Isicwangciso sokugcina

El isicwangciso sesondlo icwangciselwe iseti yezenzo okanye imisebenzi eyilelwe ngokukodwa ukubakho kufakelo okanye kumatshini. Ngale ndlela, yenzelwe ukuthintela ukungaphumeleli okunokubakho, nangona oko kungaqinisekisi nge-100% ukuba zinokumiswa zonke. Kwimeko nganye, indlela yokwenza inokwahluka, kuba zonke izixhobo azidingi imisebenzi efanayo yokulungisa. Inxulumene ngokusondeleyo ne ulondolozo lolawulo.

Isicwangciso sokuthintela

Ukwenza isicwangciso esihle Ulondolozo lokuthintela, ezi kufuneka ziqwalaselwe amanyathelo asisiseko:

  • Misela iinjongo kunye neenjongo. Kufuneka icace indlela yokwenza kunye neenjongo, ezinje ngokunciphisa inani lokungaphumeleli kwi-%, ukonyusa ukufumaneka kwezixhobo okanye ukufakwa kwi-%, njl.
  • Ukubalwa kweendleko. Kuyimfuneko ukuba icace malunga nemali eza kusetyenziswa kulomsebenzi. Inkampani nganye inokwabela umthamo wezoqoqosho okanye enye ngokuxhomekeke kumathuba kunye neemfuno.
  • Izinto eziyimfuneko. Kuya kufuneka ube ne-inventri nayo yonke into oyifunayo, zombini izixhobo kunye neendawo ezaneleyo zokugcina.
  • Uhlalutyo lwangaphambili. Ukuba ulondolozo sele lwenziwe, lunokusetyenziselwa ukufumana amava kunye nokuphucula inkqubo kulondolozo lwexesha elizayo. Ngaphandle koko yonke into isekwe kwizifundo zethiyori kwaye isenokungabi zichanekile.
  • Qhagamshelana nabathengisi bezixhobo kunye nabavelisi. Bazi kakuhle yonke into malunga nendlela yokusebenzisa okanye ukuphatha iinkqubo zabo, ukunyamezelana, iqondo lobushushu elivunyelweyo, umthwalo ofanelekileyo womsebenzi, njl.
  • Thobela i imimiselo yezomthetho neyokhuseleko. Olu tshintsho luxhomekeke kwilizwe, uluntu oluzimeleyo, njl.
  • Hlanganisa okanye uqeqeshe abasebenzi abafanelekileyo. Awunakho ukwenza into yokusilela ngaphandle kolwazi lobuchwephesha okanye iyeza linokuba libi ngakumbi kunesi sifo. Ukongeza, ubuchule bomntu ngamnye kufuneka buchazwe, Oko kukuthi, into eza kwenziwa ngumntu ngamnye.
  • Khetha uhlobo lolondolozo: ukulungisa, ukuqikelela kunye nokukhusela. Nje ukuba ukhethwe, kuya kucwangciswa njani kwaye nini.
  • Uphononongo rhoqo. Ukuze isicwangciso sisebenze kakuhle, kufuneka siphononongwe rhoqo kwaye sibe nengxelo, oko kukuthi, sifunde kumava olondolozo ngalunye ukuze siphucule.

Imizekelo yesicwangciso sesondlo

Un umzekelo wesicwangciso sesondlo usebenzisa imodeli yothintelo kunye ukulungisa Isiqwenga sesixhobo sinokuba zezi zinto zilandelayo, kwinjini yokutsha yangaphakathi yesithuthi esithengisayo:

  • Eyona njongo iphambili iya kuba kukugcina isithuthi sikwisimo esifanelekileyo, sisebenza ngokugcweleyo kangangoko kunokwenzeka.
  • Umatshini oqeqeshekileyo uya kuba noxanduva lokwenza ukhuselo rhoqo kwi-18000 km okanye kwi-2600 yeeyure zomsebenzi.
  • Xa isithuthi sihambe loo mgama, umatshini uya kwenza uvavanyo olubonakalayo lwenjini (imeko yamalungu, iithumbu, amanqanaba olwelo,…), kwaye iyakwenza notshintsho lweoyile. Kwimeko apho umenzi wezithuthi egqiba ukuba emva kwaloo mgama okanye phantsi kweemeko ezithile, naliphi na elinye icandelo kufuneka libekwe iliso okanye libuyiselwe, liyakwenziwa kwakhona.
  • Iya kwenza nokucoca xa kukho imfuneko. Ngale ndlela, iphethe ukugcina iindawo zikwimeko entle, ukuthintela ukubola okanye igcwala, ukuphelisa izinto zangaphandle okanye eziyingozi, njl.
  • Lo msebenzisi mnye uya kwenza iimvavanyo zokusebenza ukuqinisekisa ukuba zonke iinkqubo zezithuthi zisebenza ngokufanelekileyo. Oku kuyakwenziwa ngokubonakalayo okanye ngokusebenza, kulandela imigaqo yokhuseleko eyimfuneko. Kule meko, ngaphandle kokugqitha kwimida emiselweyo yokujikeleza.

Oku kuya kuthintela iingxaki ezinokubakho kwixesha elizayo, kodwa oko akuqinisekisi ukuba ukusilela kwesithuthi ngekhe kwenzeke. Ngaphandle kolu londolozo, kuyakubakho amaxesha apho a Ulungiso lolungiso. Kule meko, umatshini uya kujongana nesithuthi xa siyekile ukusebenza ngokupheleleyo okanye ngokuyinxenye. Oku akucwangciswanga, kwaye kuya kufuneka uthathe amanyathelo ngokukhawuleza ukuze umbuyisele emsebenzini ngokukhawuleza.

Isicwangciso sokugcinwa kofakelo lombane

Kwimeko ye isicwangciso sokugcinwa kofakelo lombaneNjengoko kunokuthintela, ulawulo lwazo kufuneka luqinisekiswe ukuthintela umngcipheko kunye nokusebenza. Oko kubandakanya zombini uhlolo lobuchwephesha kunye nokhuseleko.

Abasebenzi bezobugcisa kufuneka bonele, ngubani onako qinisekisa lento ayenzayo. Izixhobo ezisetyenzisiweyo kunye nezixhobo kufuneka zihloniphe imigangatho kunye nokuqinisekiswa kwelizwe apho zisetyenziswa khona. Le migangatho zombini ikwindlela esetyenziswa ngayo kunye nomgangatho kunye nokhuseleko ekufuneka umboneleli abonelele ngalo.

Kwimeko yofakelo lombane, abasebenzi abafanelekileyo ngumbane. Ngempahla yokukhusela (i-insulators) kunye nezixhobo ezaneleyo zokusebenza ngokukhuselekileyo. Kodwa kule meko, kufuneka unonophele kuphela ufakelo lombane lwesakhiwo kunye nezixhobo zombane, hayi ezinye iinkqubo. Umzekelo, ukuba kukho iibhoyile zegesi eziqhagamshelwe kwinethiwekhi, izixhobo zokupholisa umoya, okanye oomatshini beshishini, ayilulo ukhuphiswano lwakho. Kule meko, abasebenzi abakhethekileyo kolu hlobo lweenkqubo kufuneka babekhona.

Las izitshixo kulondolozo lofakelo lombane Zizo:

  • Yazi uhlobo lofakelo olusebenzayo.
    • Kukho isigaba esinye kunye nabaqhubi ababini, isigaba esinye kunye nokungathathi hlangothi, ukongeza kumhlaba wokhuseleko. Yile nto inokuba yiyo nakweyiphi na indlu, iworkshop encinci okanye iofisi.
    • Kwelinye icala, kukho ezi triphasic, oko kukuthi, ezo zisetyenziswa kushishino kunye neenqanawa ezinkulu. Kwezi meko kukho abaqhubi abane, isigaba sesithathu kunye nokungathathi cala. Ukongeza kunxibelelwano lomhlaba olukhuselayo.
  • Bazi ubungakanani benkqubo. Ufakelo ngalunye lunomda wokulayisha wee-amps kunye namandla asetyenzisiweyo. Ukuba kugqityiwe, ukusikwa okanye ezinye iingxaki zinokubakho. Kwinqanaba elinye liphantsi, kuba iimfuno azikho phezulu njengakwimizi-mveliso.
  • Yenza iindlela ezisisiseko zolondolozo: uhlolo olubonakalayo, ukucoca, ukubeka imigca emitsha ukuba kukho imfuneko, ukufaka izinto zamandla amakhulu, ukuqinisekisa ukuba iinkqubo zokhuseleko ziyasebenza, ukufaka iinkqubo ukunqanda i-spikes kunye nokulayisha ngaphezulu, ukwenza imilinganiselo ye-multitester ukubona ukuba zeziphi iiparameter ezaneleyo, njl. Ukulungiselela oku, oku kulandelayo kufuneka kubekwe esweni ngokukodwa:
    • Ukutyeba kweentambo zokuqhuba ezidaywe (10mm, 6mm, 4mm, 2mm, ...), kuba kuxhomekeke ekusebenziseni kwazo kufuneka zibe ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi kweemilimitha.
    • Isimo se-insulators kunye nomhlaba.
    • Ukucoca abafowunelwa. Umzekelo, igrisi okanye ubumdaka kunokubangela izixhobo ezifakelweyo ukuba zigqibe ubushushu, ngakumbi ukuba zifuna amandla aphezulu. Oku kungaphelela kwiingxaki ezimbi okanye imililo.
    • Ukuphonononga iphaneli yombane, oko kukuthi, iphaneli yokulawula kunye nokukhusela. It kukho izinto ezibaluleke kakhulu, ezifana:
      • ICP okanye uPhendlo kuLawulo lwaMandla: kusika okwangoku xa kugqityiwe amandla kwisivumelwano. Oku kuthintela ukugcwala kakhulu okanye iisekethi ezimfutshane. Kungenxa yoko le nto ibaluleke kakhulu kwindawo yokhuseleko, kwaye ingeyiyo into enomda njengoko abaninzi bekholelwa.
      • I-PCS okanye uMkhuseli woLawulo lweSurge: siswitshi esikhusela izixhobo ezixhumeke kwinethiwekhi ukusuka kwiincopho zevolthi ezinokubonakalisa. Oko kukuthi, isebenza njengecebo lokucoca ulwelo. Oku kubalulekile ukuze kunganyusi iindleko zokulungisa ezinye izixhobo kwimeko yeepikhi.
      • IGA okanye uguquko oluzenzekelayo ngokubanzi: yiyo ephazamisa unikezelo xa amandla okufaka anokuxhaswa agqityiwe. Oko kuthintela ezinye iingxaki.
      • Isazisi okanye utshintsho olwahlukileyo: usika umbane kwimeko yokuvuza okukhoyo ngoku. Umzekelo, xa kukho ingxaki ngesixhobo esixhunyiwe, isokethi, njl.
      • I-PIA okanye iiSwits zincinci ezizenzekelayo: balawula umbane ngamacandelo esakhiwo (amagumbi, amacandelo, ...).
  • Yenza ukulungiswa kokulungisa kwimeko yokungaphumeleli, ukutshintsha izinto okanye iintambo.

Ke unako Mthetho kwimeko yokusilela, unakekele amaziko ukwandisa ubomi babo kunye nemeko elungileyo, kunye nokufumana iingxaki ezinokubakho kwangaphambili.