Ukusika jet kwamanzi

oomatshini bokucheba iijeti zamanzi kunye neerrasives. Ngoomatshini bokuchaneka be-CNC. ukuya

Yintoni

Mhlawumbi enye yeenkqubo zokusika ezimangalisayo ezikhoyo. Kwaye kungenxa yokulula kwayo, kodwa amandla ayo agqithisileyo. Njengoko igama layo libonisa, kuphela ngamanzi asetyenziselwa ukusika zonke iintlobo zezinto, nkqu nesinyithi.

Njengokusika iplasma ezo jets zeplasma zisetyenziselwa ukusika, kule meko ziyasetyenziswa Ijethi zamanzi eziphezulu kakhulu zokusika. Kolo xinzelelo kunye nesantya, iimolekyuli zamanzi zii-projectiles ezinefuthe kwaye ngokulula zidlula kwizinto eziza kusikwa.

Ngokungafaniyo iioxyfuel, eyayijolise kwizinyithi ezomeleleyo, okanye Ukusika iplasma isinyithi, kwimeko yokusika amanzi unokusika ezinye izinto ezininzi. Umzekelo, inyama, iinkuni, isinyithi, iiplastiki, okanye izinto ezahlukeneyo. Oko kuyenza ibe bhetyebhetye kakhulu, kunye nokuba lula kwaye kungabizi.

I sebenza njani

ingcaciso ngendlela yokusika amanzi

Oomatshini bokucheba amanzi bahambisa inqwelomoya yamanzi entloko kuxinzelelo oluphezulu kakhulu. Kuba inkqubo yoomatshini ngokupheleleyo loo nto iya kunqunyulwa. Ukwenza oku kwenzeke, nangona kubonakala kulula kakhulu, kufuneka:

  • Umthombo wamanzi- Itanki okanye umthombo uya kufuneka ukubonelela ngamanzi afunekayo ukusika.
  • Umvelisi woxinzelelo: Yinxalenye ephambili yoomatshini bokucheba amanzi. Ngokusisiseko yimpompo yoxinzelelo oluphezulu eyenza ukuhamba kwamanzi ngoxinzelelo olunokufikelela kwi-Bar ye-6500. Inamandla ngakumbi kunombhobho womlilo.
  • Umbhobho wesitshixoNdinike igama into evumela ukuguqula lonke uxinzelelo olukhulu kwisantya samanzi, kuba uxinzelelo oluninzi ukuba awukhawulezisi ngenene jet alunakusebenzisa kakhulu. Kungenxa yesi sizathu le nto idlula kumngxunya omncinci (njengeenwele zomntu) kwilitye elinqabileyo ukulungiselela iprojeki entle kakhulu ngesantya esiphezulu kakhulu ukuba ingayisika. Ukukunika umbono, zihlala zifikelela kumaxesha ama-4 isantya sesandi (i-1235.5 km / h), oko kukuthi, banokufikelela kwi-4 Mach, njengezinye iinqwelo zokulwa ...
  • Isitofu esirhabaxaNangona irabrasive ingahlali isetyenziswa, kukho iinkqubo zokusika ezingasebenzisi manzi acocekileyo kuphela, kodwa endaweni yoko yazisa into erhabaxa etsalwa yijet yamanzi ukuvelisa ukunxiba okukhulu kumphezulu ohlaselwayo. Amanzi ahamba ngesantya esiphezulu aya kuthwala isirhabaxa kwaye avumele ukusika iindawo ezinzima kakhulu. Khawufane ucinge ukuba ngethumbu elilula lomyezo elifaka isiphelo ukuze ufumane uxinzelelo ngakumbi, okanye nge-washer yoxinzelelo kuyakukhathaza, ukuba unaso isantya kunye nesirhabaxa esenza ngathi ziiprojekhthi zokwenyani, yintoni enokwenziwa. Umzekelo, xa esirhabaxa, umatshini wokusika amanzi ungasika i-30 cm yesinyithi sentsimbi.
  • Itafile yokusika: yindawo apho iziqwenga zokunqunyulwa zibekwe khona. Ihlala inesinki ngaphantsi eqokelela amanzi emva kokusika kwaye ihlala ikhokelela kwinkqubo yokuhlanjululwa ukuze iphinde isetyenziswe.

Kuyachukumisa, yiyo loo nto yenye yeenkqubo zokusika ezimangalisayo. Kuxhomekeka ekubeni iyasetyenziswa na jet amanzi amsulwa okanye esirhabaxa, unokufumana abasiki abalungele:

  • Amanzi acocekileyo- Sika izinto ezithambileyo ezinje ngegwebu, iiplastiki, iphepha, ubushushu, ibhodi yesamente, ikhaphethi, ukutya, njl.
  • Amanzi ane-esirhabaxa: ivumela ukusikwa kwezinto ezilukhuni ezinje ngesinyithi, iiseramikhi, ilitye, iglasi, kunye nezinye iikhompawundi ezilukhuni.

Nini ukusebenzisa oomatshini ukusika

Las oomatshini abasika amanzi Azisoloko ziphathwa ngesandla ngokupheleleyo ngenxa yomngcipheko ngenxa yoxinzelelo oluphezulu kunye nesantya sejeti. Ngesi sizathu, bahlala bekhokelwa ziintloko okanye iirobhothi ezisebenza kwisiqwenga esiza kusikwa.

Into yokuqala eyenziweyo kukuyila ngekhompyuter ubume beziqwenga okanye imigca ofuna ukuyenza usebenzisa Isoftware yeCAD /CAMo CNC ngokulandelelana. Ke ipateni umatshini wokusika amanzi ucwangcisiwe ukuze uyazi ukuba uyisika phi.

Ukusuka ngokwakho umatshini wokusika, ungabeka indawo kwindawo efanelekileyo yokusika kwaye usebenze umatshini ukuqala inkqubo yokusika. Ngokubanzi, umatshini ngokwawo unokukhetha ubunzima bezinto ngokwazo kunye nezinye izinto, ukuze umatshini akwazi ukulungelelanisa isantya namandla.

Ngokubanzi, ukuba icandelo libekwe kakuhle kwaye lalungiswa, linda ukusikwa ukuba kwenziwe ukuze ukwazi ukususa iinxalenye. Kwiimeko ezinqabileyo, inkqubo kufuneka imiswe ukulungisa okanye ukubuyisela kwakhona iinxalenye.

Ngawo onke amaxesha kufuneka enjenjalo hlonipha imithetho yokhuseleko aba matshini, kuba nangona ibonakala iyinto engenabungozi njengamanzi, sele uyazi ukuba inokusika nesinyithi, yiyo loo nto inokusika naliphi na ilungu.

Izinto eziluncedo nezingalunganga

Njengayo nayiphi na inkqubo okanye inkqubo, inezibonelelo zayo kunye nezinto ezingalunganga. Ke ngoko, kuya kufuneka uzivavanye zonke kwaye ubone ukuba ngaba zihambelana kakuhle neemfuno okanye injongo oyifunayo kwiworkshop yakho okanye kumzi-mveliso. Phakathi kwe ezintle Ezona zibalulekileyo ekusikeni i-waterjet zezi:

  • Yiyo inkqubo ebandayo, ke ukuba unezinto ezichaphazeleka bubushushu okanye iziphene, iya kuba yinkqubo efanelekileyo yokusika.
  • Ayivelisi ungcoliseko ngenxa yokutsha kweegesi okanye iintsalela ezinetyhefu, kuba isebenzisa amanzi nje, kwaye kwezinye iimeko irhabaxa nayo ayinabungozi.
  • Ukuba ziimatshini ezicwangcisiweyo, ukusika nawuphi na umsebenzisi unokuyenza okanye injineli, kuba awuzukufuna ulungiso oluthile ukuphatha umatshini, njenge-oxyfuel okanye iplasma, ekufuneka ibe noqeqesho olusisiseko okanye imiyalelo yokuqalisa ukuphatha ezi zixhobo ngesandla.
  • Ngaba usike naluphi na uhlobo lwezixhobo, xa kuthelekiswa ne-oxyfuel okanye ukusika iplasma akuphelelanga kwisinyithi. Inokugawula iinkuni, inyama, ilaphu, isinyithi, okanye nantoni na.
  • Los ubukhulu onokuyinqunqa iphezulu kakhulu, nangaphezulu kunezixhobo zelaser.

Ewe iingxakiukunqunyulwa kwamanzi:

  • Nangona inokusika ubukhulu obuphezulu, inayo imida.
  • Yiyo ukusika kancinci ukuba siyithelekisa nezinye iinkqubo zokusika, ezinjengeplasma.
  • La Oomatshini babiza kakhulu xa kuthelekiswa nokusikwa kweplasma kunye nelangatye, nangona kungabizi kakhulu kune-laser. Nangona kunjalo, kuyinyani ukuba amanzi awabizi okanye anqabile.
  • Oomatshini bokucheba amanzi baninzi Grandes. Ke ngoko, baya kufuna indawo engaphezulu kumasifundisane okanye kwindawo yokugcina izinto zeshishini. Ubungakanani bempompo kunye nezinye izinto ziyenza ibe nale milinganiselo.
  • Ukutya amandla ombane ngokwaneleyo uxinzelelo lwamanzi.

Oomatshini abasika amanzi

Las oomatshini abasika iijet zamanzi makhulu kwaye ayabiza. Kwelinye icala unomatshini okanye inkqubo ngokwayo, kwelinye icala impompo kunye nesoftware.

Ngokuphathelele isoftweAbanye boomatshini baneesoftware zabo ezithile ukuze bakwazi ukubalawula, abanye bayavuma isoftware eqhelekileyo enokusetyenziselwa iimodeli ezahlukeneyo. Umzekelo, ezinye iinkqubo zekhompyuter zaba matshini zi-Intelli-MAX,

Ngokuphathelele ibhomuUmenzi ngamnye womatshini wokusika amanzi okanye umboneleli uneemveliso zawo. Kuyinxalenye ebalulekileyo, kuba uxinzelelo olufikelelwe ngamanzi luya kuxhomekeka kuwo nakwimeko yokusebenza kwamandla, kuba yeyona nto itya owona mandla mikhulu.

Abanye imizekelo yabo matshini Zizo:

  • Ukusika iJet WaterJet: Banoluhlu olwahlukeneyo, olunjengeBP-C, BP-S, BP-M kunye neBP-H, SM-C, SM-S kunye ne-SM-M. Luhlobo lohlobo lwebhulorho yoxinzelelo lokusika amanzi, ngozinzo olukhulu, amandla, ubhetyebhetye kunye nokusebenza.
  • Ubunjineli bePrussiani: I-waterjet yale nkampani zizixhobo zokusika amanzi ngokuchaneka okuphezulu kulo naluphi na uhlobo lwezixhobo. Banesoftware yabo ebizwa ngokuba yi-WJ CAM kwaye bane-3 okanye i-5 axes yenkululeko kwintloko yokusika. Umzekelo, unemodeli eNTSHA ye-RIO 3 kunye ne-NEW RIO 5, kodwa bayakuvumela ukuba wenze oomatshini ngokwezifiso.
  • I-OMAX: yenye yeenkokheli zehlabathi ezibonelela ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo zoomatshini bokucheba abasebenza ngokusezingeni eliphezulu. Phakathi kweemodeli zayo ezibalaseleyo yi-globalMAX, uthotho olukhulu lwe-MAXIEM, okanye i-compact ProtoMAX yokwenza ukusikwa kwiziqwenga ezincinci ...

Ukuba ufuna ulwazi oluthe kratya malunga namaxabiso kunye nalapho ungazithenga khona, nceda unxibelelane nathi.