkhosi wamahashe weSixhenxe okanye eminye imikhosi yasemkhosini, ukuhamba iikhilomitha ezingama-80 ngemini yayiyidosi yomzamo we-titanic. Inkampu yamaNdiya eneentente zayo, abasetyhini, abantwana kunye nabantu abadala banokuhamba iikhilomitha ezingama-90 ngosuku.

Umdla wamajoni aselula yayikukuzuza iwonga, ngokulwa nezinye izizwe okanye ngokuzingela, kodwa njengokuba babesele bekhulile inkxalabo yabo yayikukhusela inkampu nabantu bayo.

Ukulungiswa ngokupheleleyo kwimeko-bume apho bahlala khona, kwathiwa ukuba ungashiya i-Indiya ingenanto phakathi kwamathafa ngenyanga iyakuba nezixhobo, iimpahla, ukutya kunye nevenkile.

Enye yeengxaki zonxibelelwano phakathi komkhosi namaIndiya kukuba babengenankosi, akukho mntu wayala inkampu, ngakumbi isizwe. Kwakungekho mntu umele isizwe sama-Indiya, oku kwakungaphandle kwengqondo yakhe. Yiyo loo nto kungekho sivumelwano okanye isivumelwano esinokuqinisekisa ukuba siyakuzaliseka.

ICaballo Loco

I-Sioux Indian ihashe eliphambeneyo elibethe i-General Custer

Nangona wayesaziwa kakuhle, wayengazange acinge ukuba inani lakhe libaluleke kakhulu kumaIndiya. Kusenokwenzeka eyona indiya yaziwayo, Sioux Oglala Lakota, kugqatso olungenazinkokheli waphumelela into engazange yabonwa ngaphambili, into eyayingacingeki ukuba idityaniswe kwaye ikhokele inani elikhulu lezizwe (iSioux kunye neCheyennes) bonke abo babekhululekile kwaye uninzi lwashiya ukubekelwa indawo okokugqibela. Idabi elikhulu eLittle Bighorn.

Umntu ongenakonakala, okrelekrele owafunda ukulwa nomlungu ngokucinezela amadoda akhe ukuze bangaqalisi uhlaselo lwembeko. Wayesilwa kwaye ebakhusela abantu bakhe. Wayenobomi obulilolo phakathi kwesizwe, ngenxa yokufaneleka kwakhe njengegorha wamiselwa ukuba aphathe ihempe, uhlobo lwenkokheli yebhunga lomlo, elalizisela iingxaki ezinkulu kuye. Umntu ophethe ihempe akanakwenza nto ukophula uxolo lwenkampu ukuze ihashe eligezayo lingahambi kunye nomfazi amthandayo otshate nenye indoda. Uqhawulo-mtshato phakathi kwamaNdiya lwalulula, umfazi wayezothatha izinto zakhe ahambe nenye indoda, wayenesipho esithile sokuqinisekisa umyeni wakhe omdala ukuba kunokwenzeka.

Njengengxelo ye-anecdotal yokuba bayakha umfanekiso oqingqiweyo entabeni ukuhlonipha iHashe eliHlanyayo, njengaleyo ikwiNtaba iRushmore. kodwa ndiyishiya le ngesinye isihlandlo kuba iyasiphambukisa kakhulu kulo mbandela.

Custer

I-Custer Jikelele yomkhosi wamahashe wesi-XNUMX

UGeneral Custer, wasuka efama esiya eWest Point, esiya kulwa kwimfazwe yamakhaya kwaye azigcwalise ngembeko ze agqibe ukuhambela ngasentshona ekulweni namaIndiya kunye nomkhosi wamahashe wesi-7 njengethemba elikhulu lomkhosi waseMntla Melika. Ubuntu obomeleleyo, umntu ogqithisileyo, owatsala amajoni akhe, owakwaziyo ukuzuza okuninzi kubo kodwa kwangaxeshanye egcwele izithunzi, kuluntu apho sizifumana sigcwele imibuzo yezopolitiko kunye nokuthandwa, urhwaphilizo,. .. Konke oku? Kubonakala ngathi izinto ezininzi azikatshintshi.,

Kodwa uCuster, ukongeza ekunyamezeleni okungaphaya komntu, wayengumntu olungileyo jikelele, ezinekratshi kunye neqhinga elihle. Ukungoyiki ekulweni, kodwa ulumke kakhulu. Ukuhamba kwakhe kwimfazwe yamakhaya kumenze waba ligorha kwilizwe lakhe. Ukuzithemba kwakhe kwamzisela ukoyiswa kunye nokufa kwiMfazwe yaseLittle Bighorn.

Njengomdla ndishiya ezinye zeengoma ababehamba ngazo behlawulisa umculo wamaIndiya onokuthi uwusebenzise ukuphononongwa

UGarry owen

Intombazana endiyishiyileyo emva kwam

Ngamazwi ndithanda ngakumbi

Ukongeza kubomi bakhe, ixesha lakhe eWest Point, ukuthandana nenkosikazi yakhe eyayihamba naye ngokungathandabuzekiyo kude kube sekupheleni kweentsuku zakhe,

Ngaphandle kokufuna ukungena kwiinkcukacha, idabi lase-Washita lindothusile, ukubulawa okwenyani kwedolophu yaseIndiya eyathathwa njengempumelelo yemfazwe emathafeni. Kwakungokokuqala ukuba bakwazi ukubulala iiRedskins ezininzi.

Ubomi bakhe bufanele i-biografi eyahlukileyo, kukho izifundo ezininzi ngomzimba wakhe nakubuntu bakhe, ngenxa yezichaso ezininzi azenzileyo kunye neeleta ezingapheliyo kumfazi wakhe.

Ilifu eliBomvu

Ilifu eliyiNtloko eliBomvu laseIndiya

Akuthandabuzeki Ilifu eliBomvu, uye waba sisikhohlakali sencwadi. Nangona kulula kakhulu ukugweba izenzo zabantu, ngaphandle kokwazi ngokuqinisekileyo izinto ezibangela zona. IHashe eliHlanyayo lahlala lithembekile kubantu balo kude kube sekupheleni, elingenakonakala, njengoSitting Bull nezinye iiSioux ezininzi. UCuster esinokuthi sibe nobudlelwane obungaphantsi okanye obuncinci sikhusele izimvo zakhe, kwaye njengoCrazy Horse ukwenzile de kube sekupheleni.

Basithembise izinto ezininzi, ngaphezu kokuba ndikhumbula. Kodwa abakhange bathobele namnye kubo, ngaphandle komnye: bathembisa ukuba bazakuthatha imihlaba yethu kuthi ...

Nangona kunjalo, kwi ILifu eliBomvu libonisa inkokeli eyonakeleyo yeSioux, ethe "yathengisa" nje kumlungu, ongena kwimidlalo yezopolitiko ukugcina nokugcina amandla ebenawo kwindawo yakhe kwaye ungcatsha iHashe eliHlanyayo ngenxa yomona nokulondoloza amandla akhe.

Ayikuko ukuba uwushiyile umlo wokuya kubhukisho, oku kunokuba yinto eqondakalayo kumntu ofuna ukusindisa abantu bakhe kwaye owaziyo ukuba imfazwe ilahlekile, umntu okholelwa kwizithembiso zikarhulumente. Kodwa umfanekiso le ncwadi iwunika lowo wezopolitiko. Ewe uLifu Olubomvu waba ngumpolitiki wabantu bakhe, engenelela kurhulumente kwaye efumana ulondolozo lwamandla kwindawo yakhe.

Umlungu uyakwazi ukwenza yonke into kodwa akayazi ukuba uyisasaza njani (iLifu eliBomvu)

Njengamaxesha onke, ii-biographies ziyingozi, akufuneki sithabatheke ngumbono wokuqala, kodwa kuya kufuneka sifunde kwaye sihlalutye imeko kunye nobomi beLifu eliBomvu, kodwa oku kuya kushiyeka ngelinye ixesha.

Ihleli inkunzi

Uhleli uBull, omnye wamaIndiya okhululekileyo okugqibela ukuba avele kumdlalo weBuffalo Bill Cody

Kunye neCrazy Horse enye yeenkokheli eziye zanikezela ngokuchaseneyo kude kube sekupheleni. Okulandelayo Isicatshulwa esivela kule ncwadi sichaza uMdaniso weSitting Bull weLanga Kubonakala ngathi kuncinci kum.

Yayiyinto entle, kwakuthethwa ngayo amashumi eminyaka. Zonke iiSioux kunye neCheyenne zihlanganisene ngesangqa esikhulu. yonke into ibisenziwa ngokweendlela zakudala, kusenziwa isithethe esingqongqo nesichubekileyo. Iintombi ezinyulu zawugawula umthi ongcwele, iinkokheli zawusa kwisangqa senkampu, amajoni abala ukubethwa kuwo. Iingqayi zebuffalo zazilungisiwe, kunye nemibhobho engcwele kunye nezinye izinto. Amadoda amaninzi angena kumdaniso, ngokuzithoba ekuzithuthumbiseni ukuze iWakan Tanka, Onke, ancume nabantu bayo. Ukuhlala kweBull - isifuba sakhe besele siphawulwe yimidaniso yelanga yangaphambili - wayeyinkokeli kunye nomxhasi. Wahlala emhlabeni, umqolo wakhe usiya kwipali yeSun Dance, ngelixa umzalwana wakhe owamkelekileyo, uJumping Bull, waphakamisa intwana yesikhumba sikaSitting Bull nge-awl wayisika ngemela ebukhali. Ukutsiba kweBull kunqunqe iziqwenga zenyama ezingama-50 ukusuka kuSitting Bull ingalo yasekunene, emva koko enye engama-50 ngaphezulu engalweni yasekhohlo.

Ngegazi elibaleka zombini iingalo zakhe, uSitting Bull wadanisa ejikeleze isibonda, ejonge elangeni. Wadanisa de kwatshona ilanga, ubusuku bonke nangomso olandelayo, kangangeeyure ezili-18 wadanisa. Emva koko waphela.

Wagqiba eCanada, kwafuneka abuye kwaye emva kweminyaka emi-2 entolongweni, bathathe inxaxheba kumdlalo weBuffalo Bill Cody, apho wafumana udumo nemali.

Isahluli somxholo

Nge Sioux kunye neCheyennes kunye isiphelo safika kwidabi lokugqibela elikhulu, elaphelisa ubomi bukaCuster kunye nomkhosi wakhe wesixhenxe, ngenxa yesicwangciso esiliqili kunye nokuthembela kakhulu kwimikhosi yabo. Emva kwexesha, kwafika amanye amadabi, kunye nama-Apache kunye neGerónimo, kodwa oku akusekho kule ncwadi, kuba nangona kwakusekho amadabi aseleyo, imfazwe yaphumelela.

Yonke into endikuxelele yona ilukrwada kakhulu, ndingadinga incwadi ukuze ndithethe ngazo zonke iinkcukacha kunye nezinto ezingafaniyo zobomi bamaIndiya endizifundileyo. Kolu hlaziyo nangona bebanzi ndishiye ezinye eziphambili abalinganiswa ababehlala kwaye balwa kunye kunye neCuster kunye neCrazy Horse. Umfazi kaLibbie Custer uzakufuna ukukhankanywa okhethekileyo. Kodwa into endiyifunayo kukubonisa i-nuances, many, many nuances andikwazi ukuyibonisa kakuhle apha, kufana naxa ubona i-movie kwaye baxelela iinyani eziphambili kodwa ushiya ngesiqinisekiso sokuba ngaphandle kwezinto ezingafaniyo abantu abazenzi. usenokuba wayeyiqonda kakuhle into eyenzekileyo.

Kwaye sele sinayo incwadi ka-Ambrose, ngokugqibeleleyo. Isingeniso esifanelekileyo ebomini kumathafa. Eyona nto intle kukuba ukuba unomdla kwisifundo okanye ubusoloko ufuna ngaphezulu, uyayifunda le ncwadi. Ndachukumiseka. Ndikushiya unxibelelwano ukuba ufuna ukuyithenga

Amagqabantshintshi nge «Crazy Horse and Custer»

  1. Ukuhlala kwenkunzi yenkomo kunye nehashe eliphambeneyo kubonisa amandla abo engqondo kwiifoto. Babengabaphathi bokwenene. Imikhosi ephethe imipu yayibalawula. Kodwa bafanelwe yimbeko nentlonipho, kuba aboyiki nto kwaye bakhusela imihlaba yabo.

    impendulo
  2. Inomdla kakhulu.

    Ubomi baseMelika baseMelika bekuhlala kubonakala kumangalisa kum. Banokuba "basendle," kodwa ngubani ongayi kuhlala endle?

    Ndibhala incwadi :)

    Nibuliso!

    impendulo

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