Intaba yeMeditera. Isikhokelo sendalo

Intaba yeMeditera. Isikhokelo sendalo

Ukubhengeza incwadi kaJulián Simón López-Villalta de la Tundra yokuhlela. Ummangaliso omncinci owenze ukuba nditshintshe umbono wam kumanqaku amaninzi.

Encwadini uphonononge zonke I-ecology yehlathi laseMeditera. Ukuhamba ngembali yeMeditera, indawo yokuhlala kunye nendalo eyahlukeneyo apho isixelela ngemithi, izihlahla, amayeza, izidlo ezitya inyama, igranivores, iherbivores, iipollinator, iiparasitoids, izinambuzane, ukubola, izikhohlisi.

Icandelo elinikezelwe ekusindeni (imbalela, imililo, iqabaka, njl. Njl.) Elinye kubudlelane phakathi kweentlobo zezilwanyana (amarhamncwa kunye namaxhoba, iiparasites, ukhuphiswano, ukumanyana kunye ne-symbiosis kunye nezidlo kunye nabaqeshi

Njengoko ubona, kukujonga ngokupheleleyo iintlobo zezityalo kunye nezilwanyana kunye nobudlelwane phakathi kwazo nendawo ezihlala kuyo. Zonke zichazwe ngokugqibeleleyo kwaye zidityanisiwe, zinika isishwankathelo sendlela esebenza ngayo i-ecosystem, kutheni ikhetheke kangaka kwaye kutheni inezinto ezininzi eziphilayo.

Kwaye into endiyithandayo linani elikhulu leencwadi ezishiyiweyo kwaye ndifuna ukubonisana nazo ukwandisa izinto ezithile ezinomdla kum.

Kunzima kakhulu ukufumana onke amanqaku kweli nqaku, kuba bendiya kuba nayo yonke incwadi kwibhlog. Xa kukho amanqaku ambalwa ndiyazongeza. Nalu uluvo ngokubanzi lwento onokuyifumana kwaye njengoko ndibhala malunga neentlobo ezithile, ubudlelwane, indawo yokuhlala, njl njl. Ndiza kubandakanya amanqaku athile endiwathabathele nganye nganye.

Amanqaku nje ambalwa anomdla ngokubanzi malunga nemozulu yeMeditera kunye neendawo zokuhlala.

Iya kuba nomdla nakuwe I-geologist engxakinis

Malunga nemozulu yeMeditera

Yimozulu enemozulu epholileyo kwaye iphakathi, enemozulu eshushu, eyomileyo kunye nobusika obuqhelekileyo.
Yintoni eyahlula imozulu yeMeditera kukuba ixesha elomileyo lihambelana nemozulu kunye nexesha elishushu.

Isimo sezulu seMeditera sivela kwimimandla emi-5 engaphezulu kweplanethi. (ENtshona Afrika yoMzantsi, uMazantsi kunye noMazantsi mpuma eOstreliya, iCentral Chile, iCalifornia kunye neMeditera Basin)

Bazibiza ngokuba ziitropiki ezincinci. Iindawo zeMeditera zezona zinentlobo ezininzi zezityalo kwindawo enemozulu epholileyo kwaye zinenani elikhulu lezinto eziphila emhlabeni nasemanzini kunye nezirhubuluzi ngakumbi inani elikhulu leendawo zokuhlala.

Ukwahluka kweendawo zokuhlala

Iindawo zokuhlala zemonet Mediterranean kunye nemozulu yayo

Eli licandelo endilithandileyo. Chaza iindawo zokuhlala ezi-5 esinokuzifumana nesingazaziyo. Iindidi ezintlanu eziphambili zezinto eziphila emhlabeni.

  1. Ihlathi leMeditera. Amahlathi asezantsi (10m - 20m) kwaye ngaphandle kwento abantu abayikholelwayo, ehlathini iindidi zepalantas zincinci kakhulu kunezinye iindawo zokuhlala.
  2. Maquis (maquia, macchia). Xa ihlathi lihlaziswa kukuwa kunye / okanye imililo, njl., Imithi emikhulu iyanyamalala kwaye imeko yehlathi eligawuliweyo idlulisiwe, enemithi embalwa kunye nokukhuhla okungakumbi.
  3. IGarriga (ukugada). Ukucoceka okucacileyo, okuqhelekileyo kwimihlaba yelitye lekalika. Izityalo ezininzi ezinevumba elimnandi ziyakhula, neeoyile zazo ezithanda imililo ezinceda ukuba zisasaze.
  4. Ngomso (Phrygana,. Ukuba umhlaba uyaqhubeka ukonakala, ujika ube yithyme, kunye namatyholo amancinci kakhulu, afana ne-steppe, apho i-thyme, esinye sezityalo ezinganyangekiyo kwiMeditera, iphelela ekulawuleni.
  5. Roquedos. Zihlala zihlala kwiindawo zeentaba, akukho mhlaba wezityalo kunye nemifuno elula kunye nezityalo ezikhethekileyo (i-ferns, mosses, lichens)

Iindawo ezinamatye zesiqhelo zeendawo ezisezintabeni kunye nezinye ezi-4 ezinxulumene enye nenye kwi-ikhosistim nganye zivela ekonakaleni kwangaphambilini, ngenxa yamadlelo, ukugawulwa kwemithi, imililo, njl.

Kwi-Ikkaro

Ewe, incwadi indinike umbono jikelele ebendiwufuna, ngeprojekthi endikhe ndaphawula ngayo kwaye, nangona icotha, isaqhubeka: ukufundisisa kunye nokwenza uluhlu lwezityalo ezahlukeneyo zezilwanyana kunye nobudlelwane bazo kwindalo esingqongileyo, kodwa kwindawo yendawo., Oko kukuthi, kwingingqi yam. Nangona kwinqanaba lewebhu ndipapashe kuphela izihloko ezithile ezinje ngeefayile ezithile ikhulu okanye malunga iswitshi, amanqaku kunye namaxwebhu ayaqhubeka nokukhula.

Yiprojekthi yexesha elide endiyibumba ngokuthe ngcembe.

Shiya amazwana