Iindidi zolondolozo lweshishini

El ulondolozo mveliso Yindlela efanelekileyo yokuqinisekisa ukuba zonke izixhobo osebenza nazo zikwisimo esifanelekileyo, uqinisekisa imveliso kunye nomgangatho wemveliso elungileyo ngawo onke amaxesha. Kuphela kungumgaqo-nkqubo olungileyo wolondolozo apho ukungaphumeleli kunye nokonakaliswa okunokubakho kungancitshiswa.

Yintoni ulondolozo lweshishini

Ulondolozo lweshishini yinkqubo edibanisa uthotho lwee imigangatho kunye nobuchule ukugcina oomatshini kunye namancedo alo naluphi na uhlobo loshishino okanye umasifundisane. Ukufezekisa ulondolozo loomatshini kunye nezixhobo ezisetyenzisiweyo, kunye nokunciphisa ukonakala okukhulu, kufuneka ube nomgaqo-nkqubo olungileyo.

Kuyo yonke imbali, loo mgaqo-nkqubo utshintshile. Ekuqaleni, iinkqubo zolondolozo bezingakhange zenziwe, kodwa bezilinganiselwe ekulungiseni oko kuyekile ukusebenza okanye ukubola. Emva kwexesha, ulondolozo lwaba ngumsebenzi onikwe abaqhubi boomatshini, ababengabona babazi ngcono kuba babenxibelelana nabo mihla le. Ngale ndlela, iingxaki ezinokwenzeka zazithintelwe ngaphambi kokuba zenzeke.

Okwangoku inkqubela phambili yenziwe malunga noku, kwaye kukho ulawulo olungqalileyo kunye nemithetho ehamba phambili, efuna yandisa kwaye iphucule imveliso. Ewe, ukusuka kuvavanyo oluqhelekileyo olwalusetyenziswa kwixa elidlulileyo ukuya kwiinkqubo zangoku zokuncediswa likhompyuter, okuninzi kuye kwavela ngokwendlela oomatshini nezixhobo ezazibekwe esweni ngayo.

Ke ngoko, okwangoku sinokuthi i ulondolozo lweshishini lusisiseko:

  • Kuphephe ukonakala okunokwenzeka okanye ukunciphisa inani labo. Ngamafutshane, phucula imveliso, kuba ixesha lokuphumla liya kuba sezantsi.
  • Ukuqinisekisa imeko elungileyo yezixhobo. Oku kunefuthe ngqo kumgangatho notyalo-mali, njengoko oomatshini beza kuhlala ixesha elide.

Nje ukuba oko kwaziwe, kuya kufuneka ukhumbule ukuba kwiinkqubo zolondolozo lweshishini kukho uthotho lwee imigaqo ezisetyenziswa rhoqo kwaye kubaluleke kakhulu ukuba uzazi. Oku kusetyenziswa kuzo zonke iintlobo zamashishini, ukusuka kwimizi-mveliso ukuya kumaziko edatha, kwaye zezi:

  • Ulungiso: uhlaziyo, uhlengahlengiso, ukucoca kunye neenkqubo zokutshintsha ukuze kugcinwe imeko yomatshini kunye nezixhobo ikwimeko entle. Zombini ulondolozo kunye nokulungiswa kufuna abasebenzi abafanelekileyo kunye nexesha loqeqesho lokufunda into ekufuneka uyazi.
  • UkulungiswaInkqubo eyenzekayo xa into okanye inkqubo ingasasebenzi okanye isenza ngendlela enesiphene. Isenokuba ngenxa yesondlo esibi, ukusetyenziswa gwenxa, okanye ukunxiba nje okuqhelekileyo kunye nexesha.
  • Uxilongo: lixesha elifunekayo lokuba uchwepheshe abone ukuba yintoni ukusilela kwenkqubo okanye ufakelo. Eli xesha alifakwanga kwixesha lokulungisa.
  • U ku velisa: Lixesha apho ushishino lusenza imisebenzi yalo ngesiqhelo.
  • Ukusilela okanye ukwaphuka: xa kukho into eyenzekileyo koomatshini okanye kumancedo ayithintelayo ekusebenzeni okanye ekwenziweni ngokufanelekileyo. Kufuneka yahlulwe kwisiphene, esinokubangela ukungahambi kakuhle, kodwa asikuthinteli ekusebenzeni.
  • Ukuthembeka, ukufumaneka, ukugcinwa kunye nobomi obuluncedoOlu ke luqikelelo lwexesha elisetyenziswa ngokubanzi kumzi-mveliso ukumisela ukuthembeka komatshini okanye inkqubo, ixesha elinokuhlala lisebenza ngokufanelekileyo phambi kokusilela, kunye nexesha eliza kuhlala ixesha elide phambi kokuba lifikelele esiphelweni sobomi balo obuluncedo kwaye kufuneka indawo entsha. Inzuzo kunye notyalo mali kumzi mveliso kuya kuxhomekeka kuyo. Ukuyilinganisela, kukho imigaqo emithathu ebaluleke kakhulu:
    • I-MTTF (Ithetha ixesha lokungaphumeleli) lixesha elichazayo lokungaphumeleli. Lixesha eliphakathi lokuba ikhompyuter okanye inkqubo ikwazi ukusebenza ngaphandle kokuphazamiseka.
    • I-MTBF (Ithetha ixesha eliphakathi kokusilela) lixesha elichazayo phakathi kokungaphumeleli. Imilinganiselo yexesha eliphakathi phakathi kokungaphumeleli kunye nokulandelayo.
    • I-MTTR (Kuthetha ixesha lokuLungisa) lixesha elichanekileyo lokulungisa. Lixesha eliphakathi elifunekayo lokulungisa inkqubo kwimeko yokusilela, ke ngoko ilinganisa ukugcinwa. I-MTBF kunye neMTTF ngala magama mabini asetyenziselwa ukulinganisa ukuthembeka kwezixhobo.
  • Khu seleko: kushishino yiyo yonke into ebandakanya amanyathelo afanelekileyo okukhusela izixhobo kunye nabasebenzi kwiingozi.

Ulondolozo olulungileyo lufuna Iinkqubo zomsebenzi kwimeko yokusilela, abasebenzi abafanelekileyo ukwenza ulungiso kunye nolondolozo ngaphandle kokubangela omnye umonakalo, kwaye bakwenze ngendlela ekhuselekileyo. Yonke into ifumaneka ngokufumaneka okuphezulu.

Iindidi zolondolozo lweshishini

Ukuqinisekisa ukubakho okuphezulu kwiinkqubo zakho nakwizibonelelo, kunokubakho iintlobo ezininzi zolondolozo lweshishini ekufuneka uyazi ukwahlula:

Ulungiso lolungiso:

Ngamanye amaxesha kuthiwa ngumcimi-mlilo, kuba yinto eyenziwayo xa kusenzeka ingxaki. Inkqubo ye- Ulungiso lolungiso lelona lithwala ukungxamiseka okukhulu kunye noxinzelelo. Xa into iphula imveliso okanye umsebenzi esiwenzileyo kwaye kufuneka usombululwe ngokukhawuleza.

Ulondolozo lwangaphambili:

El Ulondolozo lwangaphambili Yeyona iphucukileyo kuzo zonke, kuba ifuna izifundo ezintsonkothileyo. Iqukethe ukulungiswa xa isiqwenga siza kuphula ukukhusela kodwa ngaphandle kokutshintsha ngaphambi kwexesha.

Ulondolozo lokuthintela:

El Ulondolozo lokuthintela Yinto eyenziwayo ukuthintela ukusilela kunye nokugcina imeko elungileyo yezixhobo.

Ukongeza kwiimodeli zangaphambili, kukwakho nezinye ezizalisekise ngakumbi ezinje ngemodeli kuxhomekeke. Kuyo, ukongeza kwimisebenzi yolondolozo, kuvavanywa kwaye kuvavanywa kubandakanywa ukugcina ingxelo elungileyo kunye nokwenza ngendlela engcono kwixa elizayo. Oko kukuthi, zama ukufunda ukuba kutheni ukusilela kwenzeke kwaye unokwenza njani ngokufanelekileyo.

Kukho enye imodeli ebizwa ngokuba ngokucwangcisiweyo, eyenziwa kungekuphela xa kusilele ukwenzeka njengakwimiqathango, kodwa nakweyiphi na imeko ukwenza izigqibo kunye nokugcina ukucwangciswa okungcono kokugcinwa.

Isicwangciso sokugcina

Yonke into ekhankanywe apha ngasentla ayinakuba luncedo kakhulu ukuba awunayo imephu yokulandela, oko kukuthi, a Isicwangciso sokusebenza okanye umthetho olandelwayo ichazwe kakuhle. Zombini ukuthintela kunye nokwenza xa usilele.

Ukuba ulondolozo kufuneka lwenziwe ukuthintela ukusilela, kungcono ukumisela ukuba kuya kufuneka ukuba kuqalwe nini ukwenza imisebenzi eyimfuneko impembelelo encinci enokwenzeka ekusebenzeni kwesiqhelo kolu shishino. Umzekelo, amaxesha afileyo anokusetyenziswa apho izixhobo zingasetyenziswanga, okanye ngamaxesha apho umthwalo ungaphantsi.

Ukuseka iimodeli ezilungileyo zolondolozo lweshishini, ukucwangciswa kwemisebenzi kunye nolawulo kuya kubaluleka. Phakathi iingenelo unayo:

  • Ungayichaphazeli imveliso kakhulu. Ngamanye amagama, ukusebenza ngokukuko kunye nokusebenza kuyonyuswa.
  • Ukunciphisa ixesha kunye notyalo mali olusetyenzisiweyo.
  • Isenzo esikhawulezileyo kwimeko yokusilela.
  • Ukuphucula imeko yomsebenzi ngokungagxininisi kubasebenzi besondlo kwaye ungabaphazamisi abaqhubi ngenxa yokusilela rhoqo.

Ukuze oku kwenzeke, kufuneka ukugcinwa kwesicwangciso. Oko kwenzeka ngokwazi kakuhle into eza kwenziwa, indlela ezakwenziwa ngayo, izixhobo eziyimfuneko kunye nexesha eliqikelelweyo. Ngokumisela ezo zinto kunye nokwenza ishedyuli elungileyo, yonke into iya kuhamba kakuhle kumzi mveliso.

Namhlanje, zininzi kakhulu izixhobo zekhompyutha (CMMS) ezinokunceda abaqhubi kunye neengcali ukuba zibeke esweni imeko yamaziko noomatshini, kodwa zikuncede kwiishedyuli kunye namaxesha amiselweyo.