Intaba yeMeditera. Isikhokelo sendalo

Intaba yeMeditera. Isikhokelo sendalo

Ukubhengeza incwadi kaJulián Simón López-Villalta de la Tundra yokuhlela. Ummangaliso omncinci owenze ukuba nditshintshe umbono wam kumanqaku amaninzi.

Encwadini uphonononge zonke I-ecology yehlathi laseMeditera. Ukuhamba ngembali yeMeditera, indawo yokuhlala kunye nendalo eyahlukeneyo apho isixelela ngemithi, izihlahla, amayeza, izidlo ezitya inyama, igranivores, iherbivores, iipollinator, iiparasitoids, izinambuzane, ukubola, izikhohlisi.

Icandelo elinikezelwe ekusindeni (imbalela, imililo, iqabaka, njl. Njl.) Elinye kubudlelane phakathi kweentlobo zezilwanyana (amarhamncwa kunye namaxhoba, iiparasites, ukhuphiswano, ukumanyana kunye ne-symbiosis kunye nezidlo kunye nabaqeshi

Njengoko ubona, kukujonga ngokupheleleyo iintlobo zezityalo kunye nezilwanyana kunye nobudlelwane phakathi kwazo nendawo ezihlala kuyo. Zonke zichazwe ngokugqibeleleyo kwaye zidityanisiwe, zinika isishwankathelo sendlela esebenza ngayo i-ecosystem, kutheni ikhetheke kangaka kwaye kutheni inezinto ezininzi eziphilayo.

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Udongwe LwaseLwandle

Ubumba loLwandle, luyintoni, iintlobo, ingqokelela kunye nolwazi oluthe kratya

Ngobumba loLwandle siyaqonda zonke ezo ziqwenga zeceramic okanye iithayile ezinje ngeGlasi yeGlasi, zonakaliswa lulwandle, ngamachibi okanye imilambo, nangona eyona nto ixhaphakileyo kukuzifumana elunxwemeni. Ukuba awuyazi into Iglasi yolwandle jonga isikhokelo sethu.

Ngaphandle koBumba loLwandle bakwabiza ngokuba yiTyeware yaseLwandle. Andilazi igama ngesiCastilian, mhlawumbi inguqulelo yeyeseramikhi yaselwandle okanye iiseramikhi zolwandle, iiseramikhi zaselwandle ze-grés. Nakuphi na ukudibanisa kubonakala kufanelekile, kodwa ndicinga ukuba kwezi meko kungcono ukuqhubeka nokusebenzisa igama lesiNgesi.

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Isazi ngokuma komhlaba kuxinzelelo lukaNahúm Méndez

Isazi ngokuma komhlaba kuxinzelelo lukaNahúm Méndez

Isincoko esincinci sokwazisa kwihlabathi elimangalisayo lejoloji. Ilungele bonke abo bafuna ukuqala kwaye bafumane ukuba yintoni le yenzululwazi iyenzayo.

I-geologist ekubandezelekeni. Uhambo oludlula ngexesha ukuya kwezona ndawo zinzulu zoMhlaba

Umbhali nguNahúm Méndez, isayensi yokuma komhlaba kunye nombhali webhlog I-geologist ekubandezelekeni. Kudala ndimlandela kwi-twitter yakhe @geologoinapuros

Ndiyithandile, kodwa ndingathanda ukuba angene ngakumbi kwi-geology yentsimi. Ndiyathemba ukuba kuya kubakho ivolumu yesibini esele ingena kumxholo wohlobo lweefomati, amatye, izimbiwa, njl. Uxwebhu olunceda isayensi yemvelo ukuba iphume iye endle kwaye iqonde ukuba loluphi uhlobo lwento eyibonayo kwaye kutheni bayile.

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Umbelekisi ongumbelekisi (Alytes obstetricans)

Umbelekisi oqhelekileyo (Alytes obstetricans)

Yindlela eqhelekileyo yokubelekisa (IiAlytes zokubelekisa). I-amphibian eqhelekileyo eSpain eneempawu ezimbalwa.

Le inebali elincinci. Sayifumana, xa sasicoca iphuli. Emva kwabo bonke ubusika ngaphandle kokuyigcwalisa, yaphuma kumbhobho wokugcwalisa yawela emanzini. Ukongeza kwii-tadpoles ezi-6 zesayizi ethile. Siyeke isele kwaye sihoye oonozala, ezi-3 zazo zafikelela kubantu abadala.

Ndisebenzise eli thuba ukuze ndifundise iintombi zam Ukuchonga iintlobo ezinesikhokelo, isikhokelo esichazayo sokuchongwa kwezilwanyana eziphila emhlabeni nasemanzini kwiipaka zendalo zaseSpain. Yenziwe nguMphathiswa wotshintsho lweNdalo. Ungayikhuphela kwi esi sixhobo kwaye ndiyayixhoma kwimeko enokuthi ilahleke yokuba ezi zinto ziyeke ukubakho. Bayandithanda.

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Encinci Centaura, inyongo yomhlaba

Ngaphantsi kwekhulu leminyaka I-Centaurium erythraea

Ikhulu leminyakaICentaurium erythraeaNgumfuno wonyaka okanye wesibini, oqhelekileyo kwindawo yeMediteraa ekhula kwimihlaba ehlwempuzekileyo neyomileyo, ecaleni kweendlela nasezicoci embindini wehlathi, uhlala udala i-mini centaury meadows.

iinkcukacha zentyatyambo ye-5-petal ye-centaury encinci

Sisityalo esiqhelekileyo se iintyatyambo zoluntu lwaseValencian apho ndihlala khona. Ndiyibona unyaka nonyaka kwaye iintombi zam zifunde ukuyazi ngokulula. Nantsi ividiyo yentombazana yam eneminyaka esixhenxe ubudala eyazisa.

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Uwuxelela njani umahluko phakathi kokukhawuleza, ukugwinya kunye neenqwelomoya

umahluko, iswifts, iinqwelomoya kunye neenkonjane

Ukujikeleza, ukugwinya kunye neenqwelomoya Ziintaka ezi-3 ezixhaphakileyo kwiidolophu nakwiidolophu zethu kwaye ngaphandle kokuhlala nazo, abantu bayazibhidanisa kwaye abakwazi ukuzichonga.

Siza kushiya incwadana epheleleyo ngawo onke amaqhinga kunye nemiba ekufuneka sijonge kuyo ukwamkelwa okuhle.

LIi-swifts kulula kakhulu ukuzichongaPhakathi kweenqwelo moya kunye neenkonjane kuya kufuneka sijonge kancinci kodwa uyakubona ukuba ilula kangakanani.

Inkonjane kunye neenqwelomoya yiHurindinidae yosapho IHirundinidae ngelixa ii-swifts ziyi-aphid yosapho Apodidae okuthetha ukuthi ngaphandle kweenyawo.

Ukuba ufuna ukwazi ngakumbi malunga nomntu ngamnye sineefayile ezizezinye. Ngalo lonke ixesha kunedatha eninzi, iifoto kunye nezinto ezibonisa umdla

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Inqwelomoya oqhelekileyo (Delichon urbicum)

Ifoto esuka kwi-https: //commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sanchezn

Enye ye iintaka zasezidolophini esiqhele ukuzibona kunye noongqatyana nangona singenakuchonga. Iplane ngumhlali wezitrato zethu. Sibona bebhabha phakathi kwabo kwaye bezalela kwiibhalkoni nakwiikona.

Bazalisa kwiikholoni kwiifama, ezidolophini nasezixekweni nakwimihlaba evulekileyo nangona kutsalwa zizindlu.

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I-Barn Swallow (iHirundo rustica)

Amanqaku kunye neminqweno malunga nokuginya okuqhelekileyo iHirundo rustica
Ifoto ye UVincent van Zalinge

Ndiyigqala inkonjane njengenye yeentaka ezintle ezikhoyo. Ukufika kwakhe kunye neenqwelomoya kunye iswitshi zimele ukufika kwentwasahlobo.

Izixhobo

Yiyo Iintlobo ezibandakanyiweyo kuLuhlu lweeNdidi zeZilwanyana zasendle phantsi koMgaqo oKhethekileyo woKhuseleko.

I-17 - 21 cm kunye nabantu abancinci ukusuka kwi-14 ukuya kwi-15

Indawo yokuhlala eAfrika

Ukuzingela izinambuzane ezantsi ngaphezulu komhlaba

Simbona ukusuka ngo-Epreli ukuya ku-Okthobha.

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