Usizi kunye namanye amabali ngu-Anton Chekhov

Usizi kunye nezinye iincwadana zeChekhov. Umdibaniso omkhulu

Olu hlelo luqulathe amabali ali-12 anomdla, asibonisa ukuba kutheni I-Chekhov ngumbali webali ongabalulekanga.

Inyani yile yokuba bendihlala ndisiva ngaye, kwaye ndathenga indibaniselwano encinci, kodwa andazi ukuba ngenxa yokukhethwa kwamabali, uguqulo okanye ngenxa yokuba ndingakhange ndihoye ngokufanelekileyo, andifumananga olo phawu kwafuneka babenayo.

Kodwa amabali akule ncwadi iguqulelwe nguN. Tasín Ziyamangalisa. IChekhov ibonisa iimvakalelo, imiphefumlo yabantu, iimvakalelo zabo. Ngaphandle kokumiselwa kwelinye ilizwe, kwaye ngelinye ixesha siyaqonda ukuba umona, ukungabi nathemba, ukungonwabi, ukulunga okusingqongileyo. Abantu bahlala ngokufanayo.

Ndikushiya iikowuti ezininzi kunye noluvo oluncinci, kuba akukho nto ndikuxelela yona enokuthelekiswa nemigca embalwa yiChekhov.

Amafama

Elinye lawona mabali mabalaseleyo. indikhumbuza iziqwenga ezininzi zokuvela koohlohlesakhe endizifunde kwisincoko sika IBourgeois: IParadigm yoMntu wale mihla Ngu-Alain de Benoist

Ukugxekwa ngokuqatha kweenkokheli zelo xesha. Usizi, usizi oluninzi, indlala kunye nentlupheko kunye nebango elicacileyo apho aphawula khona ukuba kwinkqubo yangaphambili ye-feudal, ngaphandle kokuba babe-serfs, babephila ngcono kakhulu.

"Umlimi wayengcono kakhulu kunangoku xa wayeyiserf," indoda endala yatsho ukujikeleza. Yonke into yayikwishedyuli: umsebenzi, ukutya, ukuphumla. Kwakungekho kunqongophala kwesuphu yeklabishi kunye neepuches zesidlo sasemini, okanye, isidlo sangokuhlwa, iipusi kunye nesuphu. Umlimi unokutya iklabishi ezininzi kunye neekhukhamba ezininzi njengoko ebefuna. Kwaye amasiko ayehlukile, kukho ubunzulu obungakumbi, ubunzulu ngakumbi.

Naliphi na ixesha elidlulileyo belingcono? Ngaleyo nkululeko ifihliweyo yeza ubuhlwempu, kangangokuba ayinakuthathwa njengenkululeko.

UOsip wakudala wabalisa, ebuyela ezingqondweni zakhe, indlela ekwakuphilwa ngayo phambi kokudunyiswa kwezo ndawo zazinolusizi, zilusizi. Kwakukho ukuzingelwa okuninzi, kunye ne-soundsounds kunye nezinye izinja zokubona, kwaye abalimi banikwa i-brandy nanini na xa kuzingelwa; Iinkosi eziselula ezazihlala eMoscow zazingelwa; Iiserfu ezingathobeliyo zohlwaywa ngesabhokhwe okanye zithunyelwe eTver estate, kwaye abalungileyo nabathobekileyo bavuzwa.

Kwaye yenye yeendlela zomantyi, ezisibonisa ukuba kutheni isamkelwa kwihlabathi liphela. Amabali yimiboniso yemihla ngemihla. Kude neziphelo ezifunwa ngababhali bamabali abasoloko befuna ukunika umphumo kwisiphelo kunye nokumangaliswa.

Yonwabele, wonwabe kakhulu.

Amantombazana, kuyo yonke indawo yokubasa umlilo, ajonge phantsi ngaphandle kokuqhwanyaza. Zazikhangeleka njengeqela leekherubhi eziselifu. Babewathanda amabali kwaye bencwina, bengcangcazela, be-paled, sele bonwabile, sele benoloyiko, bemamele. Babemamele ixhegokazi, umbalisi wabo abawuthandayo, bengashukumi, bebambe umphefumlo.

Balala bonke bethe cwaka. Kwaye abantu abadala, iinkumbulo zabo zisandul sele esondela ...

Kwacima isibane. Ilitha lenyanga elipheleleyo, elingena ngeefestile zombini; ukuthula bekuphazanyiswa kukungcangcazela komntwana, kusenze sacinga ukuba ubomi buyadlula kwaye abubuyi ...

Iphupha, ukulibala. Ngequbuliso impompo egxalabeni, ukubetha kancinci esidleleni. Kwaye iphupha kwakhona kunye nokungonwabi, kunye nokuphazamisa, umbono ophazamisayo wokufa. Ukubuyela ebhedini, umbono wokufa uyabaleka ...; kodwa ezinye, zilusizi, ziyacaphukisa, zeza: enye inosizi, enye isonka semihla ngemihla, enye enexabiso elibiza umgubo…, kwaye kwakhona ingcinga ekrakra yokuba ubomi buyadlula kwaye abubuyi.

Ukubulala

Ibali elifutshane, endinokuphantse ndilungele ukuba yinto eyoyikisayo, uxinzelelo lubonakaliswa kweli bali, ukuba nosana oluneentsuku ezingama-20 kwaye ukulifunda kukushiya uchukumisekile, usoyika.

Utshaba ngumntwana.

Uhleka uVarka. Unganakho ukuza nombono olula kangaka ukuza kuthi ga ngoku?

Ensimini

Omnye umsebenzi wobugcisa. Andizukuyazi indlela yoku-odola eyona ndiyithandayo kodwa le yenye yeentando zam ezivela kuqokelelo.

Kweli bali sinokuhlangula enye yezo ndawo ukuba sizikhumbule

Xa besekhaya babesoloko benje: behleli ecaleni komnye nomnye; nabo behla ngesitrato kunye; Bobabini batya, basela, balala, kwaye okukhona bekhula baya bethandana ngakumbi.

Ukungazi, ukunqongophala konxibelelwano, ezo mbhodamo, abo bantu, yonke into iyasebenza namhlanje, nangona incinci ngakumbi, kuyo nayiphi na idolophu, isixeko, ...

Abafeli-nkolo

Abafeli-nkolo, haha, kukho abafel 'ukholo kuzo zonke iindawo.

Kwaye bobabini, belibele ukugula kwakhe, baqala ukudlala, ukwenza izinto zobuntwana, ukusukelana. Umyeni uyakwazi ukubamba umfazi ngentambo yehempe aze amgqume ngokumanga ngomlilo.

Ngequbuliso ukhumbula ukuba ugula kakhulu.

Ubuyela ebhedini, uncumo luyabaleka ebusweni bakhe ...

Into encinci

Okanye xa kwaphulwa ubumsulwa bomntwana, ukuphela kuyabonakala, kodwa kusenzima. Ibali elifutshane, malunga nokuthembeka kunye nobumsulwa bomntwana.

U-Alecha wathatha udadewabo wamsa ekoneni wamxelela, ngelizwi elamenza wangcangcazela ngumsindo, ngendlela abamkhohlise ngayo. ebekhala amehlo ngaphandle kwaye ukungcangcazela okunamandla kushukumise umzimba wakhe wonke. Kwakuyixesha lokuqala ebomini bakhe ukuba eze ngokuchasene nokuxoka ngendlela ekhohlakeleyo.

Usizi

Intloko yesihloko sencwadi, amagama alusizi angakanani anokuqulatha amagama? Usizi lomntu lunokubonakaliswa ebalini, ukuba kunjalo lubhalwe apha.

Usizi luza kungena kwakhona, lukhuni, lukhohlakele ngakumbi, intliziyo yakhe ediniweyo. Jonga isihlwele esidlula esitratweni, ngokungathi sifuna amawaka abantu abadlulayo umntu ofuna ukummamela.

Kodwa abantu babonakala bengxamile kwaye bedlula bengamnakanga.

Usizi lwakhe ngalo lonke ixesha lukhulu kakhulu. Enkulu, engenasiphelo, ukuba inokuphuma esifubeni sayo ingagubungela umhlaba wonke.

Vanka

Ibali elincinci elivale incwadi likushiye nomphefumlo okhathazekileyo. Zingakanani iintlungu. Ibali emva kwebali liqokelela ukusishiya singenziwanga.

Yiza kwangoko, tamkhulu

Ndigqiba kushiya izihloko zamabali endizithandayo, kwaye andifuni kuphononongwa nantoni na. Ezi zezi: Aniuta, Ihlazo, Indoda esingxotyeni, Italente, Intlungu.

Isahluli somxholo

Ukuba ufuna ukuqala ngeChekhov kwaye imeko yakho ebalulekileyo iyakuvumela, ndincoma olu khetho (Yithenge). Ngokuqinisekileyo ayiqulathanga zonke iitekisi zakhe ezilungileyo, kodwa ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo iyisampulu yabameli bomsebenzi wakhe ogqwesileyo ongayi kukushiya ungakhathali.

Shiya amazwana