Ungayilima njani ingca ngaphandle kokulima

igadi ene-mulching okanye i-mulching

Rhoqo ngonyaka ndinengxaki efanayo negadi. Silungisa umhlaba, sele sityala emva kweeveki ezimbalwa Ukhula okanye ingca emangazayo ithathe yonke into. Ngaphandle koko andinayo itrektara kwaye yonke into kufuneka isetyenzisiwe ngegaba.

Kulo nyaka ndiza kuzama ukusombulula ezi ngxaki zimbini. Ndizamile ukulungisa umhlaba ngokuwugquma ngesigcina-kufuma ndize ndiwushiye ulungele ukulinywa ungalimi. Iziphumo zokuqala, njengoko uza kubona, bezithembisa.

Yintoni yonke le nto

Ewe, ndiza kukuxelela indlela endiyilungiselele ngayo igadi ngemibono ethathwe kwi-permaculture, iibhloko kunye neendlela ze-YouTube. Ngeenjongo ezi-2

  1. Kulumkele ukubonakala kwengca emnandi okanye ukhula oluhlala luhlasela igadi iphela.
  2. Kuphephe ukulima nokusebenza umhlaba.

Kwiindawo ezomileyo, kusongelwa umququ, ukuba uhlala kwindawo enomswakama enziwe ngayo umquba. Apha siza kusebenzisa umgquba njengomgquba.

Urhulumente wokuqala

Ukuqala kwam ukusebenza igadi yayinje.

Ukulungiswa komhlaba weziqhamo

Isenokungavunywa kakuhle kodwa la mayeza adlula kwi-1,5m emva kwentwasahlobo enemvula eninzi kwaye igadi ishiywe ngokupheleleyo.

Ukhula nokhula egadini

Andinalo ixesha elininzi lokumkhathalela. elona xesha ndinikezela ngalo kusehlotyeni.

amayeza amnandi kwigadi eshiyekileyo

Ndiqala ukulungisa yonke into ukuzama ukuyigcina ikwimeko ngokuqhubekayo kunye nomzamo omncinci kakhulu.

Kucacile

Ndiqala ngokususa uninzi lwendawo esiza kuyisebenzisa kwimifuno njl njl. Ayibonakali kwiifoto kodwa ngummangaliso wokwenene.

Ngale ndlela sinqumle imifuno kumgangatho womhlaba. kwimeko yesiqhelo inokwanela kwaye sinako. Kwafuneka ndisebenzise idiski emva koko ndiyishiye kwinqanaba lomgangatho wocingo lwentsimbi olunamandla ngakumbi kunenayiloni yakudala.

Indawo ihleli inje.

igadi yeziqhamo egawuliweyo

Ndiza kuthatha ithuba lofakelo esele lwenziwe lokunkcenkceshela, nangona kungaphumi apho ndingathanda khona, kodwa ndiza kuyilungisa.

Ukulungiswa komhlaba

Emva kokucoca ibrashi, ndiza kutyala ngqo ngaphandle kokusebenza umhlaba kodwa bekunzima, kunzima kakhulu kwaye kungalingani kakhulu. Ngaphezu kwayo yonke loo nto izele yingca. Kwaye ingca, ukuba sishiya iingcambu, iya kukhula ngamandla kwaye ke bendifuna ukuyisusa kangangoko. Njengonyango lokuqala emhlabeni kwaye ukusuka apha ukuqhubeka ngaphandle kokulima.

Ukulungiswa komhlaba ngaphandle kwetrektara yokulima

Njengokuba umhlaba ubunzima kakhulu kwaye besingalindelanga mvula, ndawumanzisa umhlaba ukuze uthambe. Andinayo itrektara, kufuneka ibe negaba. Emva kokumanzisa, iyekelwa kangangeentsuku ezi-2 okanye ezi-3 de ubone ukuba ingasebenza kakuhle.

sebenza umhlaba

Le yindlela ejongeka ngayo emva kokuyisebenza ngegaba kwaye uyi-raking

Ukulungiselela ukulima ngaphandle kokulima

Khulula umhlaba endizakuzama ukuwuphucula ngokuhamba kwexesha ngomgquba. Okwangoku yinto ekhoyo. Unzima kakhulu kwaye udongwe.

umhlaba wobumba ukuphucula

Ndikhuphe iingcambu ezininzi zengca kwaye yonke into eseleyo iqinisekile ukusifaka kwisivumelwano. Kwisiza ngasinye banokhula lwabo olubi kakhulu kwaye kunzima ukulawula. Engadini yam yingca eqhelekileyo (ICynodon dactylon) kunye nepepermint (I-Mentha spicata). Sifikile ngokutyala kube kanye kwaye sele sisasazekile njengesibetho.

Iingcambu zemifuno. Igrama

Ukulungiselela iiphedi

Iphedi yokuluka ngumaleko esiwubekayo phezu komhlaba ukumelana nokufuma komhlaba. Zininzi izinto ezinokusetyenziswa, ukusuka ekuchebeni iziqwenga, ukuya kwi-bark, njl. kodwa ndiza kusebenzisa umququ.

ukulungiswa kwamakhadibhodi kunye neendiza

Ndidibanisa i-mulch kunye nomaleko wekhadibhodi ukuthintela ukhula ekuphumeni. Ezi ziya kugutyungelwa kwaye xa bengaliboni ilanga bayakuphela beswelekile. Kukho abo basebenzisa iplastikhi emnyama ukwenza oku, ii-rolls abazithengisayo nge-polyvinyl yokutyala. kodwa andonwabanga. Ndiyayithanda ikhadibhodi engcono kunokuba iya kuthoba kwaye idibanise nomhlaba.

ikhadibhodi yokupakisha kunye notywala obunqanda ingca

Ndisebenzise iintlobo ezimbini zekhadibhodi, kwelinye icala iibhokisi ezivela kwibhokisi yezixhobo nakwiAmazon, kodwa kuba ndingenanto ngokwaneleyo ndathenga umqulu wekhadibhodi kuLoyoy Merlin. Ukuba uza kuthenga, qaphela ukuba kukho ezi-2 ezifanayo, enye kwindawo yokupakisha (€ 2 ye-9m) kunye nenye kwindawo yokupenda (€ 10 ye-8m). Ke sithatha ipeyinti enye.

Unkcenkceshelo

Ufakelo oluphambili lwedriphu lwalusele luhlanganisiwe. Idriphu yerabha engqongqo yokusetyenziswa ibisoloko isetyenziswa kunye neidripers apho kulapho kwakufuneka utyale khona. Apha ndiza kuphucula.

Ndiza kusebenzisa i-16mm exudation irabha ehambelana nonxibelelwano lwendabuko ngenqanaba lokuhamba kwe-4L yeyure. Kukho iintlobo ngeentlobo ngokuxhomekeke ekuhambeni (igadi kunye negadi) igadi ikhupha amanzi amaninzi.

ukukhupha intsini

Ndisebenzise ithuba lofakelo oluphambili ebesele ndilwenzile. Ndithandabuza ukwahlula phakathi kwamatayara. Ukuba ubeka imicu emi-3 ukwenza umhlaba uphela oza kulima kuwo. Ngenxa yokuba iirubber exudation enoxinzelelo olwaneleyo lumanzisa umhlaba malunga ne-12-15 cm kwicala ngalinye leerabha. Nge-3 ngendinomtya omanzi o-60 cm rhoqo.

Ukulungiselela ukunkcenkceshela ngokukhupha

Ekugqibeleni siyishiya njengoko ubona emfanekisweni. Sisoloko sikwixesha lokuyiguqula ukuba sifuna ukuzama.

Le ndibanisela yekhadibhodi kunye nengca exudate irabha ibangela ukuba sinobuninzi bokufuma egadini kwaye iinkumba kunye ne-slugs ziyanda.

Iphepha lebhodi

ukulungiswa kwe-mulching

Ngomhlaba usebenze kwaye ulinganiswe kwaye amavili aqhubeka. sibeka ikhadibhodi ngaphezulu. Qaphela ukuba emva kokuyibeka ndiphawule ngosiba apho irabha iya khona xa siceba ukwazi ukwenza umngxunya.

Ukugquma ngeziqhamo

Lo ngumcu wokuqala esiwenzileyo. Emva koku siyandisile ngakumbi kwaye sibeke iikhadibhodi kunye neepadding nakwiindawo zokudlula.

Ndikucebisa ukuba wenze njalo. Ukuba akunjalo, imifuno iphakama kwangoko kumhlaba wakho omncinci.

Ukubeka ikhadibhodi kwindawo enkulu akufuneki ubeke enye ecaleni kwenye, kodwa kufuneka zidibane ukuze ukhula lungabi nandawo yokuphuma.

Kutyalwe kunye nengca

Ukugqiba iibhokisi, sibeka i-padding. Ndizobeka umququ. ungayifumana apho bathengisa khona ukutya kunye neenkuku. Ndithengile amabhali eendiza aliqela nge- € 3 inye, ngeebhali ezi-2 esinazo ngezigaba ezi-2 esizenzileyo, kwaye ndithabathe ezi-2 ngaphezulu ukongeza xa kusekho okuncinci isigcina-kufuma.

Siqala ngomcu njengoko bendikufundisile kodwa emva koko sandisile saya kwiindawo zokupasa. Oko kukuthi, sibeke ikhadibhodi kunye nengca kungekuphela apho sityala khona kodwa nalapho sihamba khona, kuba ingca ihlasele yonke into kwaye ke ilawulwa ngakumbi

igadi yemifuno ene mulch

Apha siyayixabisa imimandla emibini kunye neendlela ezi-3 zokuhamba. Sibeke ngaphezulu ukugoba kwiindawo zokutyala kunakwindawo zokuhamba.

Ukukunika umbono emva kwamanqanaba aliqela kwindawo ekhulayo kukho malunga ne-15 cm yeendiza.

Iguquka njani

Kokokuqala ukuba sikulungiselele oku. Ndiyathetha kwisininzi kuba yinto esiyenzileyo phakathi kwe-4 yosapho. Iintombi zam ziyavuya.

Ndimele nditsho ukuba emva kweenyanga ezi-2 singakhange sihlaselwe ngamayeza, iphantse yagqibelela. Uqala ukubona ukuba kukho amayeza angena kwikhadibhodi, kodwa yonke into iyalawuleka.

zucchini kwigadi yemifuno kunye ne-mulch
Iinkcukacha zucchini kwigadi yemifuno kunye neephedi

Apho kufuneka ugcine khona ulawulo kumngxunya otyale kuwo, kuba xa ususa ikhadibhodi, iphuma apho.

kugqityiwe ukulima ngaphandle kokulima

Emva kweenyanga ezi-2 zomqolo wokuqala, ihleli kakuhle kakhulu, kufuneka sisuse ingca ethi iphume kuba ikhadibhodi ithoba isidima emvuleni, ngaphezulu kwe-100 l / m2 iwele ehlotyeni kwizaqhwithi ezinamandla.

Makhe sibone ukuba ivela njani kwaye siyithintela njani imifuno ekuhlanganiseni yonke into

Izinto

Izinto endiye ndazibona kwezi veki.

Ndityalile imifuno efuna amanzi amaninzi njenge-zucchini kunye nabanye anamaxesha apho bafuna uxinzelelo lwamanzi, banxaniwe, umzekelo i-cayenne. Ukuba abayi kunxanwa, baluma kancinci kwaye yonke into ibindawonye andikwazi ukuyilawula.

Kwixesha elizayo kufuneka utyale ngokwahlukeneyo.

Igalari yezithombe ze-Orchard

Ukuba ungumntu ongaphumliyo njengathi kwaye ufuna ukusebenzisana ekugcinweni nasekuphuculweni kweprojekthi, unokwenza umnikelo. Yonke imali iya kuthenga iincwadi kunye nezixhobo zokuvavanya kunye nokwenza izifundo

Shiya amazwana