Ukushishina kogqiyama

Ukushishina kogqiyama

Kwilizwe apho ulungiselelo kunye nokusebenza ngokufanelekileyo Iyafuneka kakhulu ngenxa yezixhobo ezinqongopheleyo, iindleko kunye neengxaki zokusingqongileyo, ukuvelisa ngelixa ukunciphisa inani lenkunkuma kunokuba kufanelekile. Kulapho iimodeli zeMveliso eziNgcolileyo ziza kudlala khona. Ngale ndlela, imveliso yolu shishino iza kuphuculwa ngelixa kuncitshiswa ilahleko kumxokelelwano wokuvelisa.

Eli lixabiso elongeziweyo kumthengi wokugqibela, kuba unokuzithengisa njengo "brand green" leyo kunciphisa inani lezixhobo ezisetyenzisiweyo Ngexesha lenkqubo ngaphandle kokuchaphazela umgangatho okanye iziphumo zokugqibela.

Yintoni iMveliso eQhelekileyo?

yintoni i-lean eyenziweyo

El Imveliso e-Lean, okanye imveliso ngaphandle kwenkunkuma, engacacanga okanye ecocekileyo, Yimodeli ethi izame ukwandisa imveliso ukunciphisa okanye ukushenxisa ngokupheleleyo eminye imisebenzi engongezi ixabiso kwimveliso okanye kumthengi.

Ngamanye amagama, zama ukusebenzisa ubuncinci obuyimfuneko ukwenza into, uyenze xa kukho imfuneko nangexesha elifutshane. Zama uku ukulwa nenkunkuma Ngexesha lenkqubo yokuvelisa egxile kumanqaku aphambili anje ngala:

  • Ukuphelisa imveliso egqithisileyo.
  • Nciphisa amaxesha okulinda.
  • Lungiselela ukuthuthwa.
  • Ukuphelisa ukugqitha kwenkqubo.
  • Uluhlu lweempahla.
  • Ukuphucula ukusebenza kweentshukumo.
  • Nciphisa ifuthe leziphene.

Ukuba ufunda ibhlog yakho uyazi ukuba ezi zizinto ezinokufezekiswa ngokuphumeza ezinye iindlela esinazo ibonwe ngaphambili, njenge Indlela yeToyota, okanye iindlela ze-kanban, lawulo lo mgangatho, inkqubo yokuvuselela, phakathi kwabanye. Ngapha koko, iimodeli zokwenza ezibhityileyo ziya kuzisebenzisa ukufikelela kwiinjongo.

Ukongeza, ukuvelisa okungagungqiyo kunento yokwenza nezinye zeendlela ezichazwe apha ngasentla. Eli gama liza kubonakala okokuqala kwincwadi ngumbhali uWomack, uJones noRoss. Kwabizwa Umatshini otshintshe umhlaba kwaye yayiyeyona ndawo yathengiswa kakhulu kwihlabathi kwiminyaka yama-70. Kuloo msebenzi inkqubo yeToyota yafunyanwa okokuqala ngqa.

Historia

Mhlawumbi igama le UTaiichi Ohno kuvakala kuyinto eqhelekileyo kuwe. Eli bali liqala ngegama lakhe, ngomnye wabalawuli beToyota kunye nabacebisi ababengowokuqala ukukhathazeka ngokusebenza kweefektri zakhe.

Kwangoko ngo-1937 waqala ukubona ukuba imveliso yezityalo yayinentsilelo kwimveliso xa kuthelekiswa nezityalo zaseMelika. Emva kwemfazwe, u-Ohno wayezokundwendwela i-United States ayokufunda zonke iinkokheli malunga nemveliso kunye nokuncitshiswa kwezixhobo eziyimfuneko, ezinje nge UHenry Ford noFrederick Taylor.

Endaweni yoko, ukuphefumlelwa kuka-Ohno ngekhe kuvele kubo, kodwa kwivenkile enkulu. Kwaoko yaqondwa ukubaluleka kokuphelisa inkunkuma Yonke imisebenzi okanye iinkqubo zokwandisa ixabiso lomsebenzi ngamnye ...

Ubungakanani bomntu bokuvelisa kunye nemixholo ephambili

Uninzi lwezitshixo zokuphumelela kwale ndlela yile ubungakanani bomntu, kuba abantu yeyona capital ibalulekileyo kuyo nayiphi na inkampani. Ke ngoko, oko kuthetha ukungenelela okusisigxina, intsebenziswano nonxibelelwano kuwo onke amanqanaba nakumasebe.

Ukongeza, esi sicwangciso seshishini siye Iintsika ezintathu ekusekwe kuyo yonke intanda-bulumko yokuvelisa

  • Ukusebenza kakuhleYonke into engadibanisi xabiso iyasuswa ukufezekisa ukusebenza ngokukuko.
  • Ukusebenza ngempumelelo: Inkampani ibeka phambili ukuhlangabezana nokulindelweyo kwabathengi.
  • Ezintsha: ikhuthaza ukuphuculwa okungagungqiyo ekufumaneni nasekulungiseni iingxaki ukuze ziyinxalenye yexesha elidlulileyo, kwaye oko kunokufezekiswa ngokwenza izinto ezintsha.

Imigaqo yokwenza imveliso

Nangona indlela engqingqwa ihlala iguquka kwaye kufuneka ilungelelaniswe neemfuno ezintsha zeshishini, ezinye zinokuqaqanjiswa siseko bathanda:

  • Okwenziweyo kwenziwa ngokufanelekileyo okokuqala. Ukwenza into engalunganga kunokubonakala ngathi kuneziphumo ezilungileyo kwiindleko, njengokugcina kumgangatho wezinto, njl. Kodwa oku kungakhokelela kwiingxaki kwinqanaba lokulawula umgangatho okanye ukungoneliseki kwabathengi okuya konyusa iindleko kuphela.
  • Ngaphandle kwemisebenzi engalongezi ixabiso kwimveliso yokugqibela. Ezinye iinkqubo zinokuba yinkcitho ngaphandle kokongeza naliphi na ixabiso. Nantoni na engengoncedo kumthengi kufuneka isuswe.
  • Uphuculo oluzinzileyo. Le ndlela, njengabanye abaninzi, ibandakanya ukuphucula rhoqo. Ngokwenziwa kwezinto ezintsha, iingxaki ezinokubakho zinokuncitshiswa, iindleko zincitshiswe kunye nemveliso inyuke.
  • Yindlela yokudonsa. Oko kukuthi, ayivelisi ngokugqithisileyo ukuba nesitokhwe esikhulu, kodwa imane izilinganisele kwimveliso yento efunekayo ngokwenene.
  • Ukuzinza. Indlela yokuvelisa engaxutywanga ayifanelanga kuphela ishishini leemoto. Inokuhlengahlengiswa kulo naliphi na elinye ishishini kunye nobukhulu beshishini.
  • Ukusebenzisana. Ifuna ukugcina ubudlelwane obuqinileyo kunye nababoneleli njengoko kubonisiwe kwindlela yeToyota.
  • Utshintsho kugxilwe kuthengiso. Ukusuka kwindawo yokujonga le ndlela, umthengi wokugqibela unikwa isisombululo, hayi imveliso okanye inkonzo.

Kutheni usebenzisa le ndlela?

iingenelo zokwenza imveliso

Icandelo lezemizi mveliso ligcwele ngamabali empumelelo eenkampani ezamkele indlela yokuLungiswa kweMveliso, nangona kusekho abaninzi abathandabuzayo ukuyisebenzisa. Uninzi lwazo luphuma ngaphandle kokuthandabuza malunga neziphumo zalo zokwenyani, ezinye ngenxa yokunqongophala kwexesha okanye izibonelelo zemali zokuphumeza, njl.

Kwaye inyani kukuba kunzima ngenene ukuba uphumelele ekuphumezeni ukuveliswa okucekethekileyo kwaye kuzisa ngeniso okwenza ukuba kufaneleke. Oku kwahlukile kwezinye iindlela, ezinokusebenza ngokulula okanye ezingabinabungozi bokuzisebenzisa.

Ukongeza, kufuna ukuba bonke abasebenzi baqeqeshwe ukuze babone ilahleko ezinokuvela kwimisebenzi yabo yemihla ngemihla, kwaye ngale ndlela banokuthi basebenzisane kwaye bacebise ukuphuculwa okulula okulula kwenkqubo nganye.

kunjalo, lusindiso kwezo mveliso zokuvelisa zivelisa inqanaba lokusilela okuphezulu xa zifikelela kwinqanaba lokulawulwa komgangatho okanye kwezo zivelisa ngaphezulu kunokuba zinokubeka kwimarike. Ukucinga okungagungqiyo kunokubanceda ukuba kuphunyezwe ngokuchanekileyo, ukunciphisa ilahleko ngenxa yeengxaki ezisemgangathweni kunye nesitokhwe esingafumaniyo abathengi ...

Izinto eziluncedo kwimveliso ecekeceke

Ukuba inkqubo yokuvelisa enganxibanga iphunyezwe ngokuchanekileyo kwinkampani, kuya kufuneka uqale uqaphele ukwanda kukhuphiswano. Izibonelelo ezizisayo zingaphezulu kokucacileyo, njenge:

  • Iphucula imveliso.
  • Zonke iimveliso ziya kuba nomgangatho ongcono kunye namaxabiso asezantsi okusilela.
  • Ngokusebenza ngokukuko nangokuchitha izixhobo ezimbalwa, kufunyanwa inzuzo ephezulu.
  • Abathengi abonelisekileyo bathetha ukwanda kwentengiso.
  • Abathengi abonelisekileyo kunye neenzuzo ezingaphezulu zonyusa ixabiso lenkampani. Yiyo leyo imhlophe eluma umsila wayo, iguqulela kubukho obukhulu kunye nodumo oluya kutsala abathengi kunye nezibonelelo.
  • Ukuncitshiswa kweendleko ukuziqhelanisa neemeko ezintsha.
  • Uluhlu oluncinci lwezinto, olunenzuzo yezoqoqosho kunye nendawo yokugcina eyimfuneko. Kodwa ufuna ubudlelwane obukhulu kunye nomthengisi ukuze akunikeze ngento oyifunayo ngexesha kunye namaxabiso amahle ngenxa yobudlelwane obude.
  • Amaxesha okuhanjiswa kwemveliso yokugqibela kufuneka ancitshiswe ngokususa yonke into engadibanisi xabiso.